Writing Exercise Tablet
Egyptian, Classical, Ancient Near Eastern Art
4th century C.E.
6 3/4 x 5 3/16 x 1/4 in. (17.2 x 13.2 x 0.7 cm) (show scale)
This item is not on view
Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund
You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this three-dimensional work in accordance with a Creative Commons license
. Fair use, as understood under the United States Copyright Act, may also apply.
Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form
For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress
, Cornell University
, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums
, and Copyright Watch
For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright
If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact email@example.com
Writing Exercise Tablet, 4th century C.E. Wood, wax, 6 3/4 x 5 3/16 x 1/4 in. (17.2 x 13.2 x 0.7 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Charles Edwin Wilbour Fund, 37.473E. Creative Commons-BY (Photo: , 37.473E_front_PS11.jpg)
front, 37.473E_front_PS11.jpg., 2017
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Writing tablets, or pugillaris, belonging a schoolboy named Theophilos, son of Martyrios. First of five wooden writing tablets bound together. The writing tablet grouping is arranged in the following order: 37.473E, 37.1909E, 37.474E, 37.1910E, and 37.1908E. The unwaxed surface of this tablet served as the cover. The opposite waxed surface is the master's copy of gnomic verses in Greek consisting of six lines.
"When anyone doing evil things
speaks good things
and does not escape the notice of him who is present
Twofold beams the evil to him.
Of when doing ill, a man beames vicious words
nor hides the secret from the stander by twofold
To him become the wickedness"
Probably a fragment of Menandes.
Condition: Good. The blackened wax in the one recess retains extensive inscriptions. There are some linear areas lifting parallel to the wood grain. The unrecessed wood surface shows extreme wear and scratches.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome
any additional information you might have.