John William Hill began his career as a topographical painter and printmaker. About 1855 he read John Ruskin’s Modern Painters and, under the English critic’s influence, altered his style to produce highly detailed landscapes like this one. Mountain Stream was painted in 1863 at the high-water mark of the short-lived campaign of the American Ruskinians to reform American landscape painting. These radicals, of whom Hill was the elder statesman, turned away from the more painterly, idealized Catskill views of Thomas Cole in favor of small, intricately detailed landscape visions in oil and watercolor.
- Artist: John William Hill, American, 1812-1879
- Medium: Watercolor over black chalk on paper
- Dates: 1863
- Dimensions: 13 1/16 x 17 1/16 in. (33.2 x 43.3 cm) (show scale)
- Markings: Watermark: J Whatman TURKEY MILL
- Signature: Signed and dated lower right: "J. W. Hill 1863"
- Collections:American Art
- Museum Location: This item is not on view
- Accession Number: 1991.44.1
- Credit Line: Gift of Mary Stewart Bierstadt, by exchange
- Rights Statement: No known copyright restrictions
- Caption: John William Hill (American, 1812-1879). Mountain Stream, 1863. Watercolor over black chalk on paper, 13 1/16 x 17 1/16 in. (33.2 x 43.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Mary Stewart Bierstadt, by exchange, 1991.44.1
- Record Completeness: Best (86%)