Guide to the Culin Archival Collection
Table of Contents
- Collection Overview
- Biographical Note
- Chronology of Culin's Life
- Administrative Notes
- Scope and Content
- Series Descriptions
- Series 1: General correspondence
- Series 2: Collecting expeditions
- Series 3: Department of Ethnology
- Series 4: Objects
- Series 5: Research and writings
- Series 6: Cushing collection
- Series 7: Games
- Series 8: Expositions
- Series 9: Brinton memoriall
- Series 10: Organizations and memberships
- Series 11: Visual materials
- Series 12: Printed matter
- Folder Descriptions
- Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.1: University of Pennsylvania appointment
- Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.2: correspondence (incoming & outgoing)
- Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.3: correspondence (outgoing)
- Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.4: correspondence (incoming & outgoing)
- Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.1: expedition reports
- Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.2: chapbooks
- Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.3: financial records
- Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.4: Tschudy paintings
- Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.1: general correspondence
- Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.2: reports
- Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.3: daily notes
- Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.4: inventories
- Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.5: exhibitions & installations
- Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.6: financial records
- Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.1: general correspondence
- Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.2: North American Indians
- Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.3: catalogue cards
- Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.4: ledger books
- Series 5: Research & writings, subseries 5.1: correspondence & notes
- Series 5: Research & writings, subseries 5.2: lectures & writings
- Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.1: correspondence
- Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.2: writings
- Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.3: sketches
- Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.4: photographs
- Series 7: Games, subseries 7.1: North American Indian
- Series 7: Games, subseries 7.2: categories
- Series 7: Games, subseries 7.3: international
- Series 8: Expositions
- Series 9: Brinton memorial
- Series 10: Organizations & memberships
- Series 11: Visual materials
- Series 12: Printed matter, subseries 12.1: scrapbooks
- Series 12: Printed matter, subseries 12.2: periodicals
- Series 12: Printed matter, subseries 12.3: clippings
- Culin Materials in Other Repositories
|Project Director||Deirdre Lawrence, Principal Librarian & Coordinator of Research Services|
|Project Manager||Deborah Wythe, Archives & Manager of Special Library Collections|
|Project Archivist||Brenda Hearing (1993-94)|
|Katherine Culkin (1994-95)|
|John Panter (1995)|
|Archives Preservation Assistant||Mandy Sharp|
|Consulting Archivist (survey)||Alessandro Pezzati, Reference Archivist, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology|
|Consulting Curator||David Wilcox, Curator of Anthropology, University of Northern Arizona|
|Photograph Curator||Rachel Danzing|
This guide is the culmination of more than eight years of research and planning to describe, arrange, and preserve the Culin Archival Collection. The project involved many different individuals and departments within the Brooklyn Museum of Art as well as colleagues and consultants across the country. From the start, the primary goal of this project has been to make the extensive documentation assembled by Stewart Culin more accessible and better known to both scholars and the general public. We are extremely grateful to the National Endowment for the Humanities for supporting the staff and project activities. We also received support from the New York State Program for the Conservation and Preservation of Library Research Materials that allowed for the completion of treatment of the photographs.
Individuals outside the Museum who assisted project staff include: David Wilcox, who reviewed and categorized the Cushing sketches; Alessandro Pezzati, who surveyed Culin records held in various Philadelphia institutions; photographer Christa Blackwood, who created copy negatives and prints of many photographs; and the staff of Preservation Resources, who microfilmed portions of the collection.
This project could not have been accomplished without the expert direction of Deirdre Lawrence and Deborah Wythe, who were responsible for overseeing the implementation of the entire project and compiled the final version of the finding aid. A number of archivists contributed to the project at different stages: Brenda Hearing surveyed the collection and created the organizational scheme; Katherine Culkin processed files, entered folder descriptions into the Culin database, surveyed off-site repositories, and prepared preliminary drafts of the series descriptions; John Panter wrote final versions of several series descriptions and assisted with the final arrangement of the collection.
Mandy Sharp, Archives Preservation Assistant, very ably worked to preserve the textual and visual documents, which posed a variety of preservation problems, created database access tools for visual materials, and managed the microfilming component of the project. Susan Share, Library Preservation Associate, and Keith DuQuette, Library Preservation Assistant, supervised and assisted with preservation activities throughout the project. Museum Conservators Antoinette Owen and Rachel Danzing oversaw the selection of preservation materials for rehousing the collection and treatment of the photographs.
We are also grateful to the following Museum staff, past and present, for general assistance with this project: William Hemmig, Library Associate; Elaine Koss, Vice Director for Publications; Lisa Mackie, Assistant Editor; Dorothy Ryan, Development Officer for Government Grants; John DiClemente, Design Department; Yvette Schops, intern; volunteer archivist Nancy Johnson, who created online records describing the Culin Archival Collection in the Research Libraries Information Network; and volunteers Peggy Coltrera and Lucile Zuckerman. Diana Fane, Chair of the Department of the Arts of Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas, and Ira Jacknis both provided invaluable counsel.
Finally, we would like to thank the many archivists, curators, and librarians who contributed information and aided the project staff in carrying out the survey, including Belinda Kaye and Scott Baione (American Museum of Natural History, New York), Elizabeth Carroll Horrocks (American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia), David Mattison (British Columbia Archives & Records Service, Victoria), Sherrie Smith-Ferri (Grace Hudson Museum, Ukiah, California), Barbara A. Hail (Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University, Bristol, Rhode Island), Virginia Smyers (Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, Massachusetts), James Glenn (National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.), John Koza (Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts), Paul Theerman (Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C.), Kim Walters (Southwest Museum, Los Angeles), William Roberts (University of California, Berkeley), and Douglas Haller and Alessandro Pezzati (University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadelphia).
|Repository||Brooklyn Museum of Art|
|Title||Culin Archival Collection|
|abstract||The Culin Archival Collection documents the life and work of ethnologist and museum curator Stewart Culin (1858-1929); his role in developing the collections of the Department of Ethnology at the Brooklyn Museum (now the Brooklyn Museum of Art); his efforts to present the collections to the public through exhibitions, installations, and public program; and his research on Native American, Asian, and Eastern European cultures. The materials found here are a composite of both personal papers and institutional records, since Culin's scholarly research frequently overlapped with his curatorial duties at the Brooklyn Museum. The collection primarily covers Culin's Brooklyn Museum tenure (1903-1928), but also includes records related to his research in Philadelphia as a young man and to his work at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology (1890-1903). In addition, some Brooklyn Museum records predate or postdate Culin's years at the Museum, reflecting this collection's role as a segment of the Records of the Department of the Arts of Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas.|
|Language(s)||English, French, German, Chinese, Japanese.|
This collection is open to researchers by appointment.
Pretty much all my life I have had to do with a museum and with museums. I have visited in my professional work the principal museums of the world and with not a few I have had the privilege of intimate collaboration. At the same time I have been conscious that museums exert a repressive influence upon creative effort--that effort which among all human effort I esteem most highly. . . . Sometimes in unguarded moments I have expressed my feelings, but I have continued on with no other thought than of making things tell me their story, and then in trying to coax and arrange them to tell this story to the world. 1
Although he had no formal training, Robert Stewart Culin (1858-1929) is known today as an expert on games as well as for his museum work. His influence was not limited to the two great institutions where he spent his career--the University of Pennsylvania and the Brooklyn Museum. Culin was also a founding member of both the American Anthropological Association and the American Folklore Society, and was an experienced collector and exhibitor who organized exhibitions at world's fairs in Madrid (1892) and Chicago (1893).
Culin's collecting methodology in many ways exemplified the attitudes and assumptions of the heyday of anthropological collecting known as the "museum age" (1875-1925). His major focus was to understand the "language of things," which resulted in innovative exhibitions and collaboration with several colleagues, especially in the worlds of fashion and design. He was a meticulous record keeper whose exhaustive documentation practices, unique to museums today, created a level of documentation that set standards in the field. Culin endeavored to document both the meanings and the origins of the objects he collected.
Culin began his career by studying the life and culture of Chinese Americans in Philadelphia. During the 1890s, while employed at the University of Pennsylvania, he turned his attention to Native American culture. After resigning from the University in 1903, Culin was appointed Curator of the Brooklyn Museum's newly established Department of Ethnology. Under the parentage of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences (founded 1890), the Museum was about to embark on a new era, "building up great ethnological collections, sending out expeditions for the acquiring of antiquities, first over all America, then over the entire world" 2
Culin immediately set out on a series of field trips through the Southwest, California, and the Northwest Coast. By 1911, he had collected more than nine thousand Native American objects and acquired or created an astonishing level of attendant documentation. Believing that he had collected everything necessary to represent Native Americans, he turned his interests to the cultures of Asia and finally Eastern Europe. Culin was concerned not only with finding and acquiring objects for the Museum, but also with documenting the maker, the social position of the seller, the circumstances of purchase, the provenance, the use of the object, and the cultural life of the region. Thus, the collection includes information on the cultural and historical context of objects, as seen through Culin's eyes. Like his colleagues, what Culin collected and decided not to collect (both of which are documented here) are important parameters in the history of cultural representation in museums. His opinions and biases are evident throughout the collection.
Culin amassed an extensive research collection, including correspondence, manuscripts (his own and those of others), reports, publications, and clippings. A full visual record complementing the written documentation includes photographs, sketches, watercolors, oil paintings, postcards, and other illustrative study material. The depth and range of the information available in the Culin Archival Collection make it a critical resource for the study of cultural anthropology, art and cultural history, costume and textile design, ethnology, folklore, linguistics, museology, and photography on an international scale. The collection contains valuable information on the development of ethnology as a discipline, on the part played by museums in presenting and interpreting objects and cultures, and on the social and economic consequences, within native communities, of large-scale systematic collecting.
Reflecting Culin's strong interest in Native American cultures, the Archives provides a vivid account of the circumstances under which he collected and of the individuals, native and non-native, who assisted him in the field. His intellectual exchanges with several of his colleagues, such as Franz Boas from the American Museum of Natural History, George Dorsey at the Field Museum, and Frank Hamilton Cushing of the Bureau of American Ethnology, are evident in his extensive correspondence files. Textual and visual materials from Cushing form an important component of the Culin Archives. Cushing, who lived with the Zuni between 1879 and 1884, was a major influence on Culin's choice of Zuni as his main collecting focus in the Southwest. Because of their close personal friendship, Culin acquired a large collection of sketches, photographs, and notes from Cushing's estate; the accompanying correspondence between Culin and Cushing provides a detailed picture of their collaboration.
Culin was among the first curators to recognize the museum installation as an art form in itself and to display ethnological collections as art objects, not as mere specimens. He had a revolutionary interest in the interchange between museum curatorship and contemporary costume and textile designers. Through his close professional relationship with M. D. C. Crawford of Women's Wear he brought the Museum's collections to the attention of the design community. Culin established a study room in the Museum for designers to view the collections and organized traveling exhibitions for department stores around the country. The Crawford correspondence and writings are an important reflection of the evolution of a school of American design. Culin's friendship with artists is also evident in the collection, which contains correspondence from Thomas Eakins and the designer Ruth Reeves, among others.
Under his direction the Museum attained an international reputation, not merely as a rich storehouse of ethnologic material . . . but also as a factory of ideas. He liked to think of a museum--to quote his own words--"not as a place of antiquities and relics, but as preserving the seed of things which may blossom and fruit again" through modern effort. As a result of this point of view, he encouraged in practical ways the use of the Museum material by students, designers and manufacturers, in order that the industrial and artistic life of the country might benefit from it to the full. 3
Chronology of Culin's Life4
|1858||July 13. Born, Philadelphia, Robert Stewart Culin, son of John Culin, merchant, and Mina Barrett Daniel Culin.|
|1873-74||Studied at Nazareth Hall, Nazareth, PA; 3 gold medals.|
|1883-1903||Recording Secretary, Numismatic & Antiquarian Society of Philadelphia.|
|1887||Published first article, “The Practice of Medicine by the Chinese in America.” Published China in America.|
|1888-1903||Founder, Secretary, Oriental Club of Philadelphia.|
|1889||Founding member, American Folklore Society.|
|1890-94||Secretary, Board of Managers, Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania (now University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology).|
|1890||Fellow, American Association for the Advancement of Science.|
|1890-97||Secretary, University Archaeological Association, University of Pennsylvania (merged with Board of Managers in 1899).|
|1892-93||Secretary, U.S. Commission, Columbian Historical Exposition. Organized exhibitions for several Philadelphia institutions.|
|1892-99||Director, Museum of Archaeology and Paleontology, University of Pennsylvania (now University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology).|
March 18. Married Helen Bunker.
Assistant, Dept. of Anthropology, World's Columbian Exposition, Chicago. Organized exhibition of American archaeology and ethnology (focus: games).
|1895||Published Korean Games.|
|1897||President, American Folklore Society.|
Curator, Sections of Asia & General Ethnology, Museum of Archaeology and Paleontology, University of Pennsylvania (now University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology).
Curator, Section of American and Prehistoric Archaeology, Museum of Archaeology and Paleontology, University of Pennsylvania (now University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology).
First expedition: American Southwest.
Paris Exposition. Organized University of Pennsylvania exhibition.
Expedition: American Southwest.
Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo. Organized University of Pennsylvania exhibition.
Member, 2nd Troop, Philadelphia City Cavalry, served in Shenandoah coal strike.
Expedition: American Southwest.
Founding member, American Anthropological Association.
Vice-president, Section H., American Association for the Advancement of Science.
February 13. Appointed Curator of newly formed Department of Ethnology, Museum of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts & Sciences (now the Brooklyn Museum of Art).
Expedition: American Southwest.
|1904||Expedition: American Southwest.|
Expedition: American Southwest and California.
Southwest installation opened.
|1906||Expedition: American Southwest and California.|
Expedition: American Southwest and California.
Published Games of the North American Indian.
Expedition: California and Vancouver.
Rio Grande Pueblo installation opened.
|1909||California installation opened.|
|1909-10||Expedition: China and Japan.|
|1910||Japanese Hall installed.|
California installation completed.
Expedition: American Southwest, California, and Vancouver.
|1912||Northwest Coast installation opened.|
|1912-13||Expedition: China and Japan, including Kurile Islands and Hokaido.|
|1913-14||Expedition: Japan, Korea, China, and India.|
|1915||Avery Collection of Chinese cloisonné installed.|
|1916||Japanese, Chinese, and Indian collections installed.|
April 11. Married Alice Mumford Roberts (1875-1950).
Expedition: Long Island.
|1918||Textile study room created.|
January. Contributing Editor, Design Department, Women's Wear.
European collections installed.
Exhibition: Textiles, Costumes, Dolls, & Painted Furniture from Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Roumania, & Montenegro.
Exhibitions: Primitive Negro Art; European Costumes, Textiles, & Ceramics.
|1925-26||Ethnological collections moved from American Halls to new Ethnological Galleries in East Wing.|
|1925||December 8. Rainbow House installation opened.|
Exhibition: Peasant Arts of Czechoslovakia.
Advisor, Palace of Fashion, and member of the New York State committee, Philadelphia Sesquicentennial Exposition.
April 22. New Japanese Hall opened.
Chinese Hall of State opened.
May. Pratt Poster Competition, entries inspired by Rainbow House.
