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Large Ushabti of Taharqa

Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art

On View: Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity, Temples and Tombs, Martha A. and Robert S. Rubin Gallery, 3rd Floor
The Egyptians manufactured funerary figurines, originally called shabties, as early as Dynasty 12 (1932–1759 B.C.E.). The earliest shabties are inscribed with either the deceased’s name (see nos. 1 and 2) or a simple form of Chapter 6 of the Book of the Dead. The rarity and high quality of the early shabties suggest that they were costly items produced for privileged persons.

Later, Chapter 6 began appearing more frequently on funerary figurines. The text mentions that they do agricultural tasks for the dead person: irrigating the fields, cultivating crops, and clearing away sand that blew in from the nearby desert.

As substitutes for the deceased, these figurines were sometimes given their own sarcophagi (see no. 6). To emphasize the agricultural function of the figurines, hoes and grain baskets were added to them (no. 8).

Wood (nos. 9–11), stone (nos. 12–14, 16), faience (no. 17), metal, and other materials were used beginning in Dynasty 18. By the end of the New Kingdom, statuettes for a single person were often mold-made by the hundreds and even thousands. Faience became the medium of choice, first in blue and later in light green or light blue (nos. 17, 20, 21).
CULTURE Nubian
MEDIUM Ankerite
DATES 690-664 B.C.E.
DYNASTY XXV Dynasty
PERIOD Third Intermediate Period
DIMENSIONS 15 1/2 x 5 1/4 x 3 1/4 in. (39.4 x 13.3 x 8.3 cm)  (show scale)
ACCESSION NUMBER 39.3
CREDIT LINE By exchange
RIGHTS STATEMENT Creative Commons-BY
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CAPTION Nubian. Large Ushabti of Taharqa, 690-664 B.C.E. Ankerite, 15 1/2 x 5 1/4 x 3 1/4 in. (39.4 x 13.3 x 8.3 cm). Brooklyn Museum, By exchange, 39.3. Creative Commons-BY
IMAGE front, 39.3_front_PS2.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2009
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION Large mottled brown granite ushabti of Tirhaqa (688-663 BC). This ushabti is of the same type as 39.2 the stone is a very beautiful reddish-brown granite (?), with mottled blue and black veining. Condition: The back of the figure is worn apparently due to the action of water. The front is in perfect condition. Excellent workmanship.
RECORD COMPLETENESS Good (71%)
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