Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art: The Dinner Party: Heritage Floor: Ruth Benedict

signature image

Judy Chicago (American, b. 1939). The Dinner Party (Heritage Floor; detail), 1974–79. Porcelain with rainbow and gold luster, 48 x 48 x 48 ft. (14.6 x 14.6 x 14.6 m). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of the Elizabeth A. Sackler Foundation, 2002.10. © Judy Chicago. Photograph by Jook Leung Photography

Ruth Benedict
b. 1887, New York; d. 1948, New York

Ruth Benedict's life and work shaped the discipline of anthropology in the United States and throughout the world. She studied at Columbia University under Franz Boas, whose egalitarian and antiracist approach to culture deeply influenced her own work. Benedict developed a new and innovative methodology, focusing on the choices and behavior of individuals as a key to cultural themes. "The purpose of anthropology," she stated, "is to make the world safe for human differences" (Haviland, Cultural Anthropology, 133). Her emphasis on socialization implicitly critiqued theories of nature and inborn temperament. Benedict taught at Columbia University for more than twenty years and published several books, including Patterns of Culture (1934), a classic in the field; Zuni Mythology (1935); Race: Science and Politics (1940), a refutation of racist theories of culture; and The Chrysanthemum and the Sword (1946).

Related Place Setting

Margaret Sanger

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Jane Addams
Inesse Armand
Sylvia Ashton-Warner
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Yekaterina Breshkovskaya
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Elizabeth Gurley Flynn
Elizabeth Fry
Emma Goldman
Dolores Ibarruri
Mary "Mother" Jones
Rachel Katznelson
Helen Keller
Aleksandra Kollantay
Nadezhda Krupskaya
Rosa Luxemburg
Margaret Mead

Golda Meir
Louise Michel
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Emma Paterson
Frances Perkins
Sofia Perovskaya
Gabrielle Petit
Jeannette Rankin
Ellen Richards
Eleanor Roosevelt
Augustina Saragossa
Hannah Senesh
Marie Stopes
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Primary Sources

Haviland, William A. Cultural Anthropology: The Human Challenge. 11th ed. Belmont, California: Thomson Wadsworth, 2005.