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General John Charles Frémont

A western explorer, maverick soldier, and failed politician, John Frémont championed the antislavery cause as the first presidential candidate of the new Republican party in 1856, only to lose to James Buchanan. Appointed by Abraham Lincoln to head the Union army's Department of the West in 1861, Frémont provoked the president's ire when he single-handedly confiscated the property and emancipated the slaves of pro-South Missourians. He considered a second run fro president in 1864—representing Lincoln's Radical Republican opponents within the party.

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