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Temple Relief of Ramses II and the Goddess Anat

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

On View: Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity, 19th Dynasty to Roman Period, Martha A. and Robert S. Rubin Gallery, 3rd Floor

Egyptian kings were considered part human and part divine. Preserved here are parts of two shrines, each with a standing image of Ramesses II surmounted by a sun disk and protective cobras. The female figure in the left shrine is Anat-of-Ramesses-Beloved-of-Amun, a form of the Near Eastern goddess Anat that was worshiped in Egypt and may here be a manifestation of a divine aspect of Ramesses. Although this relief may come from a temple, it somewhat resembles blocks from a private tomb at Saqqara showing seated pair statues of Ramesses with a deity in a similar combination of raised and sunk relief. The tomb scene may commemorate one of the Sed-festivals of royal renewal that Ramesses began celebrating in his thirtieth year as pharaoh. Even if carved that late in Ramesses's reign, the figures here are stylistically similar to some images of his earlier year as king.

MEDIUM Limestone
  • Possible Place Collected: Saqqara, Egypt
  • DATES ca. 1279-1213 B.C.E.
    DYNASTY XIX Dynasty
    PERIOD New Kingdom
    DIMENSIONS 13 3/16 x 25 1/16 in. (33.5 x 63.7 cm)  (show scale)
    ACCESSION NUMBER 54.67
    CREDIT LINE Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
    RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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    CAPTION Temple Relief of Ramses II and the Goddess Anat, ca. 1279-1213 B.C.E. Limestone, 13 3/16 x 25 1/16 in. (33.5 x 63.7 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 54.67. Creative Commons-BY
    IMAGE overall, 54.67_negB_bw_IMLS.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION Limestone temple relief. At left, Ramses II, wearing Blue Crown, followed by the goddess Anat. Duplicate scene to right of which only figure of king is preserved. Figure of king in combined raised and sunk relief and preserved only to torso. Condition: Incomplete. Broken in two through figure of Anat. Relief has been cut very thin. Right figure of Ramses II badly chipped. Lower edge of relief unevenly broken.
    RECORD COMPLETENESS Best (86%)
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