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Saint John of God

European Art

PAINTINGS IN SPANISH COLONIAL HOMES
The enormous number of paintings acquired by private collectors in colonial Spanish America is borne out by evidence in testamentary, dowry, and other documents of the period. From urban centers to frontier areas, paintings by European and New World artists depicting religious and secular subjects decorated the homes of Creole, peninsular Spanish, mestizo (people of mixed race), and indigenous men and women.

The five Andean paintings on this wall were produced for a growing art market by anonymous artists in the workshops of Cuzco. Paintings of religious subjects were prevalent in Spanish America but uncommon in colonial British America; one exception was the New York scripture paintings made for Upper Hudson and Mohawk Valley Dutch families (see illustration).

Elite Spanish American homes also displayed Spanish and Flemish paintings, which annually traveled to the New World by way of Spanish ships and were marketed by merchants throughout Spanish America.


LAS PINTURAS EN LAS CASAS COLONIALES ESPAÑOLAS
El enorme número de pinturas adquiridas por los coleccionistas privados en la Hispanoamérica colonial es evidente en testamentos, dotes y otros documentos de la época. Tanto en los centros urbanos como en las áreas fronterizas, pinturas de artistas europeos y del Nuevo Mundo que representaban temas religiosos y seculares decoraban las casas de criollos, españoles peninsulares, mestizos y también de hombres y mujeres indígenas.

Las cinco pinturas andinas sobre esta pared fueron pintadas por artistas anónimos en talleres de Cuzco para el creciente mercado artístico local. Aunque en Hispanoamérica predominaban las pinturas religiosas, este género era muy poco común en la América colonial británica; una excepción fueron las pinturas de las Sagradas Escrituras hechas en Nueva York para las familias holandesas de los Valles del Hudson Superior y del Mohawk (ver ilustración).

Las casas de la élite hispanoamericana también exhibían pinturas españolas y flamencas, que cada año viajaban al Nuevo Mundo en barcos españoles para ser ofrecidas por comerciantes en toda Hispanoamérica.

FORMER ATTRIBUTION Pedro Nolasco y Lara, Peruvian
MEDIUM Oil on canvas
  • Place Made: Cuzco, Peru
  • DATES 18th century
    PERIOD Colonial Period
    DIMENSIONS 39 3/4 x 59 1/2in. (101 x 151.1cm) frame: 42 5/16 x 62 1/4 x 2 1/2 in. (107.5 x 158.1 x 6.4 cm)  (show scale)
    COLLECTIONS European Art
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is not on view
    ACCESSION NUMBER 41.1275.190
    CREDIT LINE Museum Expedition 1941, Frank L. Babbott Fund
    RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
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    CAPTION Cuzco School. Saint John of God, 18th century. Oil on canvas, 39 3/4 x 59 1/2in. (101 x 151.1cm). Brooklyn Museum, Museum Expedition 1941, Frank L. Babbott Fund, 41.1275.190
    IMAGE x-ray, detail, CONS.41.1275.190_1992_xrs_detail07.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 1992
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    RECORD COMPLETENESS Best (92%)
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