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Statue of a Civil Minister

Asian Art

MEDIUM Granite
  • Place Made: Korea
  • DATES 15th-16th century
    DYNASTY Joseon Dynasty
    DIMENSIONS 53 x 14 in. (134.6 x 35.6 cm)  (show scale)
    COLLECTIONS Asian Art
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    ACCESSION NUMBER 85.18
    CREDIT LINE Caroline A.L. Pratt Fund
    RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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    CAPTION Statue of a Civil Minister, 15th-16th century. Granite, 53 x 14 in. (134.6 x 35.6 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Caroline A.L. Pratt Fund, 85.18. Creative Commons-BY
    IMAGE overall, 85.18.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION The present Tomb Guardian represents a high ranking court minister standing fully frontal in an attitude of reverance. He is a civil official rather than a military one. He wears Confucian court costume with a full length robe, pendant sleeves and a boxlike court hat. The toes of court shoes appear beneath the edge of his robe. A ceremonial apron indicating court rank hangs from his belt. His hands are clasped before his chest holding a wooden baton of office of the type carried at an audience with the king. A stone image such as this was meant to serve symbolically the deceased king as a loyal court minister in the spirit world. Pairs of figures such as this stood on either side along the avenue leading to an important person's tomb. From original catalogue card. Condition: Tip of nose broken away. Surface somewhat weathered. This "civil minister stone" (muninseok) of the late Joseon dynasty was a burial item used to decorate the graves of Joseon elites. It would have been placed on a burial site along with other stone figures such as a "military minister stones" (muinseok) and animals. The tradition of adorning graves with various human and animal stone sculptures dates back to the Unified Silla period, when people began to honor deceased royals and aristocrats by erecting various stone forms around their graves. The highly stylized depiction of the figure and the lack of details lead art historians to believe that this was carved at a relatively recent date. From "Korean Art Collection in the Brooklyn Museum" catalogue.
    RECORD COMPLETENESS Good (73%)
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