Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Margaret Philipse

signature image

Judy Chicago (American, b. 1939). The Dinner Party (Heritage Floor; detail), 1974–79. Porcelain with rainbow and gold luster, 48 x 48 x 48 ft. (14.6 x 14.6 x 14.6 m). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10. © Judy Chicago. Photograph by Jook Leung Photography

Margaret Philipse
b. Rhine Valley, Holland, date unknown; d. 1690, New Netherland, North America

In 1659, Margaret Philipse and her merchant husband emigrated from Holland to New Netherland, a Dutch territory on the eastern seaboard of North America centered on New Amsterdam (Manhattan). As permitted under Dutch law, Margaret elected to retain her maiden name, Hardenbrook, by which she became active in mercantile business, representing Dutch merchants trading with New Netherland. When her husband died in 1661, she assumed control of his trading operation and purchased a fleet ship, christened the Margaret. She married Frederick Philipse in 1662. Two years later, England took control of New Netherland. Under English law, women could not own property or participate in business under their own names. Thenceforward, Margaret's business enterprises were conducted under the name of Frederick Philipse.

Related Place Setting

Anne Hutchinson

Related Heritage Floor Entries

Abigail Adams
Hannah Adams
Mary Alexander
Penelope Barker
Helen Blavatsky
Mary Bonaventure
Anne Bradstreet
Margaret Brent
Hannah Crocker
Marie de l'Incarnation
Mary Dyer
Mary Baker Eddy
Margaret Fell Fox

Mary Goddard
Catherine Greene
Selin Hastings
Henrietta Johnston
Ann Lee
Judith Murray
Sarah Peale
Eliza Lucas Pinckney
Molly Pitcher
Deborah Sampson
Mercy Otis Warren
Susanna Wesley
Phillis Wheatley

SEARCH