Don José María Gómez de Cervantes y Altamirano de Velasco, Count of Santiago de Calimaya
On View: American Art Galleries, 5th Floor, From Colonies to States, 1660–1830
Home Luxuries, North and South
Made thousands of miles apart, these two sets of paired objects reveal both similarities and differences between British American and Spanish American luxury goods. Both William Allen and Don José María Gómez de Cervantes y Altamirano de Velasco are depicted in relatively simple standing half-length portraits that belie the wealth and prominence of the two sitters. Allen was the great-grandson of one of Virginia Colony’s most prestigious settlers. Don José María was the descendant of two old, distinguished Creole (American-born Spaniard) families in New Spain, in what would become Mexico.
The two tables share a common design source—The Gentleman and Cabinet Maker’s Director (1754), by the English cabinetmaker Thomas Chippendale. The volume contains illustrations of domestic furniture in the popular Rococo style, whose curvilinear silhouettes derive from the court style of Louis XV of France.
The low height of the table on the right reflects the influence of Islamic culture, which permeated Spain during the Middle Ages and was brought to the New World by Spanish colonists. At home in Spanish America, the hostess entertained her female guests in the cuadra de estrado, or women’s sitting room, seated on cushions on the floor around a low table. In contrast, British Americans would have sat on side chairs around a taller tea table such as this tray-top version.
Oil on canvas
33 x 25 1/8in. (83.8 x 63.8cm)
frame: 38 x 30 x 2 in. (96.5 x 76.2 x 5.1 cm) (show scale)
Signed and dated lower right " Ygnacio Ayala pto. Mo. a. 1802."
Inscribed across the bottom: "El Sor. Dn Joseph Ma Cervantes y Velasco Padilla y Obando, de 17 años de edad./año de 1802."
Museum Collection Fund and Dick S. Ramsay Fund
No known copyright restrictions
This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement.
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act.
The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals.
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact email@example.com
Ignacio Ayala (Mexican, 1786-1856). Don José María Gómez de Cervantes y Altamirano de Velasco, Count of Santiago de Calimaya, 1802. Oil on canvas, 33 x 25 1/8in. (83.8 x 63.8cm). Brooklyn Museum, Museum Collection Fund and Dick S. Ramsay Fund, 52.166.7 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 52.166.7_SL1.jpg)
overall, 52.166.7_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Don Jose Maria Cervantes y Velasco Padilla y Obando (1786-1856).
An oil painting sighed by Ygnacio Ayala showing Don Jose Maria at the age of 17 years. He is wearing a green coat embroidered with red. etc. Flowers down the front with a lace jaboe and high stock. He carries his hat under his left arm and his right hand is in his vest. This is a three-quarter view and length with him facing to the left. This Don Jose Maria was one of the signers of the Mexican Act of Independence, and a Brigidier General in the Army of the Republic, and Chancellor of the Mexican Order of Guadalupe.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.