Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Federica Montseny

signature image

Judy Chicago (American, b. 1939). The Dinner Party (Heritage Floor; detail), 1974–79. Porcelain with rainbow and gold luster, 48 x 48 x 48 ft. (14.6 x 14.6 x 14.6 m). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10. © Judy Chicago. Photograph by Jook Leung Photography

Federica Montseny
b. 1905, Madrid; d. 1994, Toulouse, France

Federica Montseny, anarchist, writer, and the first Spanish woman to hold a cabinet post, was introduced to radical political ideas at an early age. Her parents edited the anarchist journal La Revista Blanca and later ran their own publishing company. When Montseny began contributing articles to other anarchist journals, she called for the emancipation of women, a cause she worked toward as minister of health in the Republican government during the Spanish Civil War. She succeeded in legalizing abortion and implementing family planning as well as sex education. At the end of the war, with the defeat of the Republican troops, Montseny fled to France. She was imprisoned in 1942 and released upon the liberation of France in 1944. Settling in Toulouse, she resumed her work with the National Confederation of Workers (CNT), which she had joined at the age of seventeen, and published an anarchist newspaper, L'Espoir. She supported the Spanish anarchist cause until her death, but never returned to Spain. Montseny wrote numerous articles and novels over the course of her life; in 1987, she published her autobiography, Mis primeros cuarenta aƱos (My First Forty Years).

Related Place Setting

Margaret Sanger

Related Heritage Floor Entries

Jane Addams
Inesse Armand
Sylvia Ashton-Warner
Angelica Balbanoff
Catherine Beecher
Ruth Benedict
Yekaterina Breshkovskaya
Rachel Carson
Dorothea Dix
Vera Figner
Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
Elizabeth Fry
Emma Goldman
Dolores Ibarruri
Mary "Mother" Jones
Rachel Katznelson
Helen Keller
Aleksandra Kollantay
Nadezhda Krupskaya
Rosa Luxemburg

Margaret Mead
Golda Meir
Louise Michel
Katti Moeler
Maria Montessori
Emma Paterson
Frances Perkins
Sofia Perovskaya
Gabrielle Petit
Jeannette Rankin
Ellen Richards
Eleanor Roosevelt
Augustina Saragossa
Hannah Senesh
Marie Stopes
Henrietta Szold
Beatrice Webb
Vera Zasulich
Clara Zetkin