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Elizabeth A.Sackler Center for Feminist Art

Marie Colinet

b. circa 1560, Geneva; d. circa 1640, Switzerland

Midwife and surgeon Marie Colinet advanced the procedure of caesarean section delivery in Germany. Her husband, Wilhelm Fabry, also a surgeon, is known today as the “father of German surgery.” In 1624, assisting her husband in his medical practice, Marie used a magnet to extract steel from a patient’s eye. Although Wilhelm credited her with inventing the technique in his written description of it, medical historicans usually attribute it to him.