Eastman Johnson used this sketchbook while enrolled in an anatomy class at the Düsseldorf Royal Academy in Germany. The meticulous, almost scientific precision of his skeleton studies reveals the school’s emphasis on draftsmanship and anatomical knowledge as fundamental tools for the artist. Many of the drawings include grids and other geometric guidelines, as well as notations about ideal proportions of the human body. Johnson parlayed his academic training into a successful career as a painter of American genre subjects.
Graphite on beige, medium weight, slightly textured laid paper
Sketchbook: 17 1/8 x 11 1/16 x 3/8 in. (43.5 x 28.1 x 1 cm) (show scale)
Inscribed on label on front cover of book: "E Johnson / Royal Academy of Düsseldorf / Anatomical class. / 1849"
This item is not on view
Gift of Albert Duveen
No known copyright restrictions
This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please contact firstname.lastname@example.org
The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act.
The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals.
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact email@example.com
Eastman Johnson (American, 1824-1906). Anatomy Sketchbook, 1849. Graphite on beige, medium weight, slightly textured laid paper, Sketchbook: 17 1/8 x 11 1/16 x 3/8 in. (43.5 x 28.1 x 1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Gift of Albert Duveen, 40.61
page, pages 2-3, 40.61_page02-03_bw_IMLS.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Sketchbook of 21 leaves bound between cardboard covers lined with dark brown marbled paper. Contains the following anatomical sketches:
Inside front cover: sketch of man's head
Page 1: gridded studies of skull and top and profile view of bones of foot
Page 2: color notations, including "light blues", "light yellow", "dark", "dark bluish", "blue", "[illegible] / dark cool"
Page 3: sketch of skull
Pages 5, 7, & 9: studies of torso of skeleton
Page 11: studies of arm bones
Pages 13 & 15: studies of leg bone
Pages 18-19: gridded outlines of male body (profile, rear, & frontal views)
Page 21: several vertical grid lines (no other drawing)
Page 23: gridded outline of male body
Page 25: gridded outline of female body (front and rear views)
Page 26: short list of measurements in upper right
Page 27-28: page missing (cut out)
Page 29: inscription at top of page, "Venus of Milo 66 inches high -- From the [facis?] to line D 15 1/2 in. ... " [long list of proportional measurements]
Remaining pages blank
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.