Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Yekaterina Dashkova

signature image

Judy Chicago (American, b. 1939). The Dinner Party (Heritage Floor; detail), 1974–79. Porcelain with rainbow and gold luster, 48 x 48 x 48 ft. (14.6 x 14.6 x 14.6 m). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10. © Judy Chicago. Photograph by Jook Leung Photography

Yekaterina Dashkova
b. 1744, Saint Petersburg; d. 1810, near Moscow

Born a countess in the powerful Vorontsov family, and goddaughter of both Empress Elizabeth and the future Peter III, Yekaterina Dashkova was a gifted intellectual, a major figure of the Russian Enlightenment, and a close friend of Empress Catherine the Great. She received an exceptionally good education, studying mathematics at the University of Moscow, and married Prince Mikhail Dashkov before she was sixteen. According to her memoirs, she played a leading part in the 1762 coup that placed Catherine on the throne, a service for which she received the Order of Saint Catherine (an award given only to women). After an extensive tour of Europe commencing in 1768 and during which she formed friendships with French philosopher Denis Diderot and writer Voltaire, she returned home in 1782 to be appointed director of the Saint Petersburg Academy of Arts and Sciences. In 1784, she was named the first president of the Russian Academy of Sciences, which had been founded at her suggestion, and under her guidance it achieved prominence and intellectual respectability. In 1789, she became the first woman elected to the American Philosophical Society through the sponsorship of Benjamin Franklin.

Related Place Setting

Mary Wollstonecraft

Related Heritage Floor Entries

Josefa Amar
Bridget Bevan
Isabella Bishop
Jeanne Campan
Elizabeth Carter
Charlotte Corday
Leonor D'Almeida
Olympe de Gouges
Marie de Lafayette
Francoise de Maintenon
Théroigne de Mericourt
Jeanne de Pompodour
Germaine de Staël
Celia Fiennes
Elizabeth Hamilton
Mary Hays
Mary Manley

Mary Monckton
Elizabeth Montagu
Mary Wortley Montague
Hannah More
Suzanne Necker
Ida Pfieffer
Karoline Pichler
Mary Radcliffe
Jeanne Manon Roland
Alison Rutherford
Caroline Schlegel
Mary Shelley
Hester Stanhope
Marie Tussaud
Rachel Varnhagen
Elizabeth Vesey

SEARCH