Exhibitions: Albanian Costume; Japanese Silk Embroidered Tapestries.
African Hall opened.
|1929||April 8. Died at Amityville, Long Island.|
A year after Culin's death in 1929, the Brooklyn Museum purchased his library and archival collection from his widow, an acquisition that included both institutional records and personal papers. The library materials were accessioned into the Museum Library and the archival materials were placed in storage. The bulk of the Culin Archival Collection remained there until the 1970s, although some of the expedition reports and parts of the correspondence files were removed by the Museum Library and several curatorial departments over the years. In 1980, Chief Librarian Margaret B. Zorach surveyed curatorial departments and created a list of materials separated from the collection.
In 1984, with grant support from the National Science Foundation, curatorial staff in the Department of African, Oceanic, and New World Art (now the Department of the Arts of Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas) undertook an inventory of the Native American object collections that had been acquired by Culin. As part of the project, staff organized archival materials that related to the Native American collections in order to gain access to the critical object documentation they contained. The remaining archival materials were removed from storage in 1986 as part of a National Historical Publications and Records Commission grant-funded project that supported the organization of the Museum Archives. Also in 1986, a grant was received from the National Endowment for the Humanities, Office of Preservation, for the Museum Library to preserve rare research material that was originally acquired by Culin.
In 1991, the Native American archival materials were reunited with the rest of the Culin Archival Collection. That same year, Culin and the Native American objects he collected were the subject of an exhibition and catalogue, Objects of Myth and Memory: American Indian Art at The Brooklyn Museum, which was organized by Diana Fane. This was the first major effort to reconstruct Culin's collecting and exhibition methodologies in relation to the objects themselves. The Culin Archival Collection was a primary resource for the exhibition and catalogue research and, indeed, several items from the Archival Collection, including one of the Expedition Reports, were displayed in this major traveling exhibition.
In 1992, the Museum Library received a two-year grant from the National Endowment for the Humanities to preserve and arrange the Culin Archival Collection. The grant, from the Preservation and Access Program, allowed the Museum to accomplish the following: organization of the collection into a logical series; preservation of materials, including reproduction, rehousing and treatment when appropriate; creation of folder-level descriptions and data entry; inventory of all visual materials; a survey of Culin records in other North American repositories; creation of MARC/AMC records in RLIN; and writing and distribution of this finding aid. Treatment of several photographs was accomplished with funding from the New York State Library Conservation/Preservation Program in 1994.
With increased accessibility, the Culin Archival Collection housed at the Brooklyn Museum of Art now serves as the core documentation of Culin's career and the Museum collections he acquired.
In addition to this finding aid, several database tables have been developed to provide more detailed access to the collection: folder-level descriptions, an index to the Expedition Reports, and inventories of Expedition Report illustrations and of photographs.
The folder description database provides free-text search capability to brief synopses of folder contents for all materials in the collection. Thus, researchers may specify names, topics, titles, and types of materials (i.e. clippings, brochures) that are of interest and receive a list of folders whose descriptions contain those terms. The date range information included in the database allows researchers to select materials from a particular part of Culin's life. It should be noted that, although the folder descriptions are extensive, they are by no means exhaustive. Only information deemed of some significance was recorded.
The expedition reports present the researcher with a difficult problem, since the only original point of access is Culin's itinerary. Therefore, both texts and images have been indexed in separate database tables. The primary access point for the images (photographs, art works, postcards, and ephemera) is the original caption (both Culin's caption and any printed information); when necessary, descriptive captions were created. Photographs in other series have been inventoried in the same manner.
Processing, arrangement and description
Culin project staff observed the following processing guidelines: all foreign matter was removed and, when necessary, replaced with stable materials; folded materials were flattened; deteriorating paper was photocopied and removed; oversized materials were removed to appropriate containers; photographs were removed and placed in photograph storage; all materials removed were replaced by a separation sheet noting their disposition.
Because the collection was very disordered and had been worked on at various times over the years, an organizational scheme was created by project staff. This scheme was intended to provide a framework based on the perceived order and logic of the materials; decisions that would have required major reorganization (for example, bringing together all exhibition information in one series) were rejected. Folders retain their original contents (though some have been combined) and folders that were found in groups remain together.
Series and subseries titles reflect the imposed scheme; folder titles, whenever possible, transcribe information from the original folder or enclosure. Folder descriptions were created during processing and are intended to provide information on significant correspondents and topics covered.
Terminology and Abbreviations
The title, "Culin Archival Collection," reflects the need to differentiate the archival holdings from the objects that Culin acquired, which were already known in the Museum as the "Culin Collection."
In creating folder descriptions, project staff used Culin's own words when transcribing titles or describing records but have used more up-to-date terminology for native groups and names of regions in the finding aid. In particular, there is a consciously chosen dichotomy between Culin's use of "American Indian" and the use of "Native American" in the finding aid. In the database, spelling has generally been regularized to make searching more effective.
Scope and Content
|Culin Archival Collection|
|Series 1:||General correspondence|
|1.1 University of Pennsylvania appointment|
|1.2 correspondence (incoming & outgoing)|
|1.3 correspondence (outgoing)|
|1.4 correspondence (incoming & outgoing)|
|Series 2:||Collecting expeditions|
|2.1 expedition reports|
|2.3 financial records|
|2.4 Tschudy paintings|
|Series 3:||Department of Ethnology|
|3.1 general correspondence|
|3.3 daily notes|
|3.5 exhibitions & installations|
|3.6 financial records|
|4.1 general correspondence|
|4.2 North American Indians|
|4.3 catalogue cards|
|4.4 ledger books|
|Series 5:||Research & writings|
|5.1 correspondence & notes|
|5.2 lectures & writings|
|Series 6:||Cushing collection|
|7.1 North American Indian|
|Series 9:||Brinton memorial|
|Series 10:||Organizations & memberships|
|Series 11:||Visual materials|
|Series 12:||Printed matter|
The Culin Archival Collection documents the life and work of ethnologist and museum curator Stewart Culin; his role in developing the collections of the Department of Ethnology at the Brooklyn Museum (now the Brooklyn Museum of Art); his efforts to present the collections to the public through exhibitions, installations, and public program; and his research on Native American, Asian, and Eastern European cultures. The materials found here are a composite of both personal papers and institutional records, since Culin's scholarly research frequently overlapped with his curatorial duties at the Brooklyn Museum. The collection primarily covers Culin's Brooklyn Museum tenure (1903-1928), but also includes records related to his research in Philadelphia as a young man and to his work at the University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology. In addition, some Brooklyn Museum records predate or postdate Culin's years at the Museum, reflecting this collection's role as a segment of the Records of the Department of the Arts of Africa, the Pacific, and the Americas.
The collection is comprised of a wide variety of materials, including: correspondence; expedition records, including field diaries, reports, and acquisition and expense records; exhibition and installation records; object records, including inventories, acquisition records, and research files; writings, both published and unpublished; research materials, including photographs, clippings, documentary art work, and publications; records of a personal nature, such as scrapbooks and family correspondence; financial records; and a variety of ephemera.
Culin's voluminous correspondence and his expedition reports form the heart and bulk of this collection, as they are the most complete and clear in their representation of Culin's work. The expedition reports are more than a dry recitation of items collected, from whom and where they were obtained; Culin's reports are filled with personal observations and reflections that bring the collecting process alive. The correspondence is revelatory in its abundance and diversity, documenting Culin's professional work as well as his private interests. Correspondence with his peers at the Museum, fellow ethnologists, collectors, and dealers are intermixed with personal letters to family and friends. In many cases, a personal bond is developed from a professional relationship, as seen in the letters to ethnologist Frank Hamilton Cushing (Bureau of American Ethnology), artist Thomas Eakins, and fashion expert M. D. C. Crawford (editor, Women's Wear, Fairchild Publications).
Institutional records documenting the work of the Brooklyn Museum's Department of Ethnology are represented not only in a self-contained series, but also appear in other series throughout the collection. Culin's most important projects are often documented in several series, including general correspondence, exhibitions, and writings files in addition to the Department of Ethnology files. Many records document the systematic aspects of Culin's curatorial work, among them chapbooks, catalogue cards, ledgers, financial records, and exhibition labels. The 22,000 catalogue cards alone comprise fully one half of the shelf space of this collection.
The writings found here reveal much about Culin's scholarly activities and interests. Research notes, manuscripts and typescripts, articles, and lectures are found throughout the collection. The range of his work stretches from brief pieces on ethnological topics and short stories drawn from his own experiences to lengthy typescripts for two unpublished books.
Other important elements include the Cushing collection, which contains material that grew out of a collaborative effort between Culin and Frank Hamilton Cushing to document games of the world. Cushing's correspondence and the accompanying collection of sketches and photographs provide valuable documentation of his research methods. Special projects and organizations with which Culin was involved, such as expositions, professional groups, and the Brinton memorial, are also documented.
Culin's abilities as an inveterate collector went beyond his work for the Museum collections; the results are evident in the many interesting and important collections of ephemeral and printed material that exist throughout this collection. There is a large collection of didactic and illustrative material, as well as scrapbooks documenting his interest in the Chinese-American community, World War I international politics, and his own professional and personal life.
Additional records from Culin's tenure, particularly those relating to art objects in the collection, are still to be found in the Registrar's Office and some curatorial departments.
Series 1: General correspondence
|Dates||1886-1929 (bulk 1919-1929)|
|Extent||33 DB, 1 volume, 93 photos (13.75 l.f.)|
Throughout Stewart Culin's professional life there was a constant stream of correspondence between him and his colleagues and peers. This series covers correspondence with Culin's fellow museum professionals, artists and designers, dealers, traders and collectors, exposition directors and exhibitors, students and would-be protégés, editors, authors, translators, and merchants. There are also many letters of appreciation or query from the general public familiar with his work. The strength of this collection of letters is in its diversity and depth in both subjects and range of correspondents.
It should be noted that the subseries are all interrelated and are separated only because of form or arrangement. With the exception of subseries 1.1, all contain correspondence that is closely related to Series 3: Department of Ethnology.
Subseries 1.1: University of Pennsylvania appointment
|Extent||1 folder (0.1 l.f.)|
This subseries contains letters of recommendation for Culin's appointment at the University of Pennsylvania as Lecturer in Ethnography and American Archaeology. The respondents to W. Romaine Newbold's (Dean of the Department of Philosophy at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia) letter of request for recommendation include Adolf Bastian (Director, Museum für Völkerkunde, Berlin), Daniel Brinton (Professor of Anthropology, University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia), George Dorsey (Curator, Field Columbian Museum, Chicago), and William Holmes (Curator, United States National Museum, Washington, D.C.). The letters are laudatory and specifically cite Culin's articles and exhibitions.
Subseries 1.2: correspondence (incoming and outgoing)
|Extent||5 DB, 3 photos (2.0 l.f.)|
Reflecting Culin's work as an ethnologist, these letters come primarily from colleagues and peers in the profession. Most of the letters concern issues directly related to collecting or to the profession itself, though there is a small amount that covers his personal or social life. While the majority of this subseries is letters written to Culin, a few of his responses are also included.
Curator George Dorsey (Field Columbian Museum, Chicago) writes of collecting trips in Spain, China, and Japan. Thomas Keam, a collector and trader of Native American objects, discusses Navajo and Zuni objects and cultural traditions. An early correspondent is Lee Chin Sun, who writes of the difficulty of learning English and of being Chinese in America; he expresses his gratefulness to Culin for helping him to make the transition. While Culin's expertise on games and gambling devices is evidenced in letters from colleagues and students, his correspondence extends well beyond the world of museums and academia. For example, there are letters concerning the translation of Korean texts related to games from a member of the Korean Legation. Attorneys also made inquiries about games such as Parcheesi, seeking Culin's advice in the initiation or resolution of lawsuits.
Several of the writers corresponded with Culin over long periods of time. Charles H. Read, whose career at the British Museum was contemporaneous with Culin's, maintained both professional and social contact with Culin for thirty years. The American painter Thomas Eakins kept in contact with Culin during the last third of the artist's life. He wrote of their common interest in the Oriental Club and the Faculty Club in Philadelphia. He also discussed works of art (both his and works by others), including his portrait of Frank Hamilton Cushing, and the various social engagements that were shared with Culin (including a boxing match!).
Culin's relationship with the Brooklyn Museum is also traced in these letters. The letter from Franklin W. Hooper, Director of the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences (the Brooklyn Museum's parent organization), inviting Culin to be Curator of the newly formed Department of Ethnology is included here. And, too, discussion of the possibility of Culin leaving the Brooklyn Museum apparently for a newly planned Philadelphia museum of art is found in the 1915-16 letters of both John Wanamaker and Charles H. Read.
Subseries 1.3: correspondence (outgoing)
|Extent||1 volume (0.1 l.f.)|
This letter press book contains copies of Culin's letters written during his first four years at the Brooklyn Museum. The letters primarily concern museum business and the collecting of Native American materials in the Southwest.
Of the 202 letters, nearly half are written to Franklin W. Hooper, Director of the Brooklyn Institute and Culin's primary supervisor, regarding a range of topics from the acquisition of collections to the security of Culin's office during his absence while on collecting expeditions. Included are such topics as Native American objects traded to the Field Columbian Museum, Native Americans of the Southwest, Japan, acquisition expenses, games, gambling sticks, and general museum business. Culin's letters to Alfred G. Mayer (Curator-in-Chief, the Brooklyn Museum) discuss Southwest Native American topics, including the Zuni costume worn by fellow ethnologist Frank Hamilton Cushing, and the portrait of Cushing by Thomas Eakins. Other important correspondents include George Dorsey (Field Columbian Museum, Chicago) and Andrew Vanderwagen, a trader in Native American objects.
Subseries 1.4: correspondence (incoming and outgoing)
|Extent||28 DB, 90 photos (11.75 l.f.)|
A large and diverse collection of materials, this subseries details Culin's daily museum, professional, scholarly, and personal activities. Of primary importance is the wide-ranging correspondence that discusses the acquisition, interpretation, and display of artifacts, as well as documentation of museum administrative matters. Culin's influence and resources went far beyond the Brooklyn Museum, as evidenced by his correspondence with an international community ranging from museum personnel to people in the design and textile industry, dealers and collectors both professional and amateur, and a warm circle of personal friends. The development of Culin's extensive research library is documented here; his generosity is evident in frequent loans of books and objects to individuals studying a wide variety of topics. Included in this subseries are many clippings and ephemeral materials and a small number of photographs and typescripts. It should be noted that, while some of these were physically or intellectually attached to specific letters, others appear to have been included only because of the dictates of the chronological filing system.
A considerable amount of correspondence with the directors, trustees, and colleagues at the Brooklyn Museum, among them Frank Babbott, Edward Blum, and Walter Crittenden (trustees) and W. H. Fox (Director), document museum activities in great detail. The topics range from purchases and gifts to the Brooklyn Museum, loans to other institutions and department stores, the Museum Governing Committee, and major installations such as the Rainbow House (1925-26) and exhibitions such as Primitive Negro Art (1923).
