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Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886). The First Harvest in the Wilderness, 1855. Oil on canvas. Transferred from the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences to the Brooklyn Museum, 97.12


                          
                          Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886). The First Harvest in the Wilderness, 1855. Oil on canvas. Transferred from the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences to the Brooklyn Museum, 97.12

Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886). The First Harvest in the Wilderness, 1855. Oil on canvas. Transferred from the Brooklyn Institute of Arts and Sciences to the Brooklyn Museum, 97.12

<p>Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886). <i>Kindred Spirits</i>, 1849. Oil on canvas. Crystal Bridges—Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas</p>

Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886). Kindred Spirits, 1849. Oil on canvas. Crystal Bridges—Museum of American Art, Bentonville, Arkansas

Kindred Spirits was commissioned by the merchant-collector Jonathan Sturges as a gift for William Cullen Bryant in gratitude for the nature poet’s moving eulogy to Thomas Cole, who had died suddenly in early 1848. Durand marshaled his skills as draftsman, genre painter, portraitist, and landscape painter to create a remarkable image. He memorialized Cole, who had been his own mentor, forever standing in a deep Catskill gorge, sketch portfolio in one hand and his recorder in the other, in company with their mutual friend Bryant.

The botanical precision of the mountain forest and foreground trees marks the new direction toward realism in Durand’s work. The gorge and the torrent embody geological process as well as sublime grandeur. The two figures might as easily be discussing their mutual fascination with the science of geology as meditating on the Romantic sonnet by John Keats for which the painting is named.
<p>Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886). <i>Study from Nature: Rocks and Trees in the Catskills, New York</i>, circa 1856. Oil on canvas. The New-York Historical Society Museum, Gift of Lucy Maria Durand Woodman, 1907.20</p>

Asher B. Durand (American, 1796–1886). Study from Nature: Rocks and Trees in the Catskills, New York, circa 1856. Oil on canvas. The New-York Historical Society Museum, Gift of Lucy Maria Durand Woodman, 1907.20

Kindred Spirits: Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape

March 30–July 29, 2007

This exhibition of nearly sixty works is the first monographic exhibition devoted to Asher B. Durand’s career in more than thirty-five years. Durand was both an influential artist and the acknowledged dean of the American landscape school from his election as president of the National Academy of Design in 1845 until his death at the age of ninety in 1886. Consequently, Durand was the natural choice for the Brooklyn Institute’s very first commission: The First Harvest in the Wilderness (1855)—the cornerstone of the Brooklyn Museum’s American painting collection. Newly discovered works, new information, and new approaches to the study of art history necessitate another look at Durand’s contribution. Most important, this career retrospective displays together some of the most beautiful and famous American landscape paintings of the nineteenth century.

This exhibition is organized for the Brooklyn Museum by Linda S. Ferber, Vice President and Museum Director of the New-York Historical Society and former Andrew W. Mellon Curator of American Art and Chair, Department of American Art, Brooklyn Museum.

Kindred Spirits: Asher B. Durand and the American Landscape is made possible by the Henry Luce Foundation.

Additional generous support is provided by Cheryl and Blair Effron, Barbara G. Fleischman and Martha J. Fleischman, the Gilder Foundation, and the Brooklyn Museum American Art Council.

Tour: Smithsonian American Art Museum, Washington, D.C., September 14, 2007–January 6, 2008; San Diego Museum of Art, February 2–April 27, 2008.

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