The painter of this hanging scroll, best known for his landscapes, was a descendant of Qing dynasty (1644–1911) royalty. He received a privately tutored classical education that included training in painting and calligraphy, and he excelled at both. He began studying painting formally at the age of thirty, and as was the custom at the time, he learned by copying masterpieces in the royal collection.
Hanging scroll painting (now framed). A scholar wearing a white robe and Confucian head cloth seated on the ground between two gnarled pine trees amid rocks by the edge of a stream. Hillside in middle distance at right. Light green brocade border, wood frame with plexiglass. Condition: Several restored horizontal cracks; minor stains.