Cartonnage of Nespanetjerenpere
Cartonnage, a substance made of cloth or papyrus mixed with plaster and water, was used during the Third Intermediate Period to make an innermost case for the mummified body. The mummy was inserted and the covering was then painted with funerary scenes and inscriptions and placed in one or more coffins, which had been decorated in much the same way. The decoration here was chosen to associate its occupant, the priest Nespanetjerenpere, with divine resurrection. The ram-headed falcon on his chest represents the sun god's nightly journey through the land of the dead. The small figures on the front represent deities aligned with various parts of his body, as described in the funerary Book of the Dead.
- Medium: Linen or papyrus mixed with plaster, pigment, glass, lapis lazuli
- Reportedly From: Thebes, Egypt
- Dates: ca. 945-718 B.C.E.
- Dynasty: XXII Dynasty
- Period: Third Intermediate Period
- Dimensions: H: 69 11/16 x W: 17 5/16 in. (177 x 44 cm) Other (Height to top of beard): 14 3/4 in. (37.5 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
- Museum Location: This item is on view in Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity, 19th Dynasty to Roman Period, Martha A. and Robert S. Rubin Gallery, 3rd Floor
- Accession Number: 35.1265
- Credit Line: Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Cartonnage of Nespanetjerenpere, ca. 945-718 B.C.E. Linen or papyrus mixed with plaster, pigment, glass, lapis lazuli, H: 69 11/16 x W: 17 5/16 in. (177 x 44 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 35.1265. Creative Commons-BY
- Catalogue Description: Cartonnage of the mummy of a Theban priest Nespaneterenpera of about 1000 B.C. or the XXI dynasty. The mummy is missing. The head is covered by a large wig symbolizing divinity along with the braided beard. The face is painted bright red with the eyebrows and outlines of the eyes of lapiz lazuli, the eyes being of glass. A pectoral is painted on the breast just above the large bull-headed bird covering the breast. On the balance of the cartonnage are painted religious scenes describes in detail in the January 1937 issue of the Brooklyn Museum Quarterly. Nespaneterenpera was a god-father of Amun, one of those priests who were free to enter the sanctuary. He had been a prophetof the fourth class of Amun of Karnak and also bore the special title of priest of Hermonthis. He was the son of Sin-a-Amun. If the latter was the father of the Thoutemes quites in the celebrated inscription of Pinedjem II of Karnak, the date of the cartonnage would be the XXI dynasty. Condition: the lower part of the upper half of the piece has been exposed to dampness and some of the hieroglyphs have been lost. The band running around the feet has split and the bottom of the case (soles of the feet) is missing. This part has been filled in with beaver board. The balance of the painting is in almost pristine condition. The accumulated dirt has been removed and a coat of plymerized vinyl acetate has been applied to preserve the painting. the case is in the usual two pieces. Part of the underside of the case is missing.
- Record Completeness: Best (92%)