Robert Indiana: The Confederacy: Alabama

In his four-painting Confederacy series, Robert Indiana merged Pop form and activist messaging to indict the systemic racism then violently at work in Alabama, Mississippi, Florida, and Louisiana. Deliberately avoiding sensationalized images of violence, Indiana enlisted the authority of stenciled commercial lettering and sharp-edged areas of color to deliver an unequivocal condemnation. He additionally highlighted on the "map" of each state a place where heinous acts of violence had recently taken place.