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Two Halves of Handle of a Votive Knife

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

On View: Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity, 19th Dynasty to Roman Period, Martha A. and Robert S. Rubin Gallery, 3rd Floor

These two halves of a knife handle inscribed with the names of Seti I reflect Asiatic designs introduced to Egypt by the Hyksos sometime before Dynasty XVIII (circa 1539–1295 B.C.). The shape is characteristic of the grips of sickle-shaped Hyksos blades, and the spiral motif is found or. countless Hyksos scarabs. The intricate craftsmanship and the use of gold, which is not a durable metal, suggest that the knife had a ceremonial, not a practical, function. In fact, the knife may have been given to Seti I at his coronation. Two wall reliefs at his temple at Abydos depict the gods Amun-Re and Horus presenting him with an identically shaped knife as a divine guarantee of unending sovereignty. The decoration of the ends of the handle with lotus and papyrus blossoms, the heraldic plants of southern and northern Egypt respectively, further indicates that the knife was connected with a kingship ritual.

MEDIUM Bronze, inlaid with copper and gold
  • Place Made: Egypt
  • DATES ca. 1294-1279 B.C.E.
    DYNASTY XIX Dynasty
    PERIOD New Kingdom
    DIMENSIONS 2 1/16 x 4 13/16 in. (5.3 x 12.3 cm)  (show scale)
    ACCESSION NUMBER 49.167a-b
    CREDIT LINE Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
    RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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    CAPTION Two Halves of Handle of a Votive Knife, ca. 1294-1279 B.C.E. Bronze, inlaid with copper and gold, 2 1/16 x 4 13/16 in. (5.3 x 12.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 49.167a-b. Creative Commons-BY
    IMAGE front, 49.167_front_PS1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2005
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