Boli Figure, for the Kono Society
A boli is an abstract figure kept in a shrine belonging to a secret Bamana men's association. It is believed to be the embodiment of the spiritual powers of the society. These powers underlie the ability of the association to maintain social control. Today, the Kono society has lost its influence in most Bamana communities due to the conversion of Bamana to Islam.
The basic form of this boli resembles a highly simplified cow. It is composed of a wooden core over-modeled with materials such as mud, eggs, chewed kola nuts, sacrificial blood, urine, honey, beer, vegetable fiber, and cow dung. The use of blood, excrement, and urine reflects the belief that these organic substances possess extremely potent spiritual powers.
- Culture: Bamana
- Medium: Clay and organic materials
- Place Made: Ségou, Koulikouro, or Sikasso Region, Mali
- Dates: late 19th-early 20th centuries
- Dimensions: 15 x 7 x 21 1/2 in. (38.1 x 17.8 x 54.6 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Arts of Africa
- Museum Location: This item is not on view
- Accession Number: 75.77
- Credit Line: Gift of Georges Rodrigues
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Bamana. Boli Figure, for the Kono Society, late 19th-early 20th centuries. Clay and organic materials, 15 x 7 x 21 1/2 in. (38.1 x 17.8 x 54.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Georges Rodrigues, 75.77. Creative Commons-BY
- Catalogue Description: Four legged animal without defined features. It has a flat rump, stands on four squat legs, has a hump on its back, and a rounded head. It is composed of a variety of materials: a hard wooden core covered with bark, plant fibers, clay and other materials. CONDITION: Very fragile with losses of outer layers: cleared, crackled and crumbling areas.
- Record Completeness: Best (87%)