Ever vigilant in the search for new acquisitions, Culin's correspondence reveals the wide range of resources that he drew upon for purchases and donations to the Brooklyn Museum. From dealers and collectors to the missionary just returned from Asia, Culin made queries to or received queries from all possible sources. For example, he communicated with dealer William O. Oldman regarding objects from Africa, Tibet, Morocco, and the Middle East; with Hassan Khan Monif, owner of the Persian Antique Gallery in New York City, concerning Persian textiles and the Hamza-nama miniature paintings; and with Edward Barrett, an importer with offices in New York and Siberia, about Chinese prayer boards and curtains, as well as decorative arts from Tibet. Other notable dealers include Wise & Co. and Yamanaka & Co.
One example of Culin's many acquisitions are the nine folios of the Hamza-nama, an important series of Indian miniature paintings illustrating the life of Mohammad's uncle Amir Hamza. Culin corresponded with Museum Director William Henry Fox; trustees Frank Babbott and William Crittenden; dealer Monif; German ethnologist and archaeologist Albert A. von leCoq; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; Edward Stevens, Librarian of Pratt Institute; and M. D. C. Crawford, Women's Wear editor, concerning the purchase and provenance of these paintings.
Among Culin's peers and colleagues in the United States and Europe, Louis Clarke (Curator, University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Ethnology, Philadelphia), John deVegh (Director, National Museum of Applied Art, Budapest), Berthold Laufer (Curator of Ethnology, Field Columbian Museum, Chicago), Charles Lummis (ethnologist and founder of the Southwest Museum, Los Angeles) are a few of the primary correspondents. The mutual concerns of collecting, exhibition, and publishing appear frequently in these letters. There are also letters from directors and curators at the British Museum; the Commercial Museum, Philadelphia; the Field Columbian Museum, Chicago; the National Museum of Applied Arts, Budapest; The Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York; the Museum für Völkerkunde, Berlin; the Museum of Fine Arts, Boston; the American Museum of Natural History, New York; the Museum of the American Indian, Heye Foundation, New York; the Pennsylvania Museum of Art (now the Philadelphia Museum of Art); and the ;Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C.
In addition to museum professionals, Culin also had a close working relationship with designers and the staff of design institutes, textile manufacturers, and department stores. Aaron & Company, Abraham & Straus, Arditti & Sons, Blanck & Co., Bonwit Teller, Lord & Taylor, Macy & Co., A. Namm & Sons, Wanamaker Co., Edward L. Mayer & Co., and Pratt Institute were all a part of a cooperative circle with Culin. Culin supplied study pieces for the design institutes and manufacturers and arranged for loans of exhibition material to department stores. This relationship is particularly evident in the Primitive Negro Art exhibition (1923), where textile patterns created from Museum objects were used in the creation of new lines of textiles and clothing. The textiles were not only marketed in the department stores but also became a part of the exhibition itself. There is also some correspondence with those who were critical or were aware of criticism of Culin's close work with designers and department stores.
The relationship between the Brooklyn Museum and Pratt Institute is further accounted for in correspondence with Frederic B. Pratt (President) and William Longyear (Professor, School of Fine and Applied Arts), among others. Activities included inviting Pratt students to study in the Museum and display their work in student exhibitions. Frederic Pratt also purchased objects that Culin wanted to acquire for the Museum's collection. Culin, too, assisted in arranging exhibitions at Pratt, including the German Textiles exhibition (1924).
Culin's close working relationship with M. D. C. Crawford (editor, Women's Wear, Fairchild Publications) is extensively documented. Their correspondence is the most frequently encountered in this subseries, with letters between the two men found in two-thirds of the folders. Among the wide-ranging subjects are the International Congress of Americanists, the International Silk Exposition, department stores, the Primitive Negro Art exhibition, development of a study room for designers, textiles, Museum acquisitions, the Pratt Peasant Costume exhibition (1924), the Rainbow House installation, Culin's Road to Beauty manuscript, the Philadelphia Sesquicentennial (1926), the History of the Blouse exhibition at the United Waist League (1922), object loans, and Crawford's books, The Heritage of Cotton (1924) and The History of Silk (1925).
Culin's collaboration with Crawford provided the foundation for the Museum's Industrial Division (1935-46) and Design Laboratory (founded 1947). This collaborative spirit was also reflected in other ongoing professional relationships with designers. For example, the artist Ruth Reeves enjoyed a long and productive association with Culin. Her letters are accompanied by clippings of her lectures and her fashion designs, which were reproduced in Women's Wear illustrations, Christmas cards that she designed, and a numbered etching. Culin's support for designers was not only intellectual but also extended to loans of objects and participation in programs; he conferred with Elizabeth Alexander regarding Museum doll and mask loans for exhibitions at the Arden Gallery, with the Neighborhood Playhouse and Lee Simonson (Theatre Guild) about costume loans for performances, and with the Art Alliance on the subject of art competitions.
In Culin's correspondence, the boundaries between the professional and the personal are often discarded. When he first visited Hungary in 1921, as the country struggled to recover from World War I, he met John deVegh, Director of the National Museum of Applied Arts in Budapest. Culin hired deVegh to ship back his purchases, starting a correspondence that gives a vivid portrait of Hungary at that time, including the difficulties faced by the Hungarian museum. In response to deVegh's letters, Culin attempted to find outlets where Hungarian embroidery could be sold and lectured on Hungarian arts to bring the plight of the country to the attention of Americans. In these efforts Culin corresponded with Charles Winter of the Hungarian Consulate, Walter T. Swingle of the United States Department of Agriculture, and the editor of the Hungarian newspaper Szabadsày. Culin's correspondence with refugee Anna Igumnova, a widow whom he met during that same trip, provides a parallel view of life in eastern Europe at that time, focusing on an individual rather than an institution.
Culin's family life is also documented sporadically throughout this series. His wife, the artist Alice Mumford Culin, loaned paintings to other institutions, and Culin often acted as her agent in these matters. She also painted works related to the Museum collections; Culin discussed these works with his colleagues. The education of Culin's step daughter, Penelope, is another family concern addressed in this subseries, as are housing and financial matters.
Interspersed with the correspondence is a large collection of clippings, many from Women's Wear's"Design Department" and "Romance of Merchandise" columns. The Women's Wearclippings appear most regularly during the first five years (1919-23) of this subseries, and Culin's byline appears on a small percentage of them. There are many clippings documenting the effect of Brooklyn Museum exhibitions and programs on the general population, textile manufacturers, and the museum community in general. For example, one clipping documents the 1921 efforts of Mayor Fiorello Laguardia to install study rooms modeled on those Culin had set up at Brooklyn for designers at The Metropolitan Museum of Art and the American Museum of Natural History. Clippings of newspaper reviews and synopses of Culin's lectures and exhibitions; articles about such topics as Asia, games, clothing, and textiles; and obituaries can be found throughout these correspondence files.
Clippings and correspondence in this subseries document Culin's lectures at various institutions (lecture texts appear in Series 5). His lectures at the Brooklyn Museum, addressing such topics as divination and fortune telling, dolls, playing cards, chess, and puzzles, are similarly chronicled.
A diverse collection of photographs related or attached to the correspondence illustrates and enlivens this subseries. The images include exhibitions such as the History of Cotton as Art and Exhibition of the Arts of the American Indian sponsored by the National Merchandise Buyers' Fair at the Grand Central Galleries in New York (1925); store window displays; objects from Mesoamerica, Africa, Korea, China, Japan, and eastern Europe; and a wide variety of objects, among them dolls, pottery, gloves, costumes, baskets, and tapestries.
Finally, there is an extensive collection of ephemeral material including announcements, programs, flyers, catalogues, invitations, notices, Christmas and New Year's cards, calling cards, and business cards. Loan approval forms, lists of items loaned, invoices, booklets, sketches, press releases, notes, receipts, and labels also appear in this subseries.
Series 2: Collecting expeditions
|Dates||1898-1928 (bulk 1903-1928)|
|Extent||31 volumes, 4 DB, 3 PB, .5SB, 2PB
photos (11.25 l.f.)
Arranged by record format
Culin's primary responsibility at the Brooklyn Museum was to develop the collections of the newly formed Department of Ethnology. Rather than remaining in Brooklyn and purchasing objects from dealers and collectors, Culin took an active approach of systematic ethnological collecting, traveling widely to seek out the most representative and complete sets of objects: "the general policy of this department of the Museum as decided upon at its inception was that of a dependence, as far as possible, upon its own expeditions for exhibition material" 5This method draws on Culin's experience at the University of Pennsylvania, as documented in the three pre-Brooklyn Museum expeditions found in this series.
Culin's Brooklyn Museum expeditions fall into three "units": Native American cultures (1903-08, 1911, 1917); Asia (1909, 1912-13, 1913-14); and eastern Europe (1920-28). His goal was to develop comprehensive collections in each area and the expeditions were planned as a continuing program to that end, as noted by Culin in the Museum's Annual Reports of 1904, 1905, and 1913.
The initial focus on Native American cultures was justified by Culin--they were "nearest at hand . . . of the greatest scientific importance as well as of general interest" 6--and was driven by the prevailing view that Native American cultures were vanishing. Culin continued to concentrate on Native American culture until 1911, when he in essence declared the field exhausted and the collection he assembled for Brooklyn complete.
In the final years of Culin's American collecting, however, a new direction developed. "In the year 1909, it was concluded that however valuable these [Indian] collections might be in themselves, other fields would prove more immediately helpful through the possibility of the application of the collection to the needs of the American artists in connection with industry. This led to the creation of the Oriental collections, the second unit. This practical employment of the Museum's collections led to an examination of other fields, nearer even than the Oriental, leading to the European ethnographical collection, the third unit, from Czechoslovakia, Hungary and Rumania." 7
Culin's collecting expeditions resulted in a rich trove of documentary material about these cultures. Most important are the diary-style expedition reports, which are supplemented by illustrations, ephemera, and appendices. Chapbooks and financial records detail Culin's expenses and purchases. Museum Artist Herbert B. Tschudy accompanied Culin on several expeditions and created a series of watercolors and oil paintings, many of which were used in the Brooklyn Museum installations on the American Southwest and Northwest Coast.
The following list notes the geographic areas and tribal groups visited for each expedition (the former are condensed from the report itineraries, and the latter were identified by curator Ira Jacknis in his 1985 guide to the collection). However, Culin made frequent day trips to different sites in the vicinity of those noted below and may well have visited or discussed other tribal groups. The researcher is urged to consult the reports themselves for more detailed information.
|1901||Archaeological and Ethnological Trips (1901). Louisiana and Arizona. New Orleans; Keams Canyon; Canyon Diablo; First, Second & Third Hopi Mesas; Oraibi; Walpi. Choctaw; Hopi.|
|1902||A Visit to the Indians of New Mexico and Arizona (1902). Zuni; Ganado; Isleta. Zuni; Navajo; Laguna.|
|1903||Collecting Expedition Among the Indians of New Mexico and Arizona (April-September 1903). St. Michaels; Chin Lee; St. Johns; Zuni; Ganado; Gallup. Navajo; Zuni; Acoma; Laguna.|
|1904||Collecting Expedition Among the Indians of New Mexico and Arizona (May-September 1904). Zuni; Chin Lee; St. Michaels; Gallup. Navajo; Zuni.|
|1905||Collecting Expedition Among the Indians of Arizona and California (June-October 1905). Hopi Mesas; Northern California; British Columbia; Gallup; Chicago. Navajo; Hopi; Hupa; Yurok; Northwest Coast.|
|1906||Collecting Expedition Among the Indians of Arizona and California (August-October 1906). Upper and Lower Lake; Ukiah; Gallup; Albuquerque; Washington, DC. Pomo; Navajo; Laguna.|
|1907||Collecting Expedition Among the Indians of New Mexico and California (May-September 1907). Jemez; Hot Springs; Sulphur; Zuni; Gallup; Ukiah; Witter; Upper Lake. Jemez; Cochiti; Navajo; Pomo; Zuni.|
|1908||Collecting Trip Among the Indians of California and Vancouver Island (April-August 1908). Ukiah; Chico; Quincy; Victoria; Los Angeles; Gallup. Pomo; ; Northwest Coast; Navajo.|
|1909||Collecting Trip in China and Japan (June 1909-March 1910). Washington, DC; Ukiah; Tokyo; Yokohama; Sendai; Nikko; Kyoto; Shanghai; Hong Kong; Canton; London. Pomo.|
|1911||Collecting Trip Among the Indians of Oklahoma, New Mexico, California, and Vancouver (May-July 1911). Pawhuska; Santa Fe; Ukiah; Tulare; Victoria, British Columbia; Chicago. Osage; Pomo; Yokuts; Tulare; Northwest Coast; Victoria and Fraser River Salish; Crow.|
|1912||Collecting Trip in Japan, Including a Visit to the Kurile Islands and the Hokaido (May 1912-January 1913). Yokohama; Tokyo; Shana; Sapporo; Sendai; Shiraoi; Kyoto; Victoria; Ukiah; Los Angeles; Chicago. Ainu; Pomo.|
|1913||Collecting Trip to Japan, Korea, China, and India (September 1913-May 1914). (Japan; China; Korea [Brooklyn Museum Quarterly 2 (1914): 75]); Lucknow; Agra; Delhi; Jaipur; Ahmadabad; Bombay; Madras; Kandy (Ceylon); Frankfurt; Berlin; Cologne; Paris; London.|
|1917||Collecting Trip on Long Island and in New England (June-September 1917). Far Rockaway; Bridgehampton; Rhode Island; Massachusetts; Connecticut coast.|
|1920||Collecting Trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Servia, Roumania, and Sweden (June-November 1920). London; Paris; Prague; Pistyan; Budapest; Bucharest.|
|1921||Collecting Expedition in England, France, Czechoslovakia, and Hungary (May-November 1921). London; Paris; Prague; Pistyan; Budapest.|
|1922||Collecting Expedition in France, Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Austria, Belgium, and England (May-September 1922). London; Paris; Madrid; Niebla; Seville; Lisbon; Budapest; Pistyan; Vienna; Prague; Brussels.|
|1923||Collecting Trip in Germany, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Austria, Belgium, France, and England (July-November 1923). Hamburg; Berlin; Leipzig; Prague; Bratislava; Pistyan; Vienna; Munich; Brussels; Paris; London.|
|1926||Collecting Trip in Scotland, England, France, Czechoslovakia, and Germany (June-September 1926). Edinburgh; Paris; Strasbourg; Nancy; Stuttgart; Prague; Pressburg; Pistyan; ;;Nuremberg; Aix-la-Chapelle; London.|
|1927||Collecting Trip in London, Paris, Czechoslovakia, Germany, and France (June-September 1927). London; Paris; Prague; Pistyan; Berlin; Montreaux.|
|1928||Collecting Trip in London, Czechoslovakia, Austria, and Paris (June-September 1928). London; Prague; Pistyan; Vienna; Paris.|
Subseries 2.1: expedition reports
|Extent||31 volumes, 3DB, .5 SB, 2 PB photos (11 l.f.)|
On his many collecting expeditions, Culin kept detailed documentation of the people he met, the communities he visited, and the objects he acquired. Although Culin's manuscript notebooks are extant only for the 1926 and 1927 trips (an undated diary also exists), formal typescripts of the diaries were prepared on his return for presentation to Museum trustees. These expedition reports are heavily illustrated, containing photographs, drawings, newspaper clippings, correspondence, postcards, and assorted ephemera Culin collected in his travels.
