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Ramesside Mummy Board

During the Ramesside Period a new element was added to Egyptian burial equipment: a flat, full-length mummiform covering made of wood, placed directly over the corpse. The most significant feature of these so-called mummy boards is that they depict the deceased in the dress of everyday life and not as a mummy, marking a shift toward a more lifelike depiction of the dead.

Gone, along with most of the coaling of painted plaster, are the inscriptions that would have identified the owner of this mummy board. Nonetheless, the hole in the chin for a ceremonial beard and the position of the arms at the sides rather than folded over the chest make it clear that the deceased was a man. In his left hand he holds a handkerchief and an ankh-sign, the latter an item usually reserved for royalty.


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