Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Marie de Miramion

signature image

Judy Chicago (American, b. 1939). The Dinner Party (Heritage Floor; detail), 1974–79. Porcelain with rainbow and gold luster, 48 x 48 x 48 ft. (14.6 x 14.6 x 14.6 m). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10. © Judy Chicago. Photograph by Jook Leung Photography

Marie de Miramion
b. 1629, Paris; d. 1696, Paris

Marie de Miramion, born Marie Bonneau de Rubelle, inherited immense wealth upon the death of her husband in 1645. The young widow was a target for noble fortune hunters, but she successfully resisted a second marriage and turned to charitable work. As a member of the prestigious Dames de la Charité in Paris, she established a number of foundations, including a refuge for orphaned girls and a workshop for young women; she also funded dozens of schools around the country. In 1661, she established and resided in a community of secular-religious women, the Sainte-Famille, whose purpose was to serve the poor and the infirm. In 1670, the Sainte-Famille merged with a similar organization with Marie de Miramion's financial support; this new community, officially called the Filles de Sainte-Geneviève, became known as the Miramionnes.

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