Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Clara Zetkin

signature image

Judy Chicago (American, b. 1939). The Dinner Party (Heritage Floor; detail), 1974–79. Porcelain with rainbow and gold luster, 48 x 48 x 48 ft. (14.6 x 14.6 x 14.6 m). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10. © Judy Chicago. Photograph by Jook Leung Photography

Clara Zetkin
b. 1857, Wiederau, Saxony; 1933, Arkhangelskoye, Russia

Clara Zetkin was a radical leader in the socialist and feminist movements. Raised in a middle-class family, she married the revolutionary Osip Zetkin and joined the German Social Democratic Party (SPD). In 1896, at an SPD congress, she gave an influential speech on the liberation of working-class women. An expanded discussion of this topic appeared in the magazine Die Gleichheit (Equality), which she edited from 1892 to 1916. Zetkin co-organized the International Socialist Women's Congress, the Spartacist League (with, among others, Rosa Luxemburg), International Women's Day, and opposition to World War I. In 1919, she became a founding member of the German Communist Party, served in the Reichstag starting in 1920, and was elected to the presidium of Moscow's Third International in 1921. She joined the international crusade against America's Jim Crow laws and the conviction of the Scottsboro Boys. A fierce opponent of Hitler and the Nazi Party, Zetkin opened the 1932 session of the Reichstag with a powerful denunciation of fascism. A few months later, the Nazis had triumphed in Germany and Zetkin exiled to Russia.

Related Place Setting

Margaret Sanger

Related Heritage Floor Entries

Jane Addams
Inesse Armand
Sylvia Ashton-Warner
Angelica Balbanoff
Catherine Beecher
Ruth Benedict
Yekaterina Breshkovskaya
Rachel Carson
Dorothea Dix
Vera Figner
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
Elizabeth Fry
Emma Goldman
Dolores Ibarruri
Mary "Mother" Jones
Rachel Katznelson
Helen Keller
Aleksandra Kollantay
Nadezhda Krupskaya
Rosa Luxemburg

Margaret Mead
Golda Meir
Louise Michel
Katti Moeler
Maria Montessori
Federica Montseny
Emma Paterson
Frances Perkins
Sofia Perovskaya
Gabrielle Petit
Jeannette Rankin
Ellen Richards
Eleanor Roosevelt
Augustina Saragossa
Hannah Senesh
Marie Stopes
Henrietta Szold
Beatrice Webb
Vera Zasulich

SEARCH