Scalping Knife and Sheath
THE JARVIS COLLECTION
The articles in this case and the adjacent clothing case [see 50.67.6] are some of the earliest and finest Eastern Plains pieces in existence. They were collected by Dr. Nathan Sturges Jarvis, a military surgeon stationed at Fort Snelling, Minnesota, between 1833 and 1836. Most items were made by the Eastern and Middle Dakota (Sioux) or by the peoples of the Red River region, including the Red River Métis, Anishinabe, Plains Cree, and Salteaux. Some of the objects were purchased by Jarvis, and others may have been given to him in exchange for his medical services.
By the early nineteenth century, the growing numbers of white settlers and military personnel—following decades of fur trading—had depleted much of the game on which the Dakota and Red River peoples depended. Indigenous ingenuity in combining trade materials such as cloth, metal, and glass beads with traditional hides, pipestone, and porcupine and bird quills is evident in these objects.
- Culture: Sioux (probably), Native American
- Medium: Hide, metal, wood, porcupine quills, brass, skin, cloth, tin, sinew
- Place Made: United States
- Dates: early 19th century
- Dimensions: knife: 10 3/8 x 1 1/8 in. (26.4 x 2.9 cm) sheath: 8 3/4 x 2 1/2 in. (22.2 x 6.4 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Arts of the Americas
- Museum Location: This item is on view in American Identities: A New Look, Centennial Era, 5th Floor
- Accession Number: 50.67.118a-b
- Credit Line: Henry L. Batterman Fund and the Frank Sherman Benson Fund
- Rights Statement: Creative Commons-BY
- Caption: Sioux (probably) (Native American). Scalping Knife and Sheath, early 19th century. Hide, metal, wood, porcupine quills, brass, skin, cloth, tin, sinew, knife: 10 3/8 x 1 1/8 in. (26.4 x 2.9 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Henry L. Batterman Fund and the Frank Sherman Benson Fund, 50.67.118a-b. Creative Commons-BY
- Catalogue Description: The slightly curved steel blade of the knife is bound to the well-round bone (?) handle by a worked sheet of brass. This brass is finished in a series of little points at the handle end and incised with series of simple lines, both parallel and diagonal, to form bands. The sheath for this knife is worked with porcupine quills in purplish brown, orange, yellow, and natural white in a motif of connecting diamonds. The body of the sheath has an orange triangle with "V" shaped outlines at the very bottom, below the pattern of connected diamonds. The panel or cuff is striped. Many metal cones are suspended from the bottom of the cuff and one single cone, or tinkler is suspended from the bottom tip of the sheath. These 'tin-tinklers' on the panel were once quill-wrapped.The leather is thread sewn so that beige ribbon adorns the panel or cuff.
- Record Completeness: Best (83%)