Descriptive emphasis in the reports is on collecting: from whom and under what circumstances objects were obtained; in many cases the history and use of the object are detailed. Not all acquisitions are included, however, nor are objects always positively identified, and there are occasionally gaps where insertion of names of people, places, and objects seems to have been intended. Museum Registrar Barbara LaSalle noted accession numbers in some volumes during her tenure (1963-89). Culin's chapbooks and purchase lists (subseries 2.2 and 2.3) provide additional data on his acquisitions, as do the catalogue cards and ledger books found in Series 4.
In addition to his collecting activities, Culin's narrative is also devoted to description of other museums and their exhibitions; his visits to collectors, dealers, donors, and makers of objects; and often extensive description of his physical journeying, fellow passengers, lodgings, meals, and entertainments. Two reports also include detailed appendices: Census of the Zuni Indians (1904), by Dr. E. F. Davis; and Origin of the Navajo Order of Naal'oi baka, by Father Juvenal Schnorbus, and Zuni Notes, a transcription of interviews with Nick Graham (Zuni Nick), both from 1907.
From 1904 to 1923, decorative frontispieces were created for the reports by Museum Artist Herbert Bolivar Tschudy (H. B. Judy), who accompanied Culin on several expeditions (see also subseries 2.4). In most cases, an itinerary precedes the narrative and includes place of visit, mileage, mode of travel, and corresponding page numbers. Between 1903 and 1917, when Culin stopped including mileage in the itineraries, he traveled an astonishing 99,453 miles by rail, steamer, wagon, and on horseback. His travels ranged from summer journeys of three to four months, to extended trips to Asia that lasted nearly an entire year.
Culin collected actively on his expeditions throughout North America and British Columbia, acquiring thousands of objects between 1903 and 1911 and describing many in great detail. The reports for the Southwest contain many photographs, including images by noted photographers Ben Wittick and A. C. Vroman, as well as by Culin himself. In comparison, Culin's reports from China and Japan provide less detailed information about objects, although he continued to describe his travels in great detail. Though they hold few original photographs, these later reports are heavily illustrated with postcards, business cards, menus and other ephemeral material. When Culin turned his attention to eastern Europe, he focused his collecting on costumes and textiles, which are depicted in numerous postcards. In addition to description of his travels, Culin includes a great deal of political commentary in these later reports.
Several individuals--primarily dealers, collectors, and museum professionals--feature prominently in the reports, assisting Culin on his travels and in collecting. On the American trips, traders such as Charles L. Day, J. L. Hubbell, John Hudson, Thomas Keam, Charles Lummis, C. F. Newcombe, Andrew Vanderwagen, as well as the Franciscan Brothers at St. Michaels were instrumental in guiding Culin. In Asia, John Batchelor, Lockwood DeForest, K. O. Kusakabi, Dr. Neil Gordon Munro, Frederick Starr, Toko Takayemagi, and Yeto Takemashi provided valuable assistance. Finally, Louis Clarke, John deVegh, Andrew LeCoq and William O. Oldman are noted in the reports from Culin's European trips.
The reports in this subseries comprise primarily trips funded by the Brooklyn Museum's parent organization, the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences. Three University of Pennsylvania Museum expeditions are also included (1900, 1901, and 1902), as well as a folder of menus, bills, flyers, programs, business cards, and postcards from Culin's first trip to Europe in 1898.
Subseries 2.2: chapbooks
|Extent||24 volumes in one PB (.25 l.f.)|
A methodical collector, Culin kept track of his travel expenses and object purchases in a series of pocket notebooks, preserved in this subseries. The entries are brief, limited to date, a word or two of description, and price; in some cases Culin later added accession numbers to the object entries.
Subseries 2.3: financial records
|Extent||1 DB (.5 l.f.)|
Upon returning home, Culin was presumably required to submit expense reports, resulting in the materials in this subseries. Typed purchase lists, voucher numbers, travel expense lists, and receipts provide a valuable adjunct to the object documentation in the other subseries. Additional materials of this type may be found in the Registrar's Office.
Subseries 2.4: Tschudy paintings
|Extent||58 items in 2 PB (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by medium, then chronologically
Museum Artist Herbert B. Tschudy (who used the spelling Judy until circa 1914) accompanied Culin on several of his early expeditions, as did New York City artist A. W. Groll, recording scenes on site and in color. Tschudy's murals and watercolors were installed in the Museum's Gallery of Ethnology and Department of Natural History. Culin noted in 1905 that "an attempt has been made by the aid of Mr. Judy's paintings and sketches to give an idea of the southwestern country and afford an artistic and instructive setting for the collection" Tschudy traveled frequently throughout his career; his trips to the Bahamas, throughout the American West, and to France, Italy, and Switzerland are documented in Museum records.
Ten small oil paintings on board and forty-eight watercolors, executed by Tschudy on expeditions between 1904 and 1910, document scenes and Native American people in New Mexico, Arizona, California, and British Columbia. A photograph of Tschudy painting in Arizona appears in the 1904 expedition report.
Series 3: Department of Ethnology
|Dates||1895-1928 (bulk 1903-1928)|
|Extent||4 DB, 3 PB, 20 photos (2.5 l.f.)|
Consisting primarily of correspondence, financial records, and installation and exhibition documentation, this series of administrative files tracks the activities of the Department of Ethnology. Though not exhaustive, this series contains information on the collections acquired by Culin, from their acquisition to their exhibition. The smaller subseries of reports, daily notes, and inventories provides more detailed information on some portions of the collection and on Culin's activities.
There are many gaps in this series, some of which may be due to Culin's absence while on collecting expeditions.
Subseries 3.1: general correspondence
|Dates||1901-1926 (bulk 1903-1918)|
|Extent||1DB, 3 folders, 10 photos (.75 l.f.)|
Arranged chronologically and by subject
Closely related to Series 1: general correspondence (particularly subseries 1.4), this subseries contains many of the same correspondents and topics. The Director and curators of the Brooklyn Museum, publishers and editors, educators, designers, and collectors are all found as correspondents in these letters. Major topics include the acquisition, exhibition, and loan of collections ranging from opium pipes to the Samuel P. Avery cloisonné collection. The initial planning, creation, and reception of a collections study room for use by student and professional designers is also found in these letters. In addition, there are clippings, brochures, invitations, tickets, catalogues, and other ephemeral material, including a program for Culin's Rainbow House lecture series.
Subseries 3.2: reports
|Dates||1905-1928 (bulk 1916-1928)|
|Extent||2 folders (.1 l.f.)|
These monthly and annual reports give an overall view of the work of the department. Annual reports occur sporadically from 1905 to 1922. Included is a typescript labeled "Department of Ethnology, Statement of Work Done to January 1905," which summarizes the history of the department and lists some of the more important acquisitions and exhibitions prior to Culin's coming to the Museum. In the Brooklyn Museum Annual Report, these reports appear as the "Report on the Department of Ethnology" or as a portion of the "Report of the Director."
The monthly reports (1916-26) are generally one page in length and do not always appear consistently throughout the year. Some of the monthly reports are compilations of several months' worth of activity. The reports give a summary of recent installations, the number of cases constructed for display, labeling completed, and other information such as Culin's upcoming travel and collection plans.
Subseries 3.3: daily notes
|Extent||1 folder (.1 l.f.)|
This chronological log documents Culin's daily work routine, including visitors, phone calls, meetings, loans, purchases, auctions, and short journeys. The brief entries, usually three to ten lines long, were written regularly in 1920 (January to June), 1924-26, and 1927 (February to October). Culin is referred to as "the Curator" and it is not certain whether it was Culin or someone else who kept the log.
Subseries 3.4: inventories
|Extent||1 folder (.1 l.f.)|
These lists of Museum storage boxes and filing cases appear to be the working papers and final copies of inventories taken in 1919 and 1920. Annotated, the inventories differentiate between material belonging to the Museum and objects that were a part Culin's personal collection.
Subseries 3.5: : exhibitions & installations
|Extent||3 folders, 3 PB, 10 photos .75 (.75 l.f.)|
Arranged chronologically and by subject
This subseries consists of exhibition files and labels. The exhibition files contain material about only three of Culin's exhibitions and installations: Primitive Negro Art (1923), Albanian Costume (1928), and Japanese Silk Embroidered Tapestries belonging to Mr. Karl Schraubstadter (1928). Arranged chronologically within each exhibition file, the documents generally concern the opening events of the exhibition, including correspondence, clippings, press releases, speech typescripts, and ephemeral material related to special events or guests invited to participate. There are also brief typescripts regarding the California and Northwest Coast Indians, and a press release and clipping about the opening of the Japanese Gallery in 1927.
The approximately two hundred exhibition labels housed here make up the greater portion of this subseries and are a useful source of object documentation. The labels are arranged both by topic and chronologically. Though not always consistent, the label will generally include the object name and its date, where and when the object was collected, and the Museum accession number. Some of the tags and labels appear to have been acquired with the purchase of a collection. A small amount of miscellaneous material is housed with the labels, including object tags and lists of objects, which include accession numbers. Also found here are a few labels attributed to Culin's successor, Herbert Spinden.
Subseries 3.6: financial records
|Extent||1 DB, 3 folders (.75 l.f.)|
Arranged by record format
Consisting mostly of receipts and invoices, this subseries is arranged chronologically by format. The records document the object name, price, vendor, and date of purchase during the 1920s. Among these purchases are the acquisition of African objects from William O. Oldman; Chinese and Albanian costumes from D. Arditti, importer; Tibetan paintings from Yamanaka & Co.; copper, wood, and stone figures from S. M. Frank & Co.; and Balinese paintings from Orientalia. Book purchases for 1900 to 1923 are arranged alphabetically by bookseller. There are also travel receipts, registered mail receipts, and some of Culin's personal tax records from the 1920s.
Series 4: Objects
|Extent||2 DB, 12 volumes, 22,000 catalogue cards, 2 PB photos (34.25 l.f.)|
Subseries 4.1: general correspondence
|Dates||1894-1928 (bulk 1912-1928)|
|Extent||1 DB, 105 photos (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by geographic area
The correspondence between Culin and the various collectors, traders, and dealers who helped him assemble the Museum collections parallels and overlaps that found in Series 1 but focuses more specifically on the objects themselves. Among the geographic areas covered in these letters are China, India, Japan, Persia, Africa, and eastern Europe. Correspondence with two important Brooklyn Museum donors, Samuel P. Avery and Robert Woodward, documents the Museum's cloisonné and jade collections; the purchase of the Frederick Starr Ainu collection is also covered. There are lists and typescripts that describe many of the objects in detail, as well as other materials including notes, memos, clippings, catalogues, labels, business cards, invoices, statements, receipts, photographs, and samples of forms from the Field Columbian Museum, Chicago, and the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia.
Subseries 4.2: North American Indian
|Extent||1 DB, 1 volume, 62 photos (.6 l.f.)|
Arranged by region
Similar in content and record type to subseries 4.1, the material here provides details of Culin's extensive work with collectors and dealers of Native American objects. While the American Southwest is the primary focus, there is also material on other native groups; among the tribes represented are the Zuni, Navajo, Hopi, Tlingit, Pomo, Winnebago, Osage, and Ponca. The letters that describe objects offered for sale are primarily incoming and so often do not include Culin's responses; thus, the final outcome of many of the offers is not apparent.
Included in this subseries are an English-Zuni, Zuni-English dictionary compiled by Andrew Vanderwagen and a typescript by Father Noël Dumarest, "Notes on Cochiti," with observations on the life passages and rituals of that tribe. There are also lists of objects available for sale from various collectors and traders, as well as notes, typescripts, lecture programs, and photographs.
Subseries 4.3: catalogue cards
|Extent||22,000 cards (31.5 l.f.)|
Each of the 22,000 cards in this subseries contains cataloging data, including the object number Culin assigned in the field, the Museum accession number, object name, country or state and locality, date collected, collector, and funding source, as well as people and notes associated with the object. In addition to his own acquisitions for the Brooklyn Museum, Culin cataloged objects that existed in the Museum's collection before his arrival, which are assigned object numbers 1 through 2900 and dated 1901-2.
Subseries 4.4: ledger books
|Extent||11 volumes (1.75 l.f.)|
These eleven ledger books record Culin's acquisitions in numerical and chronological order (though there are some gaps and backdated objects). The entries include the Museum accession number, object type, collection date and place, collector, and price. The first ledger records acquisitions that occurred before Culin's tenure and new objects continued to be recorded after Culin's death. Although the ledger book entries were closed in 1933, annotations continue to be made by the Registrar's Office (now in a photocopied set of the volumes).
Series 5: Research and writings
|Extent||5 DB, 1 volume, 19 photos (2.5 l.f.)|
Culin's expansive research interests led him to collect research materials in many areas to support his work in the Museum as well as his writings and lectures. Culin wrote much more than was ever actually published (see bibliography); the articles, lectures, and manuscripts in this series cover topics from Japanese dolls to Albanian costumes, from mission-style furniture to wall hangings and painted curtains, and from customs and religion to dyes and cotton prints. Two typescripts for unpublished books are included in this series, as are short pieces of fiction and biographical material.
His research and writings about games, for which he is perhaps best known, are found in Series 7.
Subseries 5.1: correspondence and notes
|Extent||3.5 DB, 2 photos (1.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by subject
Research notes, articles, and correspondence related to the research and publication of Culin's own writings are found in this subseries. Though Culin collected articles on diverse subject matter, most of the material here concerns Asian topics, including a sizable collection of translations of Japanese texts about customs and objects, among these The Wonderful News of the Circumnavigation, a shipwreck account related to the "Narrative of Nakahama Manjiro" (see subseries 5.2). An illustrated manuscript, “Haban ceramics, ”is also included. The correspondence is chiefly related to the publication of Culin's writings. Among the correspondents are L. D. Froelick (Asia), W. L. Harris and H. Frohne ( Good Furniture Magazine), L. Davies (Franklin Printing Co.), and various editors at the Encyclopaedia Britannica. The receipts for writings sold to these and other publications may be found with the related correspondence. There are also clippings, illustrations, Chinese paper charms, book catalogs and advertisements, brochures, and pamphlets.
Subseries 5.2: lectures and writings
|Extent||1.5 DB, 1 volume, 17 photos (1 l.f.)|
Arranged by subject
This subseries contains manuscripts, typescripts, and reprints of Culin's writings. The subject matter of his writings and lectures varies widely, but generally falls into the same three categories noted in Series 2: ethnological studies of Native American, Asian, and eastern European customs and objects. There are typescripts of lectures about Asian culture and design, and a bound volume of lectures entitled, Indians of the Southwest. Two major unpublished typescripts, “The Road to Beauty” and “The Narrative of Nakahama Manjiro”, are included in this subseries, as are a few "Culin stories," fictional pieces based upon his experiences.
In a letter to M. D. C. Crawford, Culin described his Road to Beauty: "Starting with Budapest, it follows place by place, the story of a search for beauty in its relation to everyday activities, chiefly textiles and clothes." The twenty-five chapters were to carry the reader from Budapest to Bucharest; Culin hoped eventually to supplement the work with a series covering the Orient. The manuscript was never published, although correspondence toward that goal may be found throughout the later years of Subseries 1.4. Culin later reused the title for an article in the Brooklyn Museum Quarterly, 8 a short celebratory address on the opening of the Rainbow House.
