In the spirit of recent discussions about making our collection more available to view online, I wanted to take this opportunity to highlight a small but important cache of updated photographs and information relating to our Pacific Islands collection.
The islands of the Pacific Ocean are divided into four major cultural regions: Polynesia (“many islands”), Melanesia (“black islands”), Micronesia (“small islands”) and the islands of Southeast Asia. The Museum’s first-floor galleries currently display highlights from its collection of the arts of Polynesia and Island Southeast Asia. The existing installation includes some small but spectacular gems.
From Polynesia, a moko miro figure from Rapa Nui (Easter Island), for example, combines lizard, avian and human characteristics into a form whose past use is still debated among scholars.
The enigmatic and thoroughly engaging figure from the Nicobar Islands (actually located in the eastern Indian Ocean), is possibly a henta-koi, or “scare devil,” intended to keep malevolent spirits at bay. The figure stands as an exceedingly rare highlight of the collection—not only is it quite compelling on a formal level, but it also remains one of perhaps less than a handful of such sculptures known.
However, our complete collection of Pacific Islands art goes well beyond what is currently on display. The current, 1st Floor gallery is a remnant from a larger installation that once included part of the space formerly occupied by the Hall of the Americas. The Pacific collection also includes tapa cloths, jewelry, decorated weapons, and ceramic bowls, but the preponderant emphasis is on ceremonial sculpture, especially from Papua New Guinea. The arts of Melanesia—especially the Sepik River region of New Guinea, as well as New Ireland and Vanuatu—are well-represented. One of the great benefits of the Web, from the point of view of permanent collection stewardship, is the ability to keep such works in the public eye.
The breadth of our Melanesian collection, in particular, merits further exploration. The Baining mask, is an exceedingly expressive masquerade genre, danced at night amid roaring fires and drumming. A tatanua mask, from New Ireland, is one of a rich sub-collection of objects related to the malagan funerary complex.
Finally, this headdress, from the Huli people of the Highlands region of Papua New Guinea, remains a spectacularly ostentatious example of the modes of self-presentation, including body painting and feather headwear, that prevail in that region. (This headdress would have been worn on ceremonial occasions, such as dances, or by an initiate of a bachelors’ society.)
These are a small sample of the sorts of highlights that, with the help of Katie Apsey, Curatorial Assistant, our team in the Registrar’s office and the Digital Lab, are now available to peruse on the site. Come check out our 1st floor gallery, and then explore further online.