Several factors determine a statue's sculptural form, including its pose and which way it faces. Egyptian sculptors only used a few poses, mainly static, such as standing, sitting, squatting, and kneeling. They rarely depicted humans in motion. Also—with the exception of figures represented reading—nearly all Egyptian statuary faced forward.
This formalism reflects sculpture's religious roles. Statues were created to be placed in tombs and to receive offerings for the deceased, or to serve as an eternal audience for temple rituals. They therefore faced forward in stationary, eternally valid poses.
The most common standing pose showed the subject with the left leg extending forward. This attitude demonstrates the connection between Egyptian writing and sculpture; most hieroglyphs faced right, and in order to provide an unobstructed view of a figure's two legs, the left leg had to be extended. Statues were considered three-dimensional hieroglyphs and were therefore created with the same profile as their two-dimensional counterparts.
Headless statue of a standing man. Arms at sides, left foot advanced. Kilt only clothing. Apparently left end figure of a triad. Assembled from three pieces into which the figure had been sawn for shipping. Head, right hand, both feet missing. In addition, much restoration of the surface.