Progress on all fronts

William and Elsie Jay

We are so happy that William and Elsie Peck could join us again this year. After a look around the site first thing Saturday morning (their first day), they had a chance to catch up with Jay van Rensselaer, the Johns Hopkins University Expedition’s photographer.

Start of New Square

One of our goals this year is to find out what lies under the Ptolemaic or early Roman Period houses that fill the area west of the Taharqa Gate. On January 25 we laid out a new square that spans the width of the gate and Mamdouh and his team got right to work.

Walls and Bin

It was a productive week for Mamdouh in the north end of the new square. On the left and right, mud brick walls (Ptolemaic or Roman) discovered in an earlier season run east to the gate, whose north wing can be seen in the background. By the end of the week we had found a third east-west wall between them, partially cut by a later pit. Against its south side is a large pottery bin or jar set in a neat frame of packed mud or mud brick.

Mapping and Digging

Sometimes activities overlap. Bill began mapping the baked brick building on Thursday while Mahmoud continued to work in the square next to it. We are getting a number of mud brick walls, but so far they don’t make much sense. Against the long north-south mud brick wall that defines the east side of the area we have discovered a group of pottery bins or ovens, visible in the foreground.

Ovens or Bins

Here is a closer view of the bins/ovens, which are sitting in very ashy soil and are divided by narrow mud brick walls. The west side of this grouping has not yet been defined, but the arrangement reminds very much of similar bins/ovens discovered north of the Mut Temple’s 1st Pylon in 2006.

North of Pylon Kiln, Jan 29

On the left, Abdel Aziz hands Elsie an interesting bit of pottery as he continues to clear the area north of the pylon. On Thursday, working in the area of the kiln/furnace discovered last year, he uncovered a fragment of a north-south mud brick wall (under the north arrow) east of the burnt brick area. He has also found a few more burnt bricks in the center of the area, so the kiln/furnace may be larger than we first thought.

Dr. David Aston Perisan Pottery

Dr. David Aston is a leading expert on pottery from the late New Kingdom through the Ptolemaic Period, so you can imagine how pleased we were when he agreed to come and have a look at some of our pottery on Wednesday afternoon. He was able to confirm that much of what we are finding is Ptolemaic or later (which is what we had thought), but did give us one surprise: the delicate, small jar on the right, with a very tiny neck, proved to be from the 1st Persian Period (Dynasty 27, 525-404 BC), somewhat earlier than expected. This will cause some rethinking of the area from which it came.

Chapel D, Jan 29

The restoration of the east side of Chapel D’s middle room is almost complete. The blocks are all back in place and all that remains now is to apply the final tinted coating to the repairs so that they match the color of the original stone.

Taharqa Gate Stone

With Chapel D essentially done, work could begin in earnest on the Taharqa Gate. Early in the week the south face was cleaned and fragile areas treated with a consolidant; those are the brightly colored areas. We determined that old repair (upper right) done when the gate was first discovered in 1977 was still holding, so it was left in place.

Taharqa Gate, Jan 29

Khaled and his crew are making amazing progress with the gate. Above the lowest course, the original blocks of the east end had completely disintegrated and had to be entirely replaced. By January 29, this part of the work was finished, as you can see in this view that also includes the west facade of Chapel D. Next week we can begin repositioning the decorated portions of this end of the gate. The basin in front of Sayed Ahmed rests on top of a block of the gate’s core, which is also going back together quickly.

Then, Mut Temple's 1st Court Now, Mut Temple's 1st Court

Franck Burgos, a stone mason working for the Johns Hopkins University team, gave us this print of a photograph of the west side of the Mut Temple’s 1st Court taken sometime after Margaret Benson and Janet Gourlay excavated the temple in the late 1890s. Thank you, Franck. On the right is the same view taken this week. The large Sakhmets in the old photo are clearly recognizable and are still roughly where they stood 100 years ago, although on new bases. The half-statue in the center was moved during our work in the court; it is on the extreme left in the modern photograph. Between the large statues is a gateway that was discovered by the Brooklyn expedition and fully cleared by the Hopkins expedition. The paving you can see in the older photograph once ran across the court from the gate to the temple’s main axis. In the 100 or so years between photographs it has been lost.


The precinct has obviously inspired one of our workmen; this is no ordinary wheelbarrow!