Receipt for a Grain Loan
In the fifth century B.C.E., Egypt’s Elephantine Island was home to Egyptians, Persians, and Jews. This document comes from the archive of a Jewish family whose first language was Aramaic rather than Egyptian. It states that in December 402 B.C.E., Ananiah, son of Haggai, borrowed two monthly rations of grain from Pakhnum, son of Besa, an Aramaean with an Egyptian name. This receipt would have been kept by Pakhnum and returned to Ananiah when he repaid the loan. No interest is charged on the loan, but there is a penalty for failing to repay it on the appointed date.
- Culture: Aramaic
- Medium: Papyrus, ink, mud
- Dates: December, 402 B.C.E.
- Dynasty: XXVIII Dynasty
- Period: Late Period
- Dimensions: a: Glass: 14 15/16 x 16 1/4 in. (38 x 41.2 cm) a: Object: 11 13/16 x 13 3/4 in. (30 x 35 cm) Mud Seal 47.218.93b: 7/16 x 9/16 in. (1.1 x 1.5 cm) (show scale)
- Collections:Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
- Museum Location: This item is on view in Egypt Reborn: Art for Eternity, 19th Dynasty to Roman Period, Martha A. and Robert S. Rubin Gallery, 3rd Floor
- Accession Number: 47.218.93a-b
- Credit Line: Bequest of Theodora Wilbour from the collection of her father, Charles Edwin Wilbour
- Rights Statement: No known copyright restrictions
- Caption: Aramaic. Receipt for a Grain Loan, December, 402 B.C.E. Papyrus, ink, mud, a: Glass: 14 15/16 x 16 1/4 in. (38 x 41.2 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Bequest of Theodora Wilbour from the collection of her father, Charles Edwin Wilbour, 47.218.93a-b
- Record Completeness: Good (72%)