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Woman's wrapper (àdìrẹ ẹlé̩kọ)

Arts of Africa

On View: Contemporary Art, North Gallery
Àdìrẹ is a Yorùbá textile whose patterns are made through resist dyeing. The àdìrẹ technique used to make this wrapper is àdìrẹ ẹlékọ, wherein female artists paint cassava flour paste on fabric, preventing certain areas from soaking in blue indigo dye. This cloth’s name is Olókun, identifiable in part by the motif of a circular “stool” surrounded by “leaves.” As goddess of the sea, Olókun’s domain is the source of wealth, lending the cloth the associated meaning “life is sweet.” Other àdìrẹ employ tie-and-dye techniques (àdìrẹ oníko), where raffia ties hold small stones or seeds in place to cover areas of the fabric during dyeing, resulting in àdìrẹ eléso patterns. One such àdìrẹ oníko was incorporated underneath a panel in the featured egúngún (see photograph).



Àdírẹ sì jẹ ẹṣọ Yorùbá ti a ṣe awọn apẹrẹ nipasẹ igbẹkẹle. Ilana igbimọ ti a lo lati ṣe apẹrẹ yii jẹ igbimọ aladani, ninu eyiti awọn oṣere awọn obinrin ṣayẹ iyẹfun oyinbo lori aṣọ, ni idaabobo awọn agbegbe kan lati sisun ni awọ pupa indigo. Orukọ yi ni Olókun, ti a fihan ni apakan nipasẹ idi ti “igbe” ti o ni “ewé” ti o yika. Bi ọlọrun ti omi, apakan Olókun ni orisun oro, yiya asọ naa ni itumọ ti “igbesi aye jẹ dun.” Mimiri miiran lo awọn ilana ti ita-dye (ami iro), nibi ti awọn asopọ ilara mu awọn okuta kekere tabi awọn irugbin ni ibi lati bo awọn agbegbe ti aṣọ nigba igbẹlẹ, ti o mu ki awọn apẹrẹ ti o pọju. Akan iru idaniloju idaniloju ni a dapọ labẹ ẹgbẹ kan ninu ẹya-ara ti a ṣe afihan (wo aworan).
MEDIUM Commercial cotton cloth, synthetic indigo dye
DATES 20th century
DIMENSIONS 68 5/8 × 78 × 1/16 in. (174.3 × 198.1 × 0.1 cm)  (show scale)
COLLECTIONS Arts of Africa
MUSEUM LOCATION This item is on view in Contemporary Art, North Gallery
EXHIBITIONS
ACCESSION NUMBER 1990.132.8
CREDIT LINE Purchased with funds given by Frieda and Milton F. Rosenthal
RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
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CAPTION Yorùbá , unknown maker's mark. Woman's wrapper (àdìrẹ ẹlé̩kọ), 20th century. Commercial cotton cloth, synthetic indigo dye, 68 5/8 × 78 × 1/16 in. (174.3 × 198.1 × 0.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Purchased with funds given by Frieda and Milton F. Rosenthal, 1990.132.8 (Photo: , 1990.132.8_PS11.jpg)
IMAGE overall, 1990.132.8_PS11.jpg., 2018
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
CATALOGUE DESCRIPTION Resist, indigo-dyed commerical cotton cloth. Free hand starch painting of patterns which fill geometric grid. Motifs include birds, leaves, and spinning tops. Commercial cotton joined by machine stitching, hemmed.
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Yorùbá , unknown maker's mark. <em>Woman's wrapper (àdìrẹ ẹlé̩kọ)</em>, 20th century. Commercial cotton cloth, synthetic indigo dye, 68 5/8 × 78 × 1/16 in. (174.3 × 198.1 × 0.1 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Purchased with funds given by Frieda and Milton F. Rosenthal, 1990.132.8 (Photo: , 1990.132.8_PS11.jpg)