Skip Navigation

Columbus before the Queen

Emanuel Leutze

American Art

On View: American Art Galleries, 5th Floor, Nations Divided, 1860–1910
Columbus before the Queen was the third of at least six treatments of the Christopher Columbus theme undertaken by Emanuel Leutze. Portrayed as a hero, the Italian explorer commands the center of the composition as he boldly addresses the Spanish monarchs Ferdinand and Isabella, seen at the left. With their backing, Columbus crossed the Atlantic four times between 1492 and 1503. His first voyage marked the beginning of Spanish colonization of the Americas, which brought a new language, a new monotheistic religion, and an obsession with racial purity to the region.
MEDIUM Oil on canvas
DATES 1843
DIMENSIONS 38 9/16 x 50 15/16 in. (97.9 x 129.4 cm)  (show scale)
SIGNATURE Signed lower right: "E. Leutze-1843"
MUSEUM LOCATION This item is on view in American Art Galleries, 5th Floor, Nations Divided, 1860–1910
CREDIT LINE Dick S. Ramsay Fund and Healy Purchase Fund B
RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement. You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form (charges apply). The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act. The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals. For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress, Cornell University, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums, and Copyright Watch. For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright. If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact
CAPTION Emanuel Leutze (American, born Germany, 1816-1868). Columbus before the Queen, 1843. Oil on canvas, 38 9/16 x 50 15/16 in. (97.9 x 129.4 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Dick S. Ramsay Fund and Healy Purchase Fund B, 77.220 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 77.220_SL1.jpg)
IMAGE overall, 77.220_SL1.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph
"CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome any additional information you might have.