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Inner Cartonnage of Gautseshenu

Osiris, lord of the underworld, appears seated on a throne at both sides of the chest of this cartonnage. At the right he presides over the Judgment of the soul of the woman Gautseshenu. Anubis, the jackal-headed conductor of the dead, is also at the right, carefully weighing Gautseshenu's heart. Beneath the great winged scarab are the "Four Sons of Horus," minor gods who protected specific mummified organs of the body.

Many other, nonfunerary deities and their insignias appear. Indeed, the illustrations provide a Who's Who of Egyptian gods. A prominent solar motif consists of Khepri, the winged beetle, whose form represents the sun in the morning. In the center of the cartonnage is a vignette of the solar boat of the god Sokar situated in the sanctuary at his temple. Yet another form of the sun god, Horus the Behdetite, flanks the legs with outstretched wings. Thoth, the god of intellectual activity, stalks the lower right side in the form of an ibis, and a ram-headed god appears on both lower sides.

The name Gautseshenu means "bouquet of lotuses." The Egyptian word seshen ("lotus") is the origin of the womens's names Susan and Suzanne.


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