Exhibitions: "Under the Open Sky": Landscape Sketches by Nineteenth-Century American Artists

Homer Dodge Martin: Normandy Coast

Homer Dodge Martin (American, 1836–1897). Normandy Coast, 1884. Oil on board. Brooklyn Museum, Bequest of Charles A. Schieren, 15.281

Throughout his career, Martin habitually spent his summers on outdoor sketching campaigns. Although this practice remained constant, his style shifted in the 1870s, when he began to shed the early influence of the Hudson River School in favor of the less detailed and looser manner of the French Barbizon school, an informal network of mid-nineteenth-century artists who practiced plein air painting in the Forest of Fontainebleau, near Barbizon. Martin himself sketched around Barbizon in 1876 and later returned to France for an extended stay in Villerville, where he executed remarkably fresh, freely brushed outdoor paintings such as this one.