Alexandra of Jerusalem
b. 139 B.C.E., Judea (modern-day Israel); d. 67 B.C.E., Judea
Salome Alexandra of Jerusalem took the throne as an independent queen of Judea in 76 B.C.E., after the death of her husband. During her reign, Alexandra effectively mediated internal tensions and Judea experienced peace and prosperity. When she died in 67 B.C.E., it was as the last ruler of an independent Jewish state in Palestine, as a civil war began almost immediately upon her son’s succession.