The Sumerian culture in Iraq, established in the third millennium b.c., was one of the world’s earliest civilizations. It reached a height of luxury known to us primarily through the elegantly crafted jewelry found in the tombs of its rulers. The ornaments exhibited here include two finger rings and two pairs of earrings in gold, and beads fashioned in gold and semiprecious stones. The beads have been restrung in modern times. Originally, they belonged to elaborate necklaces, which were often so large that their strands had to be held apart by separators. A separator on the smallest strand here consists of four attached tubes in gold (no. 3). The large round bead in lapis lazuli, with a gold cap, was the head of an ornamental pin in silver; traces of silver remain in the hole (no. 4).
- Culture: Sumerian
- Medium: Gold, lapis lazuli, traces of silver
- Place Made: Iraq
- Dates: ca. 2600-2500 B.C.E.
- Period: early Dynastic IIIA Period
- Dimensions: Diam. 7/8 in. (2.3 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
- Museum Location: This item is on view in Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity, Ancient Middle Eastern Art, The Hagop Kevorkian Gallery, 3rd Floor
- Accession Number: 1999.109.10
- Credit Line: Purchased with funds given by Shelby White
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Sumerian. Pin Terminal, ca. 2600-2500 B.C.E. Gold, lapis lazuli, traces of silver, Diam. 7/8 in. (2.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Purchased with funds given by Shelby White, 1999.109.10. Creative Commons-BY
- Record Completeness: Best (81%)