Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Florence Nightingale

signature image

Unknown artist. Florence Nightingale, n.d. From Evert A. Duyckinck, Portrait Gallery of Eminent Men and Women in Europe and America. (New York: Johnson, Wilson & Company, 1873)

Florence Nightingale
b. 1820, Florence, Italy; d. 1910, London

Florence Nightingale reformed hospital sanitation methods and otherwise set the standards for modern nursing, in the process making it a respectable occupation for women. Against her parents' wishes, she trained as a nurse in Germany in 1851, then accepted the post of superintendent at the London Institute for the Care of Sick Gentlewomen in 1853. With the outbreak of the Crimean War (1854–56), Nightingale and a staff of thirty-eight volunteer nurses, all women trained by her, were sent to Scutari (modern Üsküdar, Turkey), where they sanitized the hospital and equipment, reorganized patient care, and after about six months of continual improvements, achieved a sharp reduction in mortality rates. Arriving back in Britain in 1857 to a hero's welcome, she helped to establish the Royal Commission on the Health of the Army and worked closely with it on a detailed statistical report that led to a major overhaul of army military care as well as the establishment of an Army Medical School and a comprehensive system of record keeping. In 1860, she founded the Nightingale Training School at St. Thomas' Hospital, now called the Florence Nightingale School of Nursing and Midwifery, part of King's College, London.

Related Place Setting

Elizabeth Blackwell

Related Heritage Floor Entries

Elizabeth Anderson
Clara Barton
Marianne Beth
Emily Blackwell
Sophie Blanchard
Marie Bovin
Edith Cavell
Marie Curie
Babe Didrikson
Marie Duges
Marie Durocher
Amelia Earhart
Emily Faithful
Althea Gibson
Charlotte Guest
Salomée Halpir
Jane Harrison
Sophia Heath
Marie Heim-Vögtlin
Sonja Henie
Kate Campbell Hurd-Mead

Irene Joliot-Curie
Elin Kallio
Betsy Kjelsberg
Sofia Kovalevskaya
Marie la Chapelle
Rebecca Lee
Belva Lockwood
Madame A. Milliat
Margaret Murray
Emmy Noether
Susan la Flesche Piccotte
Marie Popelin
Clemence Royer
Anna Schabanoff
Emilie Snethlage
Miranda Stuart
Amelia Villa
Dorothea von Rodde
Mary Walker
Nathalie Zand

SEARCH