Collections: Asian Art: Seated Buddha Shakyamuni

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    1999.42_SL1.jpg 1999.42_detail_SL4.jpg 1999.42_back_SL4.jpg 1999.42_bw_Design_scan.jpg

    Seated Buddha Shakyamuni

    Gilt bronze icons of Buddhist divinities were ritually and aesthetically significant early in China's reception of Buddhism. These deeply venerated, portable images were initially introduced into China by missionaries, travelers, and pilgrims. Around the third century, the Chinese began to cast their own bronze Buddhist icons, establishing a sculptural tradition that combined China's own heritage with those of non-Chinese cultures. This Buddha, dressed in a Chinese-style robe and seated in the lotus position, makes the gestures of preaching and vow fulfilling with his hands. The four-character inscription on the back—"made in the yi chou year"—dates the statue to either A.D. 965 or 1025.

    • Medium: Gilt bronze
    • Place Made: China
    • Dates: 965-1025
    • Dynasty: Liao Dynasty
    • Dimensions: 8 1/2 x 7 1/8 x 4 in. (21.6 x 18.1 x 10.2 cm)  (show scale)
    • Collections:Asian Art
    • Museum Location: This item is not on view
    • Accession Number: 1999.42
    • Credit Line: Gift of the Asian Art Council in memory of Mahmood T. Diba; Mary Smith Dorward Fund
    • Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
    • Caption: Seated Buddha Shakyamuni, 965-1025. Gilt bronze, 8 1/2 x 7 1/8 x 4 in. (21.6 x 18.1 x 10.2 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Asian Art Council in memory of Mahmood T. Diba; Mary Smith Dorward Fund, 1999.42. Creative Commons-BY
    • Image: overall, 1999.42_bw_Design_scan.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
    • Catalogue Description: Gilt bronze figure of Buddha Sakyamuni, shown seated cross-legged with right hand raised in a gesture to be identified, with two fingers crossed, and left hand extended in varamudra. The serene figure is wearing a long flowing robe with wide sleeves, crossed over in front and fallen in wide pleated folds, with the sanghati tied at the left shoulder. The figure has a broad round face with ridged eyebrows and a prominent urna. Heavily lidded eyes are set in a quiet introspective gaze and the ears have long, pendulous lobes. The ungilded hair is arranged in tight curls and represented by rows of rounded knobs, with demi-florette shaped ornament in the center front. Four characters are inscribed on the back towards the base which read "yichou sui zao". This inscription translates to 'made in the yi chou year' and indicates the second year of a sixty year cycle, either 965 or 1025 AD. The Qidans (Khitans) of the Liao Dynasty were hunting and pastoral people who originated from eastern Inner Mongolia and occupied North China under the auspices of the Liao Dynasty from 907 to 1125. Although the Qidans actively retained many traditions of their originary steppe culture, they were heavily influenced by the Chinese in terms of society and culture. Buddhism also had an impact on Qidan religious and ritual practices as evident by the number of Liao dynasty Buddhist objects known, particularly gilt bronze figures of Buddhist deities. Condition: Intact and in excellent condition. Some slight wear of gilt on surface. Hairline crack on two fingers and a tiny dent in front center of costume. Casting flaw under chin.
    • Record Completeness: Best (89%)
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    Recent Comments
    17:11 09/20/2010
    Since the yi-chou year could also be 905, 1085, or even 1985 (or any other 2nd year of a 60-year cycle), what is the basis for saying 965 or 1025? Stylistically? or somebody said it's early to middle Liao? Please clarify the reasoning.
    By Doug White
    10:17 02/16/2011
    To see the truth, one must drop all authority…for to trust in Authority, in Revelation is to but to receive a concept, a description – and what is described, that description is not the object, as the word is not the object…to trust in Authority is but to see through the eyes of another, and that is not seeing – just as a man might climb up a huge and tall tree and might shout out a description of what he sees beyond in the distance to those sitting idle below the tree…they do not see; they simply have a description, a play of words; a play of mind…so, discard all Authority and Revelation and all Books and all Scriptures – and see things yourself…that is to see the truth…



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