Shub-Ad of Ur
Flourished circa 2500 B.C.E., Ur, Sumer (modern-day Iraq)
Queen Shub-Ad, also known as Pu-Abi, “Word of my Father,” lived in Ur, an ancient Mesopotamian city, circa 2600–2500 B.C.E. during the Third Dynasty. What we know of her mostly comes from her tomb, which was excavated at Ur between 1926 and 1932. It contained more wealth than any of the other tombs, as well as the skeletons of five soldiers and twenty-three female servants who had been poisoned and buried to serve Pu-Abi in her next life. Symbols on her tomb identify her as both queen and priestess.