Collections: European Art: The Legend of Santa Sophronia

  • 1st Floor
    Arts of Africa, Steinberg Family Sculpture Garden
  • 2nd Floor
    Arts of Asia and the Islamic World
  • 3rd Floor
    Egyptian Art, European Paintings
  • 4th Floor
    Contemporary Art, Decorative Arts, Elizabeth A. Sackler Center for Feminist Art
  • 5th Floor
    Luce Center for American Art

On View: God the Father with Four Angels and the Dove of the Holy Spirit

The artist, born and trained in Padua, reveals his Northern Italian origin in his intensely linear style, focused in particular on the decor...

Hiroshige's One Hundred Famous Views of Edo

Hiroshige's 118 woodblock landscape and genre scenes of mid-nineteenth-century Tokyo, is one of the greatest achievements of Japanese art.

    On View: Figure of a Man Holding a Crocodile

    Nothing is known for certain about the original use of stone carvings such as this one, since the area in which they were made suffered seve...


    Want to add this object to a set? Please join the Posse, or log in.


    48.206.88_PS6.jpg 48.206.88_SL1.jpg 48.206.88_detail.jpg 48.206.88_view1_acetate_bw.jpg 48.206.88_view2_acetate_bw.jpg

    The Legend of Santa Sophronia

    The enormous number of paintings acquired by private collectors in colonial Spanish America is borne out by evidence in testamentary, dowry, and other documents of the period. From urban centers to frontier areas, paintings by European and New World artists depicting religious and secular subjects decorated the homes of Creole, peninsular Spanish, mestizo (people of mixed race), and indigenous men and women.

    The five Andean paintings on this wall were produced for a growing art market by anonymous artists in the workshops of Cuzco. Paintings of religious subjects were prevalent in Spanish America but uncommon in colonial British America; one exception was the New York scripture paintings made for Upper Hudson and Mohawk Valley Dutch families (see illustration).

    Elite Spanish American homes also displayed Spanish and Flemish paintings, which annually traveled to the New World by way of Spanish ships and were marketed by merchants throughout Spanish America.

    El enorme número de pinturas adquiridas por los coleccionistas privados en la Hispanoamérica colonial es evidente en testamentos, dotes y otros documentos de la época. Tanto en los centros urbanos como en las áreas fronterizas, pinturas de artistas europeos y del Nuevo Mundo que representaban temas religiosos y seculares decoraban las casas de criollos, españoles peninsulares, mestizos y también de hombres y mujeres indígenas.

    Las cinco pinturas andinas sobre esta pared fueron pintadas por artistas anónimos en talleres de Cuzco para el creciente mercado artístico local. Aunque en Hispanoamérica predominaban las pinturas religiosas, este género era muy poco común en la América colonial británica; una excepción fueron las pinturas de las Sagradas Escrituras hechas en Nueva York para las familias holandesas de los Valles del Hudson Superior y del Mohawk (ver ilustración).

    Las casas de la élite hispanoamericana también exhibían pinturas españolas y flamencas, que cada año viajaban al Nuevo Mundo en barcos españoles para ser ofrecidas por comerciantes en toda Hispanoamérica.

    This text refers to these objects: ' 41.1275.185; 41.1275.190; 48.206.85; 48.206.88; 41.1275.189

    • Artist: Cuzco School
    • Medium: Oil on canvas
    • Place Made: Cuzco, Peru
    • Dates: late 17th century
    • Period: Colonial Period
    • Dimensions: 21 x 87in. (53.3 x 221cm) frame: 23 7/16 x 89 5/8 x 2 3/8 in. (59.5 x 227.6 x 6 cm)  (show scale)
    • Inscriptions: Inscribed on tree at right: "SOPHRO/NIA"
    • Collections:European Art
    • Museum Location: This item is on view in American Identities: A New Look, American Landscape/Colony to Nation, 5th Floor
    • Exhibitions:
    • Accession Number: 48.206.88
    • Credit Line: Frank L. Babbott Fund, Frank Sherman Benson Fund, Carll H. de Silver Fund, A. Augustus Healy Fund, Caroline A.L. Pratt Fund, Charles Stewart Smith Memorial Fund, and Ella C. Woodward Memorial Fund
    • Rights Statement: No known copyright restrictions
    • Caption: Cuzco School. The Legend of Santa Sophronia, late 17th century. Oil on canvas, 21 x 87in. (53.3 x 221cm). Brooklyn Museum, Frank L. Babbott Fund, Frank Sherman Benson Fund, Carll H. de Silver Fund, A. Augustus Healy Fund, Caroline A.L. Pratt Fund, Charles Stewart Smith Memorial Fund, and Ella C. Woodward Memorial Fund, 48.206.88
    • Image: overall, 48.206.88_view1_acetate_bw.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
    • Record Completeness: Best (93%)
    advanced 110,582 records currently online.

    Separate each tag with a space: painting portrait.

    Or join words together in one tag by using double quotes: "Brooklyn Museum."

    Please review the comment guidelines before posting.

    Before you comment...

    We get a lot of comments, so before you post yours, check to see if your issue is addressed by one of the questions below. Click on a question to see our answer:

    Why are some objects not on view?

    The Museum’s permanent collections are very large and only a fraction of these can be on exhibition at any given time. Sometimes works are lent to other museums for special exhibitions; sometimes they are in the conservation laboratory for study or maintenance. Certain types of objects, such as watercolors, textiles, and photographs, are sensitive to light and begin to fade if they are exposed for too long, so their exhibition time is limited. Finally, as large as the Museum is, there is not enough room to display everything in the collections. In order to present our best works, collections are rotated periodically.

    How do I find out how much an object in the Brooklyn Museum collections is worth?

    The Museum does not disclose the monetary values of objects in its collections.

    Can you tell me the value of an artwork that I own?

    The Museum does not provide monetary appraisals. To determine the value of an object or to find an appraiser, you may contact the Art Dealers Association of America or the American Society of Appraisers.

    I own a similar object. Can you tell me more about it?

    Please submit via e-mail a photograph of the object you own and as much information about it as you can, and we will provide any additional information we are able to find. Please note that research in our files is a lengthy process, and you may not have a response for some time.

    How would I go about lending or gifting a work to the Museum or seeing if the Museum is interested in purchasing a work that I own?

    Please submit via e-mail a photograph of the object you would like us to consider, as well as all of the information you have about it, and your offer will be forwarded to the appropriate curator. The Brooklyn Museum collections are very rich, and we have many works that are not currently on exhibition; because of this, and because storage space is limited, we are very selective about adding works. However, the collection has become what it is today through the generosity of the public, and we continue to be grateful for this generosity, which can still lead to exciting new acquisitions.

    How can I get a reproduction of a work in your collection?

    Please see the Museum’s information on Image Services.

    How can I show my work to someone at the Museum or be considered for an exhibition?

    Please see the Museum’s Artist Submission Guidelines.

    Why do many objects not have photographs and/or complete descriptions?

    The Museum's collection is very large, and we are constantly in the process of adding photographs and descriptions to works that do not currently have them, or replacing photographs that have deteriorated beyond use and descriptions that are minimal or out of date. This is a long and expensive process that takes time.

    How can I find a conservator or get advice on how to treat my artwork?

    Please visit the American Institute for Conservation, which has a feature on how to find a conservator.

    I have a comment or question which is not included in this list.

    Join the posse or log in to work with our collections. Your tags, comments and favorites will display with your attribution.