Necklace (Lei Niho Palaoa)
The lei niho palaoa, made of braided human hair and the ivory teeth of beached whales, was an important symbol worn by the Hawai'ian nobility to indicate their genealogical descent from the gods. After the conversion of most Hawai'ians to Christianity in the mid-nineteenth century, such necklaces continued to indicate social status but lost much of their previous spiritual symbolism.
This necklace is one of many Polynesian objects picked up by early travelers possessing little or no understanding of the items' original context or function. An unknown collector incorrectly identified the object as a "Sorcerer's Necklace from Tahiti," and this misidentification has become part of its history.
- Culture: Hawaiian
- Medium: Human hair, ivory, fiber
- Place Made: Hawaii, United States
- Dates: early 19th century
- Dimensions: Display: 14 x 7 x 2 1/2 in. (35.6 x 17.8 x 6.4 cm) Ivory: 3 1/2 x 1 1/2 x 2 in. (8.9 x 3.8 x 5.1 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Arts of the Pacific Islands
- Museum Location: This item is not on view
- Accession Number: X839.3
- Credit Line: Brooklyn Museum Collection
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Hawaiian. Necklace (Lei Niho Palaoa), early 19th century. Human hair, ivory, fiber, Display: 14 x 7 x 2 1/2 in. (35.6 x 17.8 x 6.4 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn Museum Collection, X839.3. Creative Commons-BY
- Catalogue Description: Neck ornament composed of bundles of human hair that have been twisted into fine threads and tied at ends. Suspended from the center is a hook-shaped pendant made from whale tooth ivory. Incised on the pendant is inscription: "Sorcerer's necklace from Tahiti." Note: This type of ornament is Hawaiian, not Tahitian and is worn by people of royal rank. Condition: Hair is brittle. Hook-shaped pendant is nicked on edges. Ends of cord are fraying.
- Record Completeness: Best (83%)