Biographical material, bibliographies of Culin's publications, reprints of his “Primitive American Art” and “The Magic of Color” articles, and a few pamphlets complete this subseries.
Series 6: Cushing collection
|Extent||6 DB, 1 volume, 2 PB, 2 PB photos (3 l.f.)|
Frank Hamilton Cushing (1857-1900), an anthropologist best known for his work among the Zuni, became acquainted with Culin in Washington at the Bureau of American Ethnology, where Cushing worked, and through their participation in exhibitions at the World's Columbian Exposition in Chicago in 1893. Cushing and Culin established a close professional and personal relationship, in particular collaborating on a massive project to document games of the world. Cushing's admiration of Culin is clear: "You are imbued with the spirit and strong breath of the New Anthropology; that is with a warrant of original thinking." 9
Chronicling Culin and Cushing's collaboration, as well as Cushing's own work, this series contains letters from Cushing, typescripts and drafts of his writings, a large group of sketches, and photographs. The Cushing material, particularly the sketches, presumably came into or remained in Culin's hands because of the collaborative nature of the two ethnologists' work and Cushing's premature death. The correspondence is an extension of general correspondence in Series 1; additional Cushing correspondence may be found in Series 7: Games.
Subseries 6.1: correspondence
|Extent||1 DB (.5 l.f.)|
This series consists entirely of incoming letters from Cushing to Culin, representing one side of a weekly and even daily exchange of letters that stretched from 1893 until just five days before Cushing's death in April 1900 (Cushing's letter of April 5, 1900, is believed to be the last before his death). While the primary subject matter of the letters is their collaborative study of games, Cushing's letters make clear that he and Culin had an ongoing and intense exchange of ideas about many other aspects of ethnology. The cross-fertilization of their interests is clear, with connections made between Native American and Asian games and frequent exchanges of specimens, sketches, and publications. The positive energy brought to preparing materials on which the other depended and the pressure of deadlines is also clear from Cushing's letters. The development of Cushing's theories is evident in explanations of his ideas.
Cushing's letters reveal not only the professional but also the personal. His health was a frequent concern, and problems were often detailed in his letters; Cushing's concern for Culin's health is also evident. The two visited each other frequently, occasions noted in the letters, and enjoyed a cordial relationship that included both their wives.
Subseries 6.2: writings
|Extent||1 DB (.5 l.f.)|
A small group of drafts of letters and texts on loose sheets of ruled notepad paper, ranging from a page or two to nearly a hundred pages on a single topic, may be found here. The focus, as above, is primarily on games but includes writings on Key Marco and other subjects. Small sketches illustrating the texts occasionally appear. Also included are typescripts of “An Instance of Zuni Worm Surgery” and “Zuni Breadstuff.” The latter, Cushing's extensive study of Zuni foods (particularly corn) and the myths, ceremonies, and daily customs associated with them, was published in The Millstone of Indianapolis, where it appeared as a series in 1884 and 1885.
Subseries 6.3: sketches
|Extent||4 DB (1.75 l.f.)|
Arranged by subject (imposed)
This collection of more than one thousand sketches documents Cushing's eye for detail. The sketches, ranging from thumbnail pencil drawings of small objects to completed pen and ink renditions, illuminate an important facet of Cushing's comparative work and were often used to illustrate published studies. Several large panels include groups of related sketches and may well have been didactics for an exhibition or mockups for a planned publication. A few sketches appear to be in a different hand, but other artists are not identified.
Subjects range from animal and bird studies to objects from various cultures, especially the Southwest, and people and landscapes. Important groups of sketches document the Zuni, including the Hemenway expedition; Key Marco; and Mesoamerican cultures. When found in storage, the sketches did not appear to be in any rational original order and have therefore been arranged by subject or object type with the assistance of anthropologist David Wilcox, whose notes on the sketches are available to researchers and will be augmented as further information is discovered.
Also included in this subseries are published versions of various sketches and maps and a small amount of related textual material, including letters, clippings, and notes.
Subseries 6.4: photographs
|Extent||2 PB, 139 photos (.25 l.f.)|
Many photographs, primarily of Mesoamerican and some Native American objects, supplement the sketches. The images often include groups of related artifacts with catalogue numbers and frequently show scale by means of a ruler in the image frame. It appears that they were collected or created as part of a comparative study.
Series 7: Games
|Extent||3 DB, 12 photos (1.5 l.f.)|
The study of the origin and the historical development of games was a long-standing interest of Culin and Cushing. From Culin's early work in Philadelphia on Chinese games and folk customs, to his later research and publications on Korean and North American Indian games, the range and depth of Culin's research are shown in this series. In addition to his work on Asian and North American Indian games, he also conducted research and published writings on African games and on the more familiar card, dice, and parlor games of the time.
Subseries 7.1: North American Indian
|Extent||1 DB (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged alphabetically and by subject
Consisting primarily of correspondence, this subseries is related to the research and publication of Games of the North American Indian. The work began as a collaborative study with Frank Hamilton Cushing (see also Series 6), who died before its completion; it was eventually completed by Culin and published in 1907, in the Bureau of Ethnology's 24th Annual Report. Later appearing as a separate publication, Games of the North American Indian remains Culin's most well known work and is a standard reference on the subject. The preface asserted that it contained "a classified and illustrated list of practically all the American Indian gaming implements in American and European museums, together with a more or less exhaustive summary of the entire literature of the subject." In his research, Culin drew upon fellow ethnographers and museums from across the continent seeking to clarify or uncover new information. A collection of index cards created by George Dorsey (Field Columbian Museum, Chicago) and several other ethnologists provide instructions for numerous North American Indian games. Culin also made use of numerous typescripts and sketches that Frank Hamilton Cushing had completed prior to his death in 1900. Games was well received, as evidenced by the many positive reviews and letters contained in this subseries. In addition to the material mentioned above, there are typescripts, lists of games and gambling implements, and sketches.
Subseries 7.2: categories
|Extent||1 DB, 4 photos (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by game type
Organized by type of game or toy (playing cards, dice, dolls or games), this subseries includes information in the form of correspondence, manuscripts and typescripts, articles, pamphlets, and newspaper clippings. There are a number of pen and ink or colored drawings of playing cards, dice, dolls, and board games from different parts of the world. A small leather-bound notebook contains Culin's notes (circa 1890-1919) regarding Chinese games, dominoes and others forms of games. Of particular local interest are notes that describe the names and rules for games of marbles and the rhymes used in various street games played by children in Philadelphia and Brooklyn. Numerous clippings about card games (including the type, history, and "evils" associated with playing the game), catalogs, notes, pamphlets, invoices, advertisements, and photographs complete this subseries.
Subseries 7.3: international
|Extent||1 DB, 1 folder, 4 photos (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by region
Rounding out Culin's studies in games of the world, this subseries primarily focuses on African and Asian games. The correspondence, notes, typescripts, and manuscripts trace the development of diverse games and amusements such as African divining blocks, Egyptian draughts (checkers), mah-jongg, and Japanese toys, to name a few. A significant amount of information on the African game of mancala is housed here, including correspondence with Franz Boas and Frank Hamilton Cushing regarding Culin's article “Mancala: The National Game of Africa,” published in the 1894 Report of the United States National Museum. The Japanese material includes “The Companion of Children,” a list of Japanese toys compiled by Shimizu Seifu, typescripts pertaining to Japanese toys, including “The Friends of Children ”(1925) by Culin, and a series of decorative, colored illustrations, wrappers, and covers for Japanese toys. There are also a number of clippings, advertisements, and illustrations.
Series 8: Expositions
|Dates||1892-1927 (bulk 1892-1893, 1925-1927)|
|Extent||3 DB, 1 3 DB, 1 photo photo 1.25|
Arranged by exposition, chronologically
Expositions were central and vital forums for the development of the science of anthropology in the nineteenth century and were, as well, central to Culin's own professional growth. 10 Culin was known to have organized exhibitions in at least six expositions of which this series documents three: the Columbian Historical Exposition, Madrid (1892-93); the World's Columbian (1893); and the Philadelphia Sesquicentennial (1926). While not an exhaustive documentation of Culin's involvement in these expositions, the expositions themselves are well represented with ephemeral and other printed material that Culin presumably collected during each exposition, including clippings, programs, illustrations, calling cards, flyers, menus, tickets, invitations, certificates, and lists. Not represented in this series is material detailing Culin's preparation and installation of the exhibitions.
The World's Columbian Exposition is the most completely represented with a broad range of ephemeral and printed material including a number of questionnaires by the Anthropological Laboratories of the Department of Ethnology at the World's Columbian Exposition. In addition to the ephemeral and printed materials found in this series, there are typescripts of Culin's experiences and observations at the Madrid exposition as well as an expense list for toys and other objects purchased during that exposition. Culin's involvement with the Philadelphia Sesquicentennial, as a member of the New York State Sesquicentennial committee and as adviser for the Palace of Fashion, is also documented with correspondence. In an autobiographical essay, 11Culin writes of his participation in the above expositions, as well as three others: the Atlanta Industrial and Cotton States Exposition (1895), the Paris Exposition (1900), and the Pan-American Exposition, Buffalo (1901). Series 1 contains letters, certificates, and awards for some of the expositions, and Series 12 includes clippings related to expositions.
Series 9: Brinton memoriall
|Dates||1875-1901 (bulk 1899-1902)|
|Extent||1 DB, 1 photo (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by topic
Daniel G. Brinton (1837-1899) was the first university professor of anthropology in the United States, at the University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia. As a mentor to Culin, Brinton guided him in the study of Native American language and mythology and drew him into the University Museum in 1890. After Brinton's death in 1899, Culin worked with Helen Abbott Michael and Sarah Brinton to organize memorial observances and establish a Brinton Chair of American Archaeology and Ethnology at the University of Pennsylvania.
As part of the memorial project, Culin collected the documentation needed to create a biography and bibliography of Brinton, including notes, articles, correspondence, and clippings. Several typescripts provide a more finished view of portions of this information. A series of memorial meetings in Philadelphia are also documented here, with invitations, programs, resolutions, and announcements supplementing the correspondence that led up to their organization.
Helen Abbott Michael, a chemist and writer who worked with Brinton, corresponded extensively with Culin. A great deal of effort was expended on devising a memorial circular to raise money to commission a portrait of Brinton. Memorial letters were received from Franz Boas, Frank Hamilton Cushing, George Dorsey, Frederick Hodge, Frederick Ward Putnam and W. J. McGee, among others, but the circular project was never completed. Brinton's biography, the various memorial meetings, and the Brinton Chair were also topics of her letters.
Finally, correspondence with Sarah Brinton and a variety of colleagues deals with the unfinished business of a scholar's life: unpublished manuscripts, the disposition of his library and letters, and reminiscences of his life and death.
Series 10: Organizations and memberships
|Extent||1 DB, 1 photo (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by organization
Culin maintained active memberships in professional and social organizations throughout his career, as documented in his correspondence (Series 1). Materials contained in this series represent four such organizations, but consist in most cases of items circulated to members rather than personal correspondence.
One significant file is on the American Anthropological Association, chronicling its founding in 1902. Correspondents include W. J. McGee, George Dorsey, and George Pepper; an abstract of comments following a 1902 planning meeting in Pittsburgh presents a roster of some of the most important figures in American anthropology. Other materials include a draft constitution and list of founding members.
Founded in 1875, the International Congress of Americanists was devoted to studying "the antiquity and development of man in the Western Hemisphere." Culin's association with the Congress dates back to at least 1893 (see General correspondence 1.2.020); the correspondence, program abstracts, ephemera, and clippings in this series document the 23rd session, held in 1928.
The purpose of the Salmagundi Club of New York City was to "promote social intercourse between artists and those interested in the arts." Culin's file on the Salmagundi Club, which ranges from 1897 to 1911, contains a collection of ephemera from Club events. Many of the programs, menus, and invitations are embellished with humorous sketches by members; a few original, but unsigned, sketches are included.
Culin's enduring interest in Asia is reflected in a collection of Japan Society materials dating from 1911 to 1919. The programs, announcements, invitations, membership lists, and tour itineraries provide insight into the wide range of the Society's activities.
Series 11: Visual materials
|Dates||1891 - 1933, n.d.|
|Extent||2 PB, 1 SB, 129 photos (.5 l.f.)|
Arranged by medium
This series consists of photographs, published illustrations, and postcards that do not directly link to textual materials in other series. Many of the items were added to the Culin Archival Collection by past curatorial staff primarily because of their subject matter.
Among the 129 photographs are images of the Southwest and California, including Native American people and scenes and photographs of many Asian and European objects. The small collection of thirty-one photographic postcards also depicts Native American people and scenes, as well as objects in museum collections. Included among the postcards are two stereopticon views of Pueblo women.
A group of images removed from publications, many of them from Bureau of American Ethnography reports, documents Pueblo life and the Zuni, Navajo, and Hopi people. A portrait of Cushing is also included. Many of these images are mounted on cardboard and may have been used as didactic materials. Other illustrations, primarily of objects, are mounted on Culin's standard heavy backing paper and were probably part of his research collection.
Finally, the series includes a few drawings and watercolors: a pen and ink drawing of a Pueblo Indian by J. Scott (1891), four floral designs in watercolor, and a group of three watercolor "drop window arrangements by Russian artists." The last appear to be stage designs.
Series 12: Printed matter
|Extent||11 volumes, 2 PB, 8 DB (6.0 l.f.)|
Culin collected documentary materials to support his work, creating an extensive research collection. Materials in this series supplement those found in other parts of the collection, particularly Series 5, but the focus of this series is primarily on material that appeared in published sources. Also found in this series are scrapbooks containing clippings and other materials that document Culin's own publications.
Subseries 12.1: scrapbooks
|Extent||11 volumes (2.0 l.f.)|
The two types of scrapbooks found here are those containing documentation for Culin's research and those chronicling his publications and life. The materials in this subseries cover the years leading up to Culin's appointment to the Brooklyn Museum.
Two bound volumes contain clippings relating to the Chinese community in America between 1882 and 1889, the years in which Culin was pursuing research in that area. Entries include not only newspapers clippings, documenting news as well as the political and social biases of the times, but also materials from various Chinese communities on the East Coast.
Several published works grew out of Culin's interest in the Chinese-American community; a series of four "acknowledgments" scrapbooks document their release, critical reception, and distribution, with clippings, reviews, copyright registrations, and many letters ordering or acknowledging receipt of the texts. The publications so documented are China in America: A Study in the Social Life of the Chinese in the Eastern Cities of the United States (New York and Philadelphia: Franklin Printing Co., 1887); Chinese Games with Dice and Dominoes (Washington, DC: Government Printing Office, 1895); Chinese Secret Societies in the United States (Lancaster, Pennsylvania: American Folklore Society, 1890); Gambling Games of the Chinese in America (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1891); Korean Games, with Notes on the Corresponding Games of China and Japan (Philadelphia: University of Pennsylvania, 1891).
