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James Alexander Fulton of Mount Erin

Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de Saint-Mémin

American Art

In this portrait of a Virginia plantation owner, the French émigré and itinerant artist Charles de Saint-Mémin achieved his precise realism with the aid of a physiognotrace, a mechanical device for tracing a silhouette. After establishing the outline of the head, the artist described the details of the sitter’s appearance with different media that capture a variety of textures and forms.

The vogue for profile portraits on both sides of the Atlantic about 1800 was influenced by Neoclassical taste, as well as by popular ideas on physiognomy, a pseudoscientific notion that a person’s character was manifest in the shapes of his or her facial features. Saint-Mémin produced nearly a thousand images of prominent sitters during his years in the United States, including a companion to this one, of Fulton’s wife, Elizabeth (on display nearby).
MEDIUM Black crayon, pastel, charcoal, and white chalk on paper coated with pink opaque watercolor and pastel mounted to wood-pulp board
DATES ca. 1808
DIMENSIONS sheet: 21 5/16 x 15 1/4 in. (54.1 x 38.7 cm)  (show scale)
MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
CREDIT LINE Museum Collection Fund
RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
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CAPTION Charles Balthazar Julien Févret de Saint-Mémin (French, 1770-1852, active in America 1793-1814). James Alexander Fulton of Mount Erin, ca. 1808. Black crayon, pastel, charcoal, and white chalk on paper coated with pink opaque watercolor and pastel mounted to wood-pulp board, sheet: 21 5/16 x 15 1/4 in. (54.1 x 38.7 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Museum Collection Fund, 30.1104
IMAGE overall, 30.1104_PS2.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2009
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