Fragmentary Amulet of Pataikos
The ancient Egyptians regarded short stature as a mark of divinity. They associated the physical characteristics of achondroplasia (a type of dwarfism) with the sun god Re. In Egyptian mythology, Re died in the evening and was reborn every morning as a wise, experienced, yet youthful god. The symbol of the morning sun, the scarab, evoked the silhouette of a large torso with short, curved limbs.
This fragmentary amulet is an example of religion and magic practiced by regular Egyptians. As timeless symbols of rebirth, images of Pataikos and other gods of short stature protected women and children during dangerous times of transition, especially pregnancy and birth, repelling evil and aiding regeneration.
- Medium: Faience
- Place Made: Egypt
- Dates: 1539-30 B.C.
- Period: New Kingdom or later
- Dimensions: 1 15/16 x 1 1/2 in. (5 x 3.8 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
- Museum Location: This item is on view in Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity, Special Exhibitions, Egyptian Galleries, 3rd Floor
- Accession Number: X1182.2
- Credit Line: Brooklyn Museum Collection
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Fragmentary Amulet of Pataikos, 1539-30 B.C. Faience, 1 15/16 x 1 1/2 in. (5 x 3.8 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Brooklyn Museum Collection, X1182.2. Creative Commons-BY
- Record Completeness: Good (70%)