Skip Navigation

The Order of the Grand Vizier

Jean-Joseph-Benjamin Constant

European Art

On View: European Art Galleries, 5th floor
Like other Orientalist painters, Jean-Joseph-Benjamin Constant blended European misconceptions and fantasies of North Africa and the Middle East with intricate renderings of props he gathered on a trip to Spain and Morocco. The dramatic subject, lavish interior, and sparkling colors of this painting were designed to mirror European consumers’ exoticizing fantasies of the region. Several decorative elements may be based on objects in Constant’s studio. The golden curtain, ewer, stool, and architectural backdrop are similar to props photographed there in 1890.
MEDIUM Oil on canvas
  • Place Made: Europe
  • DATES n.d.
    DIMENSIONS 21 11/16 x 16 15/16 in. (55.1 x 43.0 cm) Frame: 34 x 29 x 5 in.  (show scale)
    SIGNATURE Signed bottom left: "Benj. Constant"
    COLLECTIONS European Art
    CREDIT LINE Bequest of Henry W. Maxwell
    MUSEUM LOCATION This item is on view in European Art Galleries, 5th floor
    CAPTION Jean-Joseph-Benjamin Constant (French, 1845-1902). The Order of the Grand Vizier, n.d. Oil on canvas, 21 11/16 x 16 15/16 in. (55.1 x 43.0 cm). Brooklyn Museum, Bequest of Henry W. Maxwell, 03.312 (Photo: Brooklyn Museum, 03.312_PS9.jpg)
    IMAGE overall, 03.312_PS9.jpg. Brooklyn Museum photograph, 2014
    "CUR" at the beginning of an image file name means that the image was created by a curatorial staff member. These study images may be digital point-and-shoot photographs, when we don\'t yet have high-quality studio photography, or they may be scans of older negatives, slides, or photographic prints, providing historical documentation of the object.
    RIGHTS STATEMENT No known copyright restrictions
    This work may be in the public domain in the United States. Works created by United States and non-United States nationals published prior to 1923 are in the public domain, subject to the terms of any applicable treaty or agreement. You may download and use Brooklyn Museum images of this work. Please include caption information from this page and credit the Brooklyn Museum. If you need a high resolution file, please fill out our online application form (charges apply). The Museum does not warrant that the use of this work will not infringe on the rights of third parties, such as artists or artists' heirs holding the rights to the work. It is your responsibility to determine and satisfy copyright or other use restrictions before copying, transmitting, or making other use of protected items beyond that allowed by "fair use," as such term is understood under the United States Copyright Act. The Brooklyn Museum makes no representations or warranties with respect to the application or terms of any international agreement governing copyright protection in the United States for works created by foreign nationals. For further information about copyright, we recommend resources at the United States Library of Congress, Cornell University, Copyright and Cultural Institutions: Guidelines for U.S. Libraries, Archives, and Museums, and Copyright Watch. For more information about the Museum's rights project, including how rights types are assigned, please see our blog posts on copyright. If you have any information regarding this work and rights to it, please contact
    Not every record you will find here is complete. More information is available for some works than for others, and some entries have been updated more recently. Records are frequently reviewed and revised, and we welcome any additional information you might have.