War Chief's Carved Pipe Stem
THE JARVIS COLLECTION
The articles in this case and the adjacent clothing case [see 50.67.6] are some of the earliest and finest Eastern Plains pieces in existence. They were collected by Dr. Nathan Sturges Jarvis, a military surgeon stationed at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, between 1833 and 1836. Most items were made by the Eastern and Middle Dakota (Sioux) or by the peoples of the Red River region, including the Red River Métis, Anishinabe, Plains Cree, and Salteaux. Some of the objects were purchased by Jarvis, and others may have been given to him in exchange for his medical services.
By the early nineteenth century, the growing numbers of white settlers and military personnel—following decades of fur trading—had depleted much of the game on which the Dakota and Red River peoples depended. Indigenous ingenuity in combining trade materials such as cloth, metal, and glass beads with traditional hides, pipestone, and porcupine and bird quills is evident in these objects.
- Cultures: Sioux, Native American; or Chippewa, Native American
- Medium: Wood, pigment
- Place Collected: Fort Snelling, Minnesota, United States
- Dates: early 19th century
- Dimensions: 43 3/4 x 3 x 1/2 in. (111.1 x 7.6 x 1.3 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Arts of the Americas
- Museum Location: This item is on view in American Identities: A New Look, Centennial Era, 5th Floor
- Accession Number: 50.67.65
- Credit Line: Henry L. Batterman Fund and the Frank Sherman Benson Fund
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Sioux (Native American). War Chief's Carved Pipe Stem, early 19th century. Wood, pigment, 43 3/4 x 3 x 1/2 in. (111.1 x 7.6 x 1.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Henry L. Batterman Fund and the Frank Sherman Benson Fund, 50.67.65. Creative Commons-BY
- Catalogue Description: This is a flat pipe stem of the "trick" type. Geometrically shaped cutouts were made in the center of the stem and the un-initiated had to guess how the smoke traveled through it. Decorated with red and blue-green paint, it shows slash marks made with a hot metal file for added decoration.
- Record Completeness: Best (89%)