Collections: Arts of Africa: Side-Blown Horn (Mpungi) or (Kithenda)

  • 1st Floor
    Arts of Africa, Steinberg Family Sculpture Garden
  • 2nd Floor
    Arts of Asia and the Islamic World
  • 3rd Floor
    Egyptian Art, European Paintings
  • 4th Floor
    Contemporary Art, Decorative Arts, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art
  • 5th Floor
    Luce Center for American Art

Hiroshige's One Hundred Famous Views of Edo

Hiroshige's 118 woodblock landscape and genre scenes of mid-nineteenth-century Tokyo, is one of the greatest achievements of Japanese art.

    On View: Double Bell (Egogo)

    This is one of the oldest surviving African ivory sculptures; only six of these ivory gongs are known. Double gongs were used by the oba (ki...


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    80.32_SL1.jpg CUR.80.32_print_threequarter1_bw.jpg CUR.80.32_print_back_bw.jpg CUR.80.32_print_detail_bw.jpg CUR.80.32_print_threequarter2_bw.jpg

    Side-Blown Horn (Mpungi) or (Kithenda)

    A prominent leader owned this horn. It was blown to announce his arrival at special events and state occasions. The deep red-orange color resulted from repeated applications of palm oil and years of handling.

    • Culture: Kongo (Yombe subgroup)
    • Medium: Ivory, fiber, cloth
    • Place Made: Nsundi Sida Sector, Village of Mbuku Mbaka, Lukula region, Kongo Central Province, Democratic Republic of the Congo
    • Dates: 19th century
    • Dimensions: 28 x 3 in. (diam.) (71.1 x 7.6 cm)  (show scale)
    • Collections:Arts of Africa
    • Museum Location: This item is on view in African Storage Annex, East Gallery, 1st Floor
    • Exhibitions:
    • Accession Number: 80.32
    • Credit Line: Gift of The Roebling Society
    • Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
    • Caption: Kongo (Yombe subgroup). Side-Blown Horn (Mpungi) or (Kithenda), 19th century. Ivory, fiber, cloth, 28 x 3 in. (diam.) (71.1 x 7.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of The Roebling Society, 80.32. Creative Commons-BY
    • Image: overall, 80.32_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
    • Catalogue Description: Ivory transverse horn the tip of which is carved in the form of a kneeling figure. The headdress is surmounted by a tall, slightly curved configuration, possibly the head of a reptile. There is a vessel held in each hand, possibly a calabash in right and a cup in the left. The mouth is open and filed teeth are visible. Beneath the figure on the convave side is a rectangular section that is pierced for the blow hole. The hole is oval in shape, and set in a square section that juts out slightly from the tusk. The rest of the tusk constitutes about two-thirds of the total length. The widest part is decorated with an attached sheath of basketweave fiber. Cloth binding is visible under fiber wrapping near end. The horn has a glossy burnished orange patina. CONDITION: Excellent. The bottom edge shows evidence of wear; it is uneven as a result of chipping, one small section on inside curve is mising, and the condition of the edge is extremely fragile.
    • Record Completeness: Best (83%)
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