Side-Blown Horn (Mpungi) or (Kithenda)
A prominent leader owned this horn. It was blown to announce his arrival at special events and state occasions. The deep red-orange color resulted from repeated applications of palm oil and years of handling.
- Culture: Kongo (Yombe subgroup)
- Medium: Ivory, fiber, cloth
- Place Made: Nsundi Sida Sector, Village of Mbuku Mbaka, Lukula region, Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
- Dates: 19th century
- Dimensions: 28 x 3 in. (diam.) (71.1 x 7.6 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Arts of Africa
- Museum Location: This item is on view in South Gallery, 1st Floor
- Accession Number: 80.32
- Credit Line: Gift of The Roebling Society
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Kongo (Yombe subgroup). Side-Blown Horn (Mpungi) or (Kithenda), 19th century. Ivory, fiber, cloth, 28 x 3 in. (diam.) (71.1 x 7.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of The Roebling Society, 80.32. Creative Commons-BY
- Catalogue Description: Ivory transverse horn the tip of which is carved in the form of a kneeling figure. The headdress is surmounted by a tall, slightly curved configuration, possibly the head of a reptile. There is a vessel held in each hand, possibly a calabash in right and a cup in the left. The mouth is open and filed teeth are visible. Beneath the figure on the convave side is a rectangular section that is pierced for the blow hole. The hole is oval in shape, and set in a square section that juts out slightly from the tusk. The rest of the tusk constitutes about two-thirds of the total length. The widest part is decorated with an attached sheath of basketweave fiber. Cloth binding is visible under fiber wrapping near end. The horn has a glossy burnished orange patina. CONDITION: Excellent. The bottom edge shows evidence of wear; it is uneven as a result of chipping, one small section on inside curve is mising, and the condition of the edge is extremely fragile.
- Record Completeness: Best (83%)