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Although the canine-shaped god Anubis is often represented as the divine embalmer, the recorder at the judgment of the dead, and/or the escort of the deceased to the underworld, he is sometimes also the guardian of the mummy. This figurine of Anubis perched on the lid of a coffin or sarcophagus, where it served a protective purpose. Various seals from both royal and private tombs show Anubis dominating nine bound prisoners symbolic of Egypt's enemies and, on a more abstract level, all harmful forces.

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