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Canopic Jar with Lid of the Royal Scribe and Chief Lector Priest, Thenry

During mummification, the stomach, liver, lungs, and intestines were usually removed from the body and preserved in separate container. Early Egyptologists naed these containers canopic jars after a Greek myth about a sailor named Canopus who died in Egypt and was later worshiped there in the form of a jar. Each jar represented the particular one of the four deities known as the Sons of Horus who was believed to protect the specific organ contained within: Daumutef for the stomach, Imseti for the liver, Hapi for the lungs, and Qebehsenuef for the intestines.

These fine canopic jars belonged to a man named Tjuli, a royal scribe and lector priest who was overseer of King Ramesses II's royal monuments. On each jar Tjuli is shown worshiping the deity represented by the jar.


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