The remaining five scrapbooks provide a broader view of Culin's life and career. Of particular note is one volume (1889-98) devoted to his participation as a founding member of the American Folklore Society; since early Society records were destroyed in a fire, this scrapbook, which contains programs, invitations, and clippings detailing Society meetings, is an invaluable resource. The personal and professional scrapbooks document Culin's work at the University Museum and his appointment to the Brooklyn Museum as well as, to some extent, his research interests. Several folders of related but unmounted clippings may be found in Subseries 12.3.
Subseries 12.2: periodicals
|Dates||1917 - 1928|
|Extent||2 PB (.5 l.f.)|
A small collection of French, German, and American periodicals accompanied the Culin collection, although a definitive link to Culin (other than the dates) has not been established. Many of these are publications of a humorous or semierotic nature.
Subseries 12.3: clippings
|Dates||1884-1928 bulk 1920-1928 (bulk 1920-1928)|
|Extent||8 DB (3.5 l.f.)|
Arrnaged chronologically within topic
A large group of clippings documenting Culin's career and research interests (1884-1923) was segregated into this subseries on the basis of format; these materials may be considered an extension of the scrapbooks found in Subseries 12.1.
For a long time I have been deeply conscious of the vital importance to us of a more correct understanding of the social, political, and industrial conditions in the Far East with especial relation to China. . . . It was evident that Japan was carrying on an active and successful propaganda in the United States, all leading up to the exploitation of China. . . . My increasing interest led me to follow up, collect and collate the news from the Far East as it appeared from day to day.
Since my return I have carefully collected and collated all the news purporting to come from Hungary. . . . [It] seems to proceed in greater part from Vienna, to be full of malice, and to be intended to prejudice Hungary in the minds of the American people.
The clippings in these two compilations, while revealing little about Culin's work other than his personal commitment to the people who created the objects he collected, are a valuable source of information on post-World War I international politics.
Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.1: University of Pennsylvania appointment
General corresp [1.1.001]: corresp re University of Pennsylvania appointment. (1899)
Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.2: correspondence (incoming & outgoing)
General corresp [1.2.001]: A. (1888-1921)
General corresp [1.2.002]: B - Bo. (1888-1921)
General corresp [1.2.003]: Bri - Bu. (1887-1902)
General corresp [1.2.004]: Brock. (1897-1900)
General corresp [1.2.005]: Brock. (1901-1906)
General corresp [1.2.006]: Ca - Clem. (1889-1921)
General corresp [1.2.007]: Cleveland Museum. (1920-1921)
General corresp [1.2.008]: Co - Cr. (1891-1921)
General corresp [1.2.009]: Cu. (1890-1919)
General corresp [1.2.010]: Da - Doo. (1892-1918)
General corresp [1.2.011]: Dorsey. (1898-1920)
General corresp [1.2.012]: Dow - Du. (1904-1919)
General corresp [1.2.013]: Eakins. (1896-1920)
General corresp [1.2.014]: Ear - Fu. (1894-1921)
General corresp [1.2.015]: Ga - Gl. (1888-1919)
General corresp [1.2.016]: Go - Gr. (1892-1920)
General corresp [1.2.017]: Ha. (1888-1920)
General corresp [1.2.018]: He - Ho. (1893-1920)
General corresp [1.2.019]: Hr - Hy. (1893-1921)
General corresp [1.2.020]: I - J. (1893-1920)
General corresp [1.2.021]: K. (1894-1920)
General corresp [1.2.022]: Keam. (1902-1904)
General corresp [1.2.023]: La - Le. (1886-1920)
General corresp [1.2.024]: Laufer. (1913-1921)
General corresp [1.2.025]: Li - Ly. (1882-1918)
General corresp [1.2.026]: Ma - Mc. (1892-1920)
General corresp [1.2.027]: Me - Mo. (1892-1920)
General corresp [1.2.028]: Meyer. (1899-1908)
General corresp [1.2.029]: Mu - My. (1892-1920)
General corresp [1.2.030]: N. (1892-1917)
General corresp [1.2.031]: O. (1900-1920)
General corresp [1.2.032]: Pa. (1894-1921)
General corresp [1.2.033]: Parker. (1908-1921)
General corresp [1.2.034]: Pe - Q. (1890-1921)
General corresp [1.2.035]: Ra - Ru. (1893-1921)
General corresp [1.2.036]: Read, C.H. (1888-1917)
General corresp [1.2.037]: Sa - Sl. (1888-1919)
General corresp [1.2.038]: Sm - So. (1891-1912)
General corresp [1.2.039]: St - Sz. (1889-1921)
General corresp [1.2.040]: T - Ty. (1891-1920)
General corresp [1.2.041]: V. (1895-1920)
General corresp [1.2.042]: Wa - Wh. (1893-1921)
General corresp [1.2.043]: Wanamaker. (1902-1918)
General corresp [1.2.044]: Wi. (1893-1920)
General corresp [1.2.045]: Wo - Wy (1902-1921)
General corresp [1.2.046]: Y - Z. (1893-1918)
Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.3: correspondence (outgoing)
General corresp [1.3.001]: letterpress book. (1903-1907)
Series 1: General correspondence, subseries 1.4: correspondence (incoming & outgoing)
General corresp [1.4.001]. (12/1918-02/1919)
General corresp [1.4.002]. (03/1919-05/1919)
General corresp [1.4.003]. (06/1919-08/1919)
General corresp [1.4.004]. (09/1919-10/1919)
General corresp [1.4.005]. (1919/11)
General corresp [1.4.006]. (1919/12)
General corresp [1.4.007]. (1920/01)
General corresp [1.4.008]. (1920/02)
General corresp [1.4.009]. (1920/03)
General corresp [1.4.010]. (1920/04)
General corresp [1.4.011]. (1920/05)
General corresp [1.4.012]. (1920/06)
General corresp [1.4.013]. (07/1920-11/1920)
General corresp [1.4.014]. (1920/12)
General corresp [1.4.015]. (1921/01)
General corresp [1.4.016]. (1921/02)
General corresp [1.4.017]. (1921/03)
General corresp [1.4.018]. (1921/04)
General corresp [1.4.019]. (1921/04)
General corresp [1.4.020]. (1921/05)
General corresp [1.4.021]. (1921/05)
General corresp [1.4.022]. (06/1921-07/1921)
General corresp [1.4.023]. (08/1921-11/1921)
General corresp [1.4.024]. (1921/12)
General corresp [1.4.025]. (1921/12)
General corresp [1.4.026]. (1922/01)
General corresp [1.4.027]. (1922/01)
General corresp [1.4.028]. (1922/02)
General corresp [1.4.029]. (1922/02)
General corresp [1.4.030]. (1922/03)
General corresp [1.4.031]. (1922/03)
General corresp [1.4.032]. (1922/04)
General corresp [1.4.033]. (1922/04)
General corresp [1.4.034]. (1922/05)
General corresp [1.4.035]. (06/1922-09/1922)
General corresp [1.4.036]. (1922/10)
General corresp [1.4.037]. (1922/10)
General corresp [1.4.038]. (1922/11)
General corresp [1.4.039]. (1922/11)
General corresp [1.4.040]. (1922/12)
General corresp [1.4.041]. (1922/12)
General corresp [1.4.042]. (1923/01)
General corresp [1.4.043]. (1923/01)
General corresp [1.4.044]. (1923/02)
General corresp [1.4.045]. (1923/02)
General corresp [1.4.046]. (1923/03)
General corresp [1.4.047]. (1923/03)
General corresp [1.4.048]. (1923/04)
General corresp [1.4.049]. (1923/04)
General corresp [1.4.050]. (1923/05)
General corresp [1.4.051]. (1923/05)
General corresp [1.4.052]. (1923/06)
General corresp [1.4.053]. (1923/06)
General corresp [1.4.054]. (07/1923-08/1923)
General corresp [1.4.055]. (09/1923-10/1923)
General corresp [1.4.056]. (1923/11)
General corresp [1.4.057]. (1923/12)
General corresp [1.4.058]. (1923/12)
General corresp [1.4.059]. (1924/01)
General corresp [1.4.060]. (1924/01)
General corresp [1.4.061]. (1924/02)
General corresp [1.4.062]. (1924/02)
General corresp [1.4.063]. (1924/03)
General corresp [1.4.064]. (1924/03)
General corresp [1.4.065]. (1924/04)
General corresp [1.4.066]. (1924/04)
General corresp [1.4.067]. (1924/05)
General corresp [1.4.068]. (1924/05)
General corresp [1.4.069]. (1924/06)
General corresp [1.4.070]. (1924/06)
General corresp [1.4.071]. (1924/07)
General corresp [1.4.072]. (1924/08)
General corresp [1.4.073]. (1924/09)
General corresp [1.4.074]. (1924/10)
General corresp [1.4.075]. (1924/11)
General corresp [1.4.076]. (1924/11)
General corresp [1.4.077]. (1924/12)
General corresp [1.4.078]. (1924/12)
General corresp [1.4.079]. (1924/12)
General corresp [1.4.080]. (1925/01)
General corresp [1.4.081]. (1925/02)
General corresp [1.4.082]. (1925/02)
General corresp [1.4.083]. (1925/02)
General corresp [1.4.084]. (1925/03)
General corresp [1.4.085]. (1925/03)
General corresp [1.4.086]. (1925/03)
General corresp [1.4.087]. (1925/04)
General corresp [1.4.088]. (1925/04)
General corresp [1.4.089]. (1925/05)
General corresp [1.4.090]. (1925/05)
General corresp [1.4.091]. (1925/06)
General corresp [1.4.092]. (1925/06)
General corresp [1.4.093]. (1925/07)
General corresp [1.4.094]. (1925/07)
General corresp [1.4.095]. (1925/08)
General corresp [1.4.096]. (1925/09)
General corresp [1.4.097]. (1925/09)
General corresp [1.4.098]. (1925/10)
General corresp [1.4.099]. (1925/10)
General corresp [1.4.100]. (1925/11)
General corresp [1.4.101]. (1925/11)
General corresp [1.4.102]: Rainbow House opening. (11/1925-02/1925)
General corresp [1.4.103]. (1925/12)
General corresp [1.4.104]. (1925/12)
General corresp [1.4.105]. (1926/01)
General corresp [1.4.106]. (1926/01)
General corresp [1.4.107]. (1926/02)
General corresp [1.4.108]. (1926/02)
General corresp [1.4.109]. (1926/03)
General corresp [1.4.110]. (1926/03)
General corresp [1.4.111]. (1926/04)
General corresp [1.4.112]. (1926/04)
General corresp [1.4.113]. (1926/05)
General corresp [1.4.114]. (1926/05)
General corresp [1.4.115]. (1926/06)
General corresp [1.4.116]. (07/1926-08/1926)
General corresp [1.4.117]. (1926/09)
General corresp [1.4.118]. (1926/09)
General corresp [1.4.119]. (1926/10)
General corresp [1.4.120]. (1926/10)
General corresp [1.4.121]. (1926/10)
General corresp [1.4.122]. (1926/11)
General corresp [1.4.123]. (1926/11)
General corresp [1.4.124]. (1926/12)
General corresp [1.4.125]. (1926/12)
General corresp [1.4.126]. (1926/12)
General corresp [1.4.127]. (1927/01)
General corresp [1.4.128]. (1927/01)
General corresp [1.4.129]. (1927/02)
General corresp [1.4.130]. (1927/02)
General corresp [1.4.131]. (1927/03)
General corresp [1.4.132]. (1927/03)
General corresp [1.4.133]. (1927/04)
General corresp [1.4.134]: Japanese Gallery opening. (1927/04)
General corresp [1.4.135]. (1927/04)
General corresp [1.4.136]. (1927/05)
General corresp [1.4.137]: Pratt poster competition. (1927/05)
General corresp [1.4.138]. (1927/05)
General corresp [1.4.139]. (1927/05)
General corresp [1.4.140]. (1927/06)
General corresp [1.4.141]. (07/1927-08/1927)
General corresp [1.4.142]. (1927/09)
General corresp [1.4.143]. (1927/10)
General corresp [1.4.144]. (1927/10)
General corresp [1.4.145]. (1927/11)
General corresp [1.4.146]. (1927/11)
General corresp [1.4.147]. (1927/12)
General corresp [1.4.148]. (1927/12)
General corresp [1.4.149]. (1927/12)
General corresp [1.4.150]. (1928/01)
General corresp [1.4.151]. (1928/01)
General corresp [1.4.152]. (1928/02)
General corresp [1.4.153]. (1928/02)
General corresp [1.4.154]. (1928/03)
General corresp [1.4.155]. (1928/03)
General corresp [1.4.156]. (1928/04)
General corresp [1.4.157]. (1928/04)
General corresp [1.4.158]. (1928/05)
General corresp [1.4.159]. (06/1928-08/1928)
General corresp [1.4.160]. (1928/09)
General corresp [1.4.161]. (1928/10)
General corresp [1.4.162]. (1928/10)
General corresp [1.4.163]. (1928/11)
General corresp [1.4.164]. (1928/12)
General corresp [1.4.165]. (01/1929-04/1929)
General corresp [1.4.166]. (n.d.)
Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.1: expedition reports
Expeditions [2.1.001]: collecting trips, 1901, 1902. (1901-1902)
Expeditions [2.1.002]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of the Southwest. (04/1903-09/1903)
Expeditions [2.1.003]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of the Southwest. (05/1904-09/1904)
Expeditions [2.1.004]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of Arizona & California. (06/1905-09/1905)
Expeditions [2.1.005]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of California. (08/1906-10/1906)
Expeditions [2.1.006]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of New Mexico & California. (05/1907-09/1907)
Expeditions [2.1.007]: Origin of the Navajo Order of Naal'oi baka. (1907)
Expeditions [2.1.008]: Zuni notes (report appendix). (1907)
Expeditions [2.1.009]: Zuni notes (report appendix). (1907)
Expeditions [2.1.010]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of California and Vancouver Island. (05/1908-10/1908)
Expeditions [2.1.011]: Collecting Trip to China & Japan. Volume 1 of 5. (06/1909-07/1909)
Expeditions [2.1.012]: Collecting Trip in China & Japan. Volume 2 of 5. (07/1909-09/1909)
Expeditions [2.1.013]: Collecting Trip in China & Japan. Volume 3 of 5. (09/1909-11/1909)
Expeditions [2.1.014]: Collecting Trip in China & Japan. Volume 4 of 5. (11/1909-01/1910)
Expeditions [2.1.015]: Collecting Trip in China & Japan. Volume 5 of 5. (01/1910-03/1910)
Expeditions [2.1.016]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of Oklahoma, New Mexico, California & Vancouver. Volume 1 of 2. (03/1911-06/1911)
Expeditions [2.1.017]: Collecting Trip Among the Indians of Oklahoma, New Mexico, California & Vancouver. Volume 2 of 2. (06/1911-08/1911)
Expeditions [2.1.018]: Collecting Trip in Japan, Including a Visit to the Kurile Islands and Hokaido. Volume 1 of 2. (04/1912-09/1912)
Expeditions [2.1.019]: Collecting Trip in Japan, Including a Visit to the Kurile Islands and Hokaido. Volume 2 of 2. (09/1912-01/1913)
Expeditions [2.1.020]: Collecting Trip in Japan, Korea, China & India. Volume 2 of 2. (02/1914-05/1914)
Expeditions [2.1.021]: Collecting Trip in Long Island & New England. (06/1917-09/1917)
Expeditions [2.1.022]: Collecting trip in Long Island & New England. (06/1917-09/1917)
Expeditions [2.1.023]: Collecting Trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Servia, Roumania, & Sweden. Volume 1 of 3. (06/1920-08/1920)
Expeditions [2.1.024]: Collecting Trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Servia, Roumania, & Sweden. Volume 2 of 3. (08/1920-10/1920)
Expeditions [2.1.025]: Collecting Trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Servia, Roumania, & Sweden. Volume 3 of 3. (10/1920-11/1920)
Expeditions [2.1.026]: Collecting trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia, Hungary, Servia, Roumania & Sweden. (06/1920-11/1920)
Expeditions [2.1.027]: Collecting Trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia & Hungary. Volume 1 of 2. (05/1921-08/1921)
Expeditions [2.1.028]: Collecting Trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia & Hungary. Volume 2 of 2. (08/1921-11/1921)
Expeditions [2.1.029]: Collecting trip in England, France, Czechoslovakia & Hungary. (05/1921-11/1921)
Expeditions [2.1.030]: Collecting Trip in Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Czechoslovakia & Belgium. Volume 1 of 3. (05/1922-07/1922)
Expeditions [2.1.031]: Collecting Trip in Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Belgium. Volume 2 of 3. (07/1922-08/1922)
Expeditions [2.1.032]: Collecting Trip in Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Czechoslovakia, Belgium. Volume 3 of 3. (08/1922-09/1922)
Expeditions [2.1.033]: Collecting trip in Spain, Portugal, Hungary, Czechoslovakia & Belgium. (05/1922-09/1922)
Expeditions [2.1.034]: Collecting Trip in Germany; Czechoslovakia; Hungary; Austria; Belgium; France & England. Volume 1 of 2. (06/1923-09/1923)
Expeditions [2.1.035]: Collecting Trip in Germany; Czechoslovakia; Hungary; Austria; Belgium; France & England. Volume 2 of 2. (09/1923-11/1923)
Expeditions [2.1.036]: Collecting Trip in Scotland, England, France, Czechoslovakia, and Germany. Part 1 of 5 (unbound). (06/1926-09/1926)
Expeditions [2.1.037]: Collecting Trip in Scotland, England, France, Czechoslovakia and Germany. Part 2 of 5 (unbound). (06/1926-09/1926)
Expeditions [2.1.038]: Collecting Trip in Scotland, England, France, Czechoslovakia, and Germany. Part 3 of 5 (unbound). (06/1926-09/1926)
Expeditions [2.1.039]: Collecting Trip in Scotland, England, France, Czechoslovakia, and Germany. Part 4 of 5 (unbound). (06/1926-09/1926)
Expeditions [2.1.040]: Collecting Trip in Scotland, England, France, Czechoslovakia, and Germany. Part 5 of 5 (unbound). (06/1926-09/1926)
Expeditions [2.1.041]. (1926/07)
Expeditions [2.1.042]. (1926/08)
Expeditions [2.1.043]. (08/1926-09/1926)
Expeditions [2.1.044]: Collecting Trip to Scotland, England, France, and Hungary. Part 1 of 2 (unbound). (06/1927-09/1927)
Expeditions [2.1.045]: Collecting Trip to Scotland, England, France and Hungary. Part 2 of 2 (unbound). (06/1927-09/1927)
Expeditions [2.1.046]. (1927/06)
Expeditions [2.1.047]: Collecting Trip in Germany, France and England (unbound). (05/1928-08/1928)
Expeditions [2.1.048]. (05/n.d.-07/n.d.)
Expeditions [2.1.049]. (n.d.)
Expeditions [2.1.050]: Collecting Trip in North America. (05/n.d.-10/n.d.)
Expeditions [2.1.051]: Collecting Trip in England, Germany and France. (06/n.d.)
Expeditions [2.1.052]: N?rnberg. (08/n.d.)
Expeditions [2.1.053]: Collecting Trip in France, Amsterdam and Germany. (06/1898-08/1898)
Expeditions [2.1.054]: Collecting Trip in Japan, Korea, China and India. Volume 1 of 2. (09/1913-03/1914)
Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.2: chapbooks
Expeditions [2.2.001-003]: chapbooks. (1903)
Expeditions [2.2.004]: chapbook. (1904)
Expeditions [2.2.005-006]: chapbooks. (1905)
Expeditions [2.2.007-008]: chapbooks. (1907)
Expeditions [2.2.009-010]: chapbooks. (1908)
Expeditions [2.2.011]: chapbook. (1909-1910)
Expeditions [2.2.012]: chapbook. (1911)
Expeditions [2.2.013-014]: chapbooks. (1912)
Expeditions [2.2.015-016]: chapbooks. (1917)
Expeditions [2.2.017]: chapbook. (1920)
Expeditions [2.2.018]: chapbook. (1921)
Expeditions [2.2.019]: chapbook. (1922)
Expeditions [2.2.020]: chapbook. (1923)
Expeditions [2.2.021]: chapbook. (1926)
Expeditions [2.2.022-023]: chapbooks. (1927)
Expeditions [2.2.024]: chapbook. (1928)
Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.3: financial records
Expeditions [2.3.001]: expenses. (1903-1908)
Expeditions [2.3.002]: expenses. (1909-1913)
Expeditions [2.3.003]: expenses. (1911)
Expeditions [2.3.004]: expenses. (1912-1913)
Expeditions [2.3.005]: expenses. (1917)
Expeditions [2.3.006]: expenses. (1920)
Expeditions [2.3.007]: expenses. (1920)
Expeditions [2.3.008]: expenses. (1921)
Expeditions [2.3.009]: expenses. (1922)
Expeditions [2.3.010]: expenses. (1922)
Expeditions [2.3.011]: expenses. (1923)
Expeditions [2.3.012]: expenses. (1923)
Expeditions [2.3.013]: expenses. (1926)
Expeditions [2.3.014]: expenses. (1926-1927)
Expeditions [2.3.015]: expenses. (1927)
Expeditions [2.3.016]: expenses. (1927)
Expeditions [2.3.017]: expenses. (1928)
Series 2: Collecting expeditions, subseries 2.4: Tschudy paintings
Expeditions [2.4.001-002]: Tschudy watercolors. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.003-004]: Tschudy watercolors. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.005-008]: Tschudy watercolors. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.009]: Tschudy watercolor. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.010]: Tschudy watercolor. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.011]: Tschudy watercolor. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.012-031]: Tschudy watercolors. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.032-033]: Tschudy watercolors. (1904)
Expeditions [2.4.034]: Tschudy watercolor. (1905)
Expeditions [2.4.035]: Tschudy watercolor. (1905)
Expeditions [2.4.036]: Tschudy watercolor. (1905)
Expeditions [2.4.037-038]: Tschudy watercolors. (1905)
Expeditions [2.4.039-040]: Tschudy watercolors. (1905)
Expeditions [2.4.041-044]: Tschudy watercolors. (1905)
Expeditions [2.4.045]: Tschudy watercolor. (1907)
Expeditions [2.4.046]: Tschudy watercolor. (1910)
Expeditions [2.4.047]: Tschudy watercolor. (n.d.)
Expeditions [2.4.048]: Tschudy oil painting. (1906)
Expeditions [2.4.049-051]: Tschudy oil paintings. (1906)
Expeditions [2.4.052-054]: Tschudy oil paintings. (1907)
Expeditions [2.4.055]: Tschudy oil painting. (1908)
Expeditions [2.4.056]: Tschudy oil painting. (n.d.)
Expeditions [2.4.057]: Tschudy oil painting. (n.d.)
Expeditions [2.4.058]: Tschudy watercolor (oversize). (1904)
Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.1: general correspondence
Department of Ethnology [3.1.001]: pre-Culin corresp. (1901-1903)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.002]: corresp (in). (02/1903-06/1903)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.003]: corresp (in). (07/1903-09/1903)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.004]: corresp (in). (10/1903-12/1903)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.005]: corresp (out). (02/1903-06/1903)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.006]: corresp (out). (02/1903-06/1903)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.007]: corresp (in). (01/1904-03/1904)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.008]: corresp (in). (04/1904-12/1904)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.009]: corresp (in). (1905)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.010]: corresp (in). (1906)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.011]: corresp (in). (1907)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.012]: corresp. (1908)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.013]: corresp. (1909)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.014]: corresp. (1910)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.015]: corresp. (1911)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.016]: corresp. (1912)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.017]: corresp. (1913-1915)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.018]: corresp. (1908-1915)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.019]: corresp. (1916)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.020]: corresp. (1917)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.021]: corresp. (01/1918-10/1918)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.022]: corresp. (11/1918-01/1919)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.023]: corresp. (1916)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.024]: corresp. (1917)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.025]: corresp. (1918)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.026]: exchanges. (1901-1912)
Department of Ethnology [3.1.027]: corresp. (1926)
Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.2: reports
Department of Ethnology [3.2.001]: reports. (1905-1922)
Department of Ethnology [3.2.002]: reports. (1923-1928)
Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.3: daily notes
Department of Ethnology [3.3.001]: daily notes. (1920-1927)
Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.4: inventories
Department of Ethnology [3.4.001]: inventories. (1919-n.d.)
Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.5: exhibitions & installations
Department of Ethnology [3.5.001]: exhibitions and installations. (1925-1927)
Department of Ethnology [3.5.002]. (1927-1928)
Department of Ethnology [3.5.003]: exhibitions and installations. (1928)
Department of Ethnology [3.5.004-021]: labels, lists & tags. (1903-1911)
Department of Ethnology [3.5.022-036]: labels, lists & tags. (1902-1914)
Department of Ethnology [3.5.037-047]: labels, lists & tags. (1902-1941)
Series 3: Department of Ethnology, subseries 3.6: financial records
Department of Ethnology [3.6.001]: financial records. (1921-1928)
Department of Ethnology [3.6.002]: financial records. (1922-1928)
Department of Ethnology [3.6.003]: financial records. (1920-1921)
Department of Ethnology [3.6.004]: books [A-G]. (1900-1922)
Department of Ethnology [3.6.005]: books [H-L]. (1909-1923)
Department of Ethnology [3.6.006]: books [M-Z]. (1906-1923)
Department of Ethnology [3.6.007]. (1927)
Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.1: general correspondence
Objects [4.1.001]: Asia. (1898-1918)
Objects [4.1.002]: Asia. (1914-1928)
Objects [4.1.003]: Asia. (1894-1924)
Objects [4.1.004]: Asia, R.W. Woodward Jade collection. (1912)
Objects [4.1.005]; Africa, Asia, Oceania, Europe, Caribbean. (1909-1927)
Objects [4.1.006]: Asia. (1912-1919)
Objects [4.1.007]: Africa, Asia, Oceania. (1919-1923)
Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.2: North American Indians
Objects [4.2.001]. Southwest. (1897-1905)
Objects [4.2.002]. Southwest, California, Northwest coast (1901-1917)
Objects [4.2.003]. Plains and Northwest. (1891-1915)
Objects [4.2.004]. Eskimo and misc. (1901-1927)
Objects [4.2.005]. (1908)
Objects [4.2.006]. (1908)
Objects [4.2.007]: Notes on Cochiti. (n.d.)
Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.3: Catalogue cards
Objects [4.3.001]: Catalogue cards. (1901-1913)
Series 4: Objects, subseries 4.4: ledger books
Objects [4.4.001]: ledger book. Volume 1 of 11 (1-3000). (1901-1902)
Objects [4.4.002]: ledger book. Volume 2 of 11 (3001-6000). (1903-1904)
Objects [4.4.003]: ledger book. Volume 3 of 11 (6001-9000). (1903-1911)
Objects [4.4.004]: ledger book. Volume 4 of 11 (9001-12000) (1903-1911)
Objects [4.4.005]: ledger book. Volume 5 of 11 (12001-12810). (1903)
Objects [4.4.006]: ledger book. Volume 6 of 11 (19051-21000). (1898-1911)
Objects [4.4.007]: ledger book. Volume 7 of 11 (21001-24000). (1909-1920)
Objects [4.4.008]: ledger book. Volume 8 of 11 (24001-27100). (1920-1925)
Objects [4.4.009]: ledger book. Volume 9 of 11 (27201-30000). (1925-1931)
Objects [4.4.010]: ledger book. Volume 10 of 11 (30001-33000). (1931-1933)
Objects [4.4.011]: ledger book. Volume 11 of 11 (33001-33482). (1933)
Series 5: Research & writings, subseries 5.1: correspondence & notes
Research & writings [5.1.001]. (1891-1928)
Research & writings [5.1.002]. (1885-1928)
Research & writings [5.1.003]: books. (1893-1924)
Research & writings [5.1.004]: Asia. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.005]: Encyclopedia Britannica. (1927-1928)
Research & writings [5.1.006]. (1893-1926)
Research & writings [5.1.007]: Narrative of Nakahama Manjiro. (1913-1928)
Research & writings [5.1.008]: Japan. (1893-n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.009]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.010]: Japan. (1909)
Research & writings [5.1.011]: Japan. (1906)
Research & writings [5.1.012]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.014]: Japan. (1889)
Research & writings [5.1.014]: Japan. (1896)
Research & writings [5.1.015]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.016]: Japan. (1887-1888)
Research & writings [5.1.017]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.018]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.019]: Japan. (1887)
Research & writings [5.1.020]: Japan. (1912)
Research & writings [5.1.021]: Japan. (1887)
Research & writings [5.1.022]: Japan. (1909)
Research & writings [5.1.023]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.024]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.025]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.026]: Japan. (1894)
Research & writings [5.1.027]: Japan. (1887-1901)
Research & writings [5.1.028]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.029]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.030]: Japan. (1880)
Research & writings [5.1.031]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.032]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.033]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.034]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.035]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.036]: Japan. (1898)
Research & writings [5.1.037]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.038]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.039]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.040]: Japan. (1901)
Research & writings [5.1.041]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.042]: Japan. (1912)
Research & writings [5.1.043]: Japan. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.044]: Japan. (1912)
Research & writings [5.1.045]: Wonderful News of the Circumnavigation. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.046]: Wonderful News of the Circumnavigation. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.047]: Wonderful News of the Circumnavigation. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.048]: Wonderful News of the Circumnavigation. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.049]: Wonderful News of the Circumnavigation. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.050]: Hungary. (1922-1924)
Research & writings [5.1.051]. (1932)
Research & writings [5.1.052]. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.053]. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.1.054]. (1913)
Series 5: Research & writings, subseries 5.2: lectures & writings
Research & writings [5.2.001]: articles and lectures. (1891-1928)
Research & writings [5.2.002]: articles. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.2.003]: articles. (1920-n.d.)
Research & writings [5.2.004]: lectures. (1890-1927)
Research & writings [5.2.005]: lectures. (1904)
Research & writings [5.2.006]: Road to Beauty. (1925)
Research & writings [5.2.007]: Road to Beauty. (1925)
Research & writings [5.2.008]: Road to Beauty. (1925)
Research & writings [5.2.009]: Road to Beauty. (1925)
Research & writings [5.2.010]: Road to Beauty. (1925)
Research & writings [5.2.011]: Road to Beauty. (1925)
Research & writings [5.2.012]: Narrative of Nakahama Manjiro. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.2.013]: Narrative of Nakahama Manjiro. (n.d.)
