Painting No. 48
On View: American Identities: A New Look, Modern Life, 5th Floor
A member of New York's cultural vanguard in the early decades of the twentieth century, Marsden Hartley embraced a modernist style long before many of his American peers. With the support of Alfred Stieglitz, a progressive photographer and gallery owner, Hartley spent the years between 1912 and 1915 in Paris and Berlin, where he was exposed to the latest artistic trends of Cubism and Expressionism. This painting displays these influences in its vibrant colors, loose brushwork, and arrangement of abstract, geometric forms. The numeral 8 appears prominently in the composition and seems to explode into the foreground. According to the artist, the picture represents the mystical embodiment of "eight," a number generally associated with spiritual transcendence. Although Hartley offered no additional explanation, hints of his experience of pre-World War I Germany emerge in motifs that suggest the insignia and epaulets of soldiers' uniforms and the brash sounds of military bands.
Oil on canvas
47 3/16 x 47 3/16in. (119.9 x 119.9cm) (show scale)
Dick S. Ramsay Fund
No known copyright restrictions
This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please contact email@example.com
The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act.
The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals.
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
Marsden Hartley (American, 1877-1943). Painting No. 48, 1913. Oil on canvas, 47 3/16 x 47 3/16in. (119.9 x 119.9cm). Brooklyn Museum, Dick S. Ramsay Fund, 58.158
overall, 58.158_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.