< Back to collection


Cartonnage of Nespanetjerenpere

The decoration of Nespanetjerenpare's cartonnage richly details the theme of resurrection and permanence. Above the wesekh-collar is a protective pectoral in the form of a djed-pillar and a tyet-amulet. The djed-pillar is the hieroglyphic writing of the word "stability" or "endurance," and the sign tyet, often written in assocation with djed, expresses the idea of well-being. Below the wesekh-collar is a ram-headed falcon pendant, a representation of the solar god as he travels through the underworld at night. Ihe cartonnage base is decorated with ankh-signs and was-scepters, the hieroglyphs for "life" and "power." The small registers in the front depict a variety of deities associated with the parts of the body—like the eyes, lips, and teeth—deities who serve to protect the owner and keep his mummy bound together for eternity.

Catalogue Description:
Cartonnage of the mummy of a Theban priest Nespaneterenpera of about 1000 B.C. or the XXI dynasty. The mummy is missing. The head is covered by a large wig symbolizing divinity along with the braided beard. The face is painted bright red with the eyebrows and outlines of the eyes of lapiz lazuli, the eyes being of glass. A pectoral is painted on the breast just above the large bull-headed bird covering the breast. On the balance of the cartonnage are painted religious scenes describes in detail in the January 1937 issue of the Brooklyn Museum Quarterly. Nespaneterenpera was a god-father of Amun, one of those priests who were free to enter the sanctuary. He had been a prophetof the fourth class of Amun of Karnak and also bore the special title of priest of Hermonthis. He was the son of Sin-a-Amun. If the latter was the father of the Thoutemes quites in the celebrated inscription of Pinedjem II of Karnak, the date of the cartonnage would be the XXI dynasty. Condition: the lower part of the upper half of the piece has been exposed to dampness and some of the hieroglyphs have been lost. The band running around the feet has split and the bottom of the case (soles of the feet) is missing. This part has been filled in with beaver board. The balance of the painting is in almost pristine condition. The accumulated dirt has been removed and a coat of plymerized vinyl acetate has been applied to preserve the painting. the case is in the usual two pieces. Part of the underside of the case is missing.


Brooklyn Museum Logo