Research & writings [5.2.014]: Culin stories. (1920-n.d.)
Research & writings [5.2.015]: Culin stories. (1920-n.d.)
Research & writings [5.2.016]: bibliographies & biographies. (1885-1923)
Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.1: correspondence
Cushing collection [6.1.001]: corresp. (09/1893-12/1893)
Cushing collection [6.1.002]: corresp. (1894)
Cushing collection [6.1.003]: corresp. (1895)
Cushing collection [6.1.004]: corresp. (1896-1898)
Cushing collection [6.1.005]: corresp. (1899-1900)
Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.2: writings
Cushing collection [6.2.001]: drafts. (1899-n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.2.002]. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.2.003]: Zuni Breadstuff (chapters 1-11). (1884-1885)
Cushing collection [6.2.004]: Zuni Breadstuff (chapters 12-19). (1884-1885)
Cushing collection [6.2.005]: Zuni Breadstuff (chapters 1-19). (1884-1885)
Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.3: sketches
Cushing collection [6.3.001]: mouse studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.002]: animal studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.003]: bird studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.004]: mace studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.005]: war clubs. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.006]: arrow studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.007]: axe. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.008]: hoops. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.009]: ear ornaments. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.010]: heads. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.011]: weeping eye motif. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.012]: fetish studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.013]: kachinas. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.014]: birdstone, bannerstone, & boatstones. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.015]: worked stone & related forms. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.016]: chipped stone effigies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.017]: shell studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.018]: shell and copper gorget studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.019]: petroglyph studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.020]: pipe studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.021]: cylinder stamps. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.022]: Southwest artifacts. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.023]: portraits & landscapes. (1878-n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.024]: Indians. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.025]: Hemenway Expedition. (1888-n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.026]: Key Marco. (1896-n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.027]: Zuni fetishes. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.028]: Zuni war gods. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.029]: Zuni maps and plans. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.030]: Zuni objects, portraits & dancers. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.031]: Mayan sculpture studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.032]: Mayan sculpture studies. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.033]: Meso-American & unidentified. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.034]: unidentified. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.3.035]: published illustrations. (1881-1896)
Cushing collection [6.3.036]: textual material. (1890-1899)
Cushing collection [6.3.037]: maps. (1896)
Series 6: Cushing collection, subseries 6.4: photographs
Cushing collection [6.4.001-019]: photographs. (n.d.)
Cushing collection [6.4.020-030]: photographs. (n.d.)
Series 7: Games, subseries 7.1: North American Indian
Games [7.1.001]: North American Indian corresp [A-G]. (1896-1906)
Games [7.1.002]: North American Indian corresp [H-Ma]. (1896-1907)
Games [7.1.003]: North American Indian corresp [Me-S]. (1895-1906)
Games [7.1.004]: North American Indian corresp [T-Z]. (1897-1906)
Games [7.1.005]: North American Indian notes and corresp. (1907-1914)
Games [7.1.006]: North American Indian corresp. (1900-1904)
Games [7.1.007]: North American Indian. (n.d.)
Series 7: Games, subseries 7.2: categories
Games [7.2.001]: playing cards. (1892-1898)
Games [7.2.002]: playing cards. (1871-1927)
Games [7.2.003]: dice. (1888-1899)
Games [7.2.004]: dolls. (1897-1927)
Games [7.2.005]: games. (1885-1899)
Games [7.2.006]: notebook. (1890-n.d.)
Series 7: Games, subseries 7.3: international
Games [7.3.001]: African, mancala (1892-1910)
Games [7.3.002]: African. (1898)
Games [7.3.003]: Egyptian. (1889-1909)
Games [7.3.004]: Chinese. (1899-1923)
Games [7.3.005]: Korean. (1895-1899)
Games [7.3.006]: Japanese. (1925-n.d.)
Games [7.3.007]: Japanese. (1892-1910)
Games [7.3.008]: Japanese. (n.d.)
Games [7.3.009]: Japanese. (n.d.)
Series 8: Expositions
Expositions [8.1.001]: Madrid. (1892)
Expositions [8.1.002]: Madrid. (1892)
Expositions [8.1.003]: Madrid. (1892-1893)
Expositions [8.1.004]: Madrid. (1892-1893)
Expositions [8.1.005]: Madrid. (1892-1893)
Expositions [8.1.006]: Madrid. (1892-1893)
Expositions [8.1.007]: World's Columbian. (1893)
Expositions [8.1.008]: World's Columbian. (1893)
Expositions [8.1.009]: World's Columbian. (1892-1893)
Expositions [8.1.010]: World's Columbian. (1893)
Expositions [8.1.011]: World's Columbian. (1893)
Expositions [8.1.012]: Philadelphia Sesquicentennial. (1925)
Expositions [8.1.013]: Philadelphia Sesquicentennial. (1926-1927)
Series 9: Brinton memorial
Brinton memorial [9.1.001]: biography. (1875-1899)
Brinton memorial [9.1.002]: meetings & chair. (1899-1900)
Brinton memorial [9.1.003]: Michael corresp. (1899-1902)
Brinton memorial [9.1.004]: Michael corresp. (1899-1900)
Brinton memorial [9.1.005]: general corresp. (1899-1900)
Brinton memorial [9.1.006]: Brinton corresp. (1899-1901)
Series 10: Organizations & memberships
Organizations & memberships [10.1.001]: American Anthropological Association. (1902)
Organizations & memberships [10.1.002]: International Congress of Americanists. (1927-1928)
Organizations & memberships [10.1.003]:International Congress of Americanists. (1927-1928)
Organizations & memberships [10.1.004]: Salmagundi Club. (1897-1911)
Organizations & memberships [10.1.005]: Japan Society. (1911-1915)
Organizations & memberships [10.1.006]: Japan Society. (1916-1919)
Series 11: Visual materials
Visual materials [11.1.001-058]: photographs. (n.d)
Visual materials [11.1.059-074]: photographs. (n.d.)
Visual materials [11.1.075-082]: photographs. (n.d.)
Visual materials [11.1.083]: photographic postcards. (1909-1933)
Visual materials [11.1.084]: clippings (illustrations). (n.d.)
Visual materials [11.1.085]: clippings (illustrations). (n.d.)
Visual materials [11.1.086]: art works. (1891-n.d.)
Visual materials [11.1.087]: photographs (n.d.)
Series 12: Printed matter, subseries 12.1: scrapbooks
Printed matter [12.1.001]: Chinese in America. (1882-1884)
Printed matter [12.1.002]: Chinese in America. (1884-1889)
Printed matter [12.1.003]: China in America acknowledgements. (1887-1888)
Printed matter [12.1.004]: Chinese Games with Dice acknowledgements. (1889-1896)
Printed matter [12.1.005]: Chinese Secret Societies & Chinese Gambling Games acknowledgements. (1891)
Printed matter [12.1.006]: Korean Games. (1893-1903)
Printed matter [12.1.007]: American Folklore and American Folklore Society. (1889-1898)
Printed matter [12.1.008]: professional activities. (1887-1894)
Printed matter [12.1.009]: professional activities. (1894-1897)
Printed matter [12.1.010]: professional activities. (1898-1903)
Printed matter [12.1.011]: personal. (1875-1894)
Series 12: Printed matter, subseries 12.2: periodicals
Printed matter [12.2.001]. (1922)
Printed matter [12.2.002]. (1917-1920)
Printed matter [12.2.003]. (1919)
Printed matter [12.2.004]. (1919-1920)
Printed matter [12.2.005]. (1919-1924)
Printed matter [12.2.006]. (1920-1927)
Printed matter [12.2.007]. (1925)
Printed matter [12.2.008]. (1926)
Printed matter [12.2.009]. (1919-1922)
Printed matter [12.2.010]. (1923-1928)
Printed matter [12.2.011]. (1911-1920)
Printed matter [12.2.012]. (1921-1923)
Series 12: Printed matter, subseries 12.3: clippings
Printed matter [12.3.001]. (1884-1922)
Printed matter [12.3.002]. (1884-1922)
Printed matter [12.3.003]. (1888-1901)
Printed matter [12.3.004]. (1890-1902)
Printed matter [12.3.005]. (1898-1901)
Printed matter [12.3.006]. (1898-1901)
Printed matter [12.3.007]. (1898-1901)
Printed matter [12.3.008]. (1898-1901)
Printed matter [12.3.009]. (1898-1923)
Printed matter [12.3.010]. (1902-1913)
Printed matter [12.3.011]. (1920-1928)
Printed matter [12.3.012]: China & Japan. (06/1918-11/1919)
Printed matter [12.3.013]: China & Japan. (1919/12)
Printed matter [12.3.014]: China & Japan. (1919/12)
Printed matter [12.3.015]: China & Japan. (1920/01)
Printed matter [12.3.016]: China & Japan. (1920/01)
Printed matter [12.3.017]: China & Japan. (1920/02)
Printed matter [12.3.018]: China & Japan. (1920/03)
Printed matter [12.3.019]: China & Japan. (1920/03)
Printed matter [12.3.020]: China & Japan. (1920/04)
Printed matter [12.3.021]: China & Japan. (1920/04)
Printed matter [12.3.022]: China & Japan. (1920/04)
Printed matter [12.3.023]: China & Japan. (1920/04)
Printed matter [12.3.024]: China & Japan. (1920/05)
Printed matter [12.3.025]: China & Japan. (1920/05)
Printed matter [12.3.026]: China & Japan. (1920/05)
Printed matter [12.3.027]: China & Japan. (1920/06)
Printed matter [12.3.028]: China & Japan. (1920/06)
Printed matter [12.3.029]: China & Japan. (1920/07)
Printed matter [12.3.030]: China & Japan. (1920/07)
Printed matter [12.3.031]: China & Japan. (07/1920-08/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.032]: China & Japan. (07/1920-08/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.033]: China & Japan. (07/1920-08/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.034]: China & Japan. (07/1920-08/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.035]: China & Japan. (07/1920-08/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.036]: China & Japan. (07/1920-08/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.037]: China & Japan. (07/1920-10/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.038]: China & Japan. (07/1920-10/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.039]: China & Japan. (07/1920-10/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.040]: China & Japan. (07/1920-10/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.041]: China & Japan. (07/1920-10/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.042]: China & Japan. (1920/10)
Printed matter [12.3.043]: China & Japan. (1920/10)
Printed matter [12.3.044]: China & Japan. (1920/10)
Printed matter [12.3.045]: China & Japan. (1920/10)
Printed matter [12.3.046]: China & Japan. (1920/10)
Printed matter [12.3.047]: China & Japan. (1920/10)
Printed matter [12.3.048]: China & Japan. (10/1920-11/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.049]: China & Japan. (10/1920-11/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.050]: China & Japan. (11/1920-1913)
Printed matter [12.3.051]: China & Japan. (1920/11)
Printed matter [12.3.052]: China & Japan. (1920/11)
Printed matter [12.3.053]: China & Japan. (11/1920-12/1920)
Printed matter [12.3.054]: China & Japan. (12/1920-01/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.055]: China & Japan. (1921/01)
Printed matter [12.3.056]: China & Japan. (1921/02)
Printed matter [12.3.057]: China & Japan. (02/1921-03/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.058]: China & Japan. (03/1921-04/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.059]: China & Japan. (04/1921-05/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.060]: China & Japan. (05/1921-06/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.061]: China & Japan. (02/1921-06/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.062]: China & Japan. (07/1921-08/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.063]: China & Japan. (06/1921-07/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.064]: China & Japan. (06/1921-08/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.065]: China & Japan. (08/1921-09/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.066]: China & Japan. (08/1921-09/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.067]: China & Japan. (04/1921-09/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.068]: China & Japan. (09/1921-10/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.069]: China & Japan. (10/1921-12/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.070]: China & Japan. (1921/11)
Printed matter [12.3.071]: China & Japan. (1921/11)
Printed matter [12.3.072]: China & Japan. (1921/11)
Printed matter [12.3.073]: China & Japan. (1921/11)
Printed matter [12.3.074]: China & Japan. (11/1921-12/1921)
Printed matter [12.3.075]: China & Japan. (11/1921-02/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.076]: China & Japan. (1921/12)
Printed matter [12.3.077]: China & Japan. (01/1922-12/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.078]: China & Japan. (01/1922-11/1923)
Printed matter [12.3.079]: China & Japan. (02/1922-05/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.080]: China & Japan. (02/1922-10/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.081]: China & Japan. (05/1922-06/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.082]: China & Japan. (06/1922-12/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.083]: China & Japan. (02/1922-04/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.084]: China & Japan. (04/1922-05/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.085]: China & Japan. (05/1922-07/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.086]: China & Japan. (07/1922-08/1922)
Printed matter [12.3.087]: China & Japan. (1922/08)
Printed matter [12.3.088]: China & Japan. (01/1923-09/1923)
Printed matter [12.3.089]: China & Japan. (04/1923-10/1923)
Printed matter [12.3.090]: China & Japan. (1923/09)
Printed matter [12.3.091]: China & Japan. (1923/09)
Printed matter [12.3.092]: China & Japan. (09/1923-10/1923)
Printed matter [12.3.093]: China & Japan. (09/1923-10/1923)
Printed matter [12.3.094]: China & Japan. (10/1923-12/1923)
Printed matter [12.3.095]: China & Japan. (1923-1924)
Printed matter [12.3.096]: Hungary & Czechoslovakia. (1921)
Printed matter [12.3.097]: Hungary & Czechoslovakia. (1921)
Printed matter [12.3.098]: Hungary & Czechoslovakia. (1921-1922)
Printed matter [12.3.099]: Hungary & Czechoslovakia. (1922-1924)
Culin Materials in Other Repositories
In an effort to provide access to the full range of Culin's work, project staff contacted more than twenty institutions in the United States and Canada that potentially held Culin documentation. Culin research material that may be located in Europe and Asia was beyond the scope of this project, which focused on North American repositories.
Based on responses to our inquiries, site surveys were conducted in seven repositories, and information was gathered by mail and telephone from five additional repositories.
Survey sites and surveyors
- American Museum of Natural History, New York (K. Culkin)
- American Philosophical Society, Philadelphia (A. Pezzati)
- Bancroft Library, University of California at Berkeley
- British Columbia Archives and Records Service, Victoria
- Grace Hudson Museum, Ukiah, California
- Haffenreffer Museum of Anthropology, Brown University, Bristol Rhode Island (D. Wythe)
- Harvard University Archives, Cambridge, Massachusetts
- National Anthropological Archives, Smithsonian Institution, Washington, D.C. (K. Culkin)
- Peabody Essex Museum, Salem, Massachusetts
- Smithsonian Institution Archives, Washington, D.C. (K. Culkin)
- Southwest Museum, Los Angeles (K. Culkin)
- University of Pennsylvania Museum of Archaeology and Anthropology, Philadephia (A. Pezzati)
The following entries provide the researcher with basic information on the extent and content of holdings; more detailed information collected in the course of the survey is available to researchers at the Brooklyn Museum Archives.
Please note that most museums and archives require an appointment to consult their holdings and that a letter or call in advance is a critical first